Cover image for Teach yourself electricity and electronics
Title:
Teach yourself electricity and electronics
Author:
Gibilisco, Stan.
Personal Author:
Edition:
Third edition.
Publication Information:
New York : McGraw-Hill, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
xx, 727 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780071377300
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library TK7819 .G38 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
Searching...
Orchard Park Library TK7819 .G38 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
Searching...

On Order

Summary

Summary

Presents the hows and whys behind computing, communications, robotics, entertainment devices, and the force that makes them work. Meant for preparing for licensing exams, this guide includes more than 500 illustrations, examples, and self-quizzes and tests. It also offers information on wireless technologies, computers, and the Internet.


Author Notes

Stan Gibilisco is the author of several important scientific books, including Understanding Einstein's Theory of Relativity and Teach Yourself Electricity and Electronics. While his primary interests are in technical and scientific fields, his passion has always been writing. He has worked as vice president of an electronic company and explains the exciting field of electronics in clear and complete terms.

Gibilisco was born on September 26, 1953 in Birmingham, Ala. and educated at the University of Minnesota.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Table of Contents

Prefacep. xix
Part 1 Direct current
1 Basic physical conceptsp. 3
Atomsp. 3
Protons, neutrons, and the atomic numberp. 4
Isotopes and atomic weightsp. 4
Electronsp. 5
Ionsp. 5
Compoundsp. 9
Moleculesp. 10
Conductorsp. 11
Insulatorsp. 11
Resistorsp. 13
Semiconductorsp. 14
Currentp. 15
Static electricityp. 15
Electromotive forcep. 16
Nonelectrical energyp. 18
Quizp. 19
2 Electrical unitsp. 23
The voltp. 23
Current flowp. 24
The amperep. 26
Resistance and the ohmp. 26
Conductance and the siemensp. 28
Power and the wattp. 29
Energy and the watt hourp. 31
Other energy unitsp. 33
ac Waves and the hertzp. 34
Rectification and fluctuating direct currentp. 35
Safety considerations in electrical workp. 37
Magnetismp. 38
Magnetic unitsp. 39
Quizp. 40
3 Measuring devicesp. 44
Electromagnetic deflectionp. 44
Electrostatic deflectionp. 46
Thermal heatingp. 47
Ammetersp. 48
Voltmetersp. 49
Ohmmetersp. 51
Multimetersp. 53
FET and vacuum-tube voltmetersp. 54
Wattmetersp. 54
Watt-hour metersp. 55
Digital readout metersp. 56
Frequency countersp. 57
Other specialized meter typesp. 57
Quizp. 60
4 Basic dc circuitsp. 65
Schematic symbolsp. 65
Schematic diagramsp. 67
Wiring diagramsp. 68
Voltage/current/resistance circuitp. 68
Ohm's Lawp. 69
Current calculationsp. 69
Voltage calculationsp. 71
Resistance calculationsp. 71
Power calculationsp. 72
Resistances in seriesp. 73
Resistances in parallelp. 74
Division of powerp. 75
Resistances in series-parallelp. 75
Resistive loads in generalp. 77
Quizp. 77
5 Direct-current circuit analysisp. 82
Current through series resistancesp. 82
Voltages across series resistancesp. 83
Voltage across parallel resistancesp. 85
Currents through parallel resistancesp. 86
Power distribution in series circuitsp. 88
Power distribution in parallel circuitsp. 88
Kirchhoff's first lawp. 89
Kirchhoff's second lawp. 91
Voltage divider networksp. 92
Quizp. 95
6 Resistorsp. 99
Purpose of the resistorp. 99
The carbon-composition resistorp. 102
The wirewound resistorp. 103
Film type resistorsp. 104
Integrated-circuit resistorsp. 104
The potentiometerp. 105
The decibelp. 107
The rheostatp. 109
Resistor valuesp. 110
Tolerancep. 110
Power ratingp. 110
Temperature compensationp. 111
The color codep. 112
Quizp. 114
7 Cells and batteriesp. 118
Kinetic and potential energyp. 118
Electrochemical energyp. 118
Primary and secondary cellsp. 119
The Weston standard cellp. 120
Storage capacityp. 120
Common dime-store cells and batteriesp. 122
Miniature cells and batteriesp. 124
Lead-acid cells and batteriesp. 125
Nickel-cadmium cells and batteriesp. 125
Photovoltaic cells and batteriesp. 127
How large a battery?p. 128
Quizp. 130
8 Magnetismp. 134
The geomagnetic fieldp. 134
Magnetic forcep. 135
Electric charge in motionp. 136
Flux linesp. 136
Magnetic polarityp. 137
Dipoles and monopolesp. 139
Magnetic field strengthp. 139
Permeabilityp. 142
Retentivityp. 142
Permanent magnetsp. 143
The solenoidp. 144
The dc motorp. 145
Magnetic data storagep. 146
Quizp. 149
Test: Part 1p. 153
Part 2 Alternating current
9 Alternating current basicsp. 165
Definition of alternating currentp. 165
Period and frequencyp. 165
The sine wavep. 167
The square wavep. 167
Sawtooth wavesp. 167
Complex and irregular waveformsp. 169
Frequency spectrump. 170
Little bits of a cyclep. 172
Phase differencep. 173
Amplitude of alternating currentp. 173
Superimposed direct currentp. 175
The ac generatorp. 176
Why ac?p. 178
Quizp. 178
10 Inductancep. 183
The property of inductancep. 183
Practical inductorsp. 184
The unit of inductancep. 185
Inductors in seriesp. 185
Inductors in parallelp. 186
Interaction among inductorsp. 187
Effects of mutual inductancep. 188
Air-core coilsp. 189
Powdered-iron and ferrite coresp. 190
Permeability tuningp. 190
Toroidsp. 190
Pot coresp. 192
Filter chokesp. 192
Inductors at audio frequencyp. 193
Inductors at radio frequencyp. 193
Transmission-line inductorsp. 193
Unwanted inductancesp. 195
Quizp. 195
11 Capacitancep. 199
The property of capacitancep. 199
Practical capacitorsp. 201
The unit of capacitancep. 201
Capacitors in seriesp. 202
Capacitors in parallelp. 203
Dielectric materialsp. 204
Paper capacitorsp. 204
Mica capacitorsp. 205
Ceramic capacitorsp. 205
Plastic-film capacitorsp. 206
Electrolytic capcitorsp. 206
Tantalum capacitorsp. 206
Semiconductor capacitorsp. 207
Variable capacitorsp. 207
Tolerancep. 209
Temperature coefficientp. 210
Interelectrode capacitancep. 210
Quizp. 211
12 Phasep. 215
Instantaneous voltage and currentp. 215
Rate of changep. 216
Sine waves as circular motionp. 217
Degrees of phasep. 218
Radians of phasep. 221
Phase coincidencep. 221
Phase oppositionp. 222
Leading phasep. 222
Lagging phasep. 224
Vector diagrams of phase relationshipsp. 225
Quizp. 226
13 Inductive reactancep. 231
Coils and direct currentp. 231
Coils and alternating currentp. 232
Reactance and frequencyp. 233
Points in the RL planep. 234
Vectors in the RL planep. 235
Current lags voltagep. 237
Inductance and resistancep. 238
How much lag?p. 240
Quizp. 243
14 Capacitive reactancep. 247
Capacitors and direct currentp. 247
Capacitors and alternating currentp. 248
Reactance and frequencyp. 249
Points in the RC planep. 251
Vectors in the RC planep. 253
Current leads voltagep. 254
How much lead?p. 256
Quizp. 259
15 Impedance and admittancep. 264
Imaginary numbersp. 264
Complex numbersp. 265
The complex number planep. 266
The RX planep. 269
Vector representation of impedancep. 270
Absolute-value impedancep. 272
Characteristic impedancep. 272
Conductancep. 275
Susceptancep. 275
Admittancep. 276
The GB planep. 277
Vector representation of admittancep. 279
Why all these different expressions?p. 279
Quizp. 280
16 RLC circuit analysisp. 284
Complex impedances in seriesp. 284
Series RLC circuitsp. 288
Complex admittances in parallelp. 289
Parallel GLC circuitsp. 292
Converting from admittance to impedancep. 294
Putting it all togetherp. 294
Reducing complicated RLC circuitsp. 295
Ohm's law for ac circuitsp. 298
Quizp. 301
17 Power and resonance in ac circuitsp. 305
What is power?p. 305
True power doesn't travelp. 307
Reactance does not consume powerp. 308
True power, VA power and reactive powerp. 309
Power factorp. 310
Calculation of power factorp. 310
How much of the power is true?p. 313
Power transmissionp. 315
Series resonancep. 318
Parallel resonancep. 319
Calculating resonant frequencyp. 319
Resonant devicesp. 321
Quizp. 323
18 Transformers and impedance matchingp. 327
Principle of the transformerp. 327
Turns ratiop. 328
Transformer coresp. 329
Transformer geometryp. 330
The autotransformerp. 333
Power transformersp. 334
Audio-frequency transformersp. 336
Isolation transformersp. 336
Impedance-transfer ratiop. 338
Radio-frequency transformersp. 339
What about reactance?p. 341
Quizp. 342
Test: Part 2p. 346
Part 3 Basic electronics
19 Introduction to semiconductorsp. 359
The semiconductor revolutionp. 359
Semiconductor materialsp. 360
Dopingp. 362
Majority and minority charge carriersp. 362
Electron flowp. 362
Hole flowp. 363
Behavior of a P-N junctionp. 363
How the junction worksp. 364
Junction capacitancep. 366
Avalanche effectp. 366
Quizp. 367
20 Some uses of diodesp. 370
Rectificationp. 370
Detectionp. 371
Frequency multiplicationp. 372
Mixingp. 373
Switchingp. 374
Voltage regulationp. 374
Amplitude limitingp. 374
Frequency controlp. 376
Oscillation and amplificationp. 377
Energy emissionp. 377
Photosensitive diodesp. 378
Quizp. 380
21 Power suppliesp. 383
Parts of a power supplyp. 383
The power transformerp. 384
The diodep. 385
The half-wave rectifierp. 386
The full-wave, center-tap rectifierp. 387
The bridge rectifierp. 387
The voltage doublerp. 389
The filterp. 390
Voltage regulationp. 392
Surge currentp. 393
Transient suppressionp. 394
Fuses and breakersp. 394
Personal safetyp. 395
Quizp. 396
22 The bipolar transistorp. 400
NPN versus PNPp. 400
NPN biasingp. 402
PNP biasingp. 404
Biasing for current amplificationp. 404
Static current amplificationp. 405
Dynamic current amplificationp. 406
Overdrivep. 406
Gain versus frequencyp. 407
Common-emitter circuitp. 408
Common-base circuitp. 409
Common-collector circuitp. 410
Quizp. 411
23 The field-effect transistorp. 416
Principle of the JFETp. 416
N-channel versus P-channelp. 417
Depletion and pinchoffp. 418
JFET biasingp. 419
Voltage amplificationp. 420
Drain current versus drain voltagep. 421
Transconductancep. 422
The MOSFETp. 422
Depletion mode versus enhancement modep. 425
Common-source circuitp. 425
Common-gate circuitp. 426
Common-drain circuitp. 427
A note about notationp. 429
Quizp. 429
24 Amplifiersp. 433
The decibelp. 433
Basic bipolar amplifier circuitp. 437
Basic FET amplifier circuitp. 438
The class-A amplifierp. 439
The class-AB amplifierp. 440
The class-B amplifierp. 441
The class-C amplifierp. 442
PA efficiencyp. 443
Drive and overdrivep. 445
Audio amplificationp. 446
Coupling methodsp. 447
Radio-frequency amplificationp. 450
Quizp. 453
25 Oscillatorsp. 457
Uses of oscillatorsp. 457
Positive feedbackp. 458
Concept of the oscillatorp. 458
The Armstrong oscillatorp. 459
The Hartley circuitp. 459
The Colpitts circuitp. 461
The Clapp circuitp. 461
Stabilityp. 463
Crystal-controlled oscillatorsp. 464
The voltage-controlled oscillatorp. 465
The PLL frequency synthesizerp. 466
Diode oscillatorsp. 467
Audio waveformsp. 467
Audio oscillatorsp. 468
IC oscillatorsp. 469
Quizp. 469
26 Data transmissionp. 474
The carrier wavep. 474
The Morse codep. 475
Frequency-shift keyingp. 475
Amplitude modulation for voicep. 478
Single sidebandp. 480
Frequency and phase modulationp. 482
Pulse modulationp. 485
Analog-to-digital conversionp. 487
Image transmissionp. 487
The electromagnetic fieldp. 490
Transmission mediap. 493
Quizp. 495
27 Data receptionp. 499
Radio wave propagationp. 499
Receiver specificationsp. 502
Definition of detectionp. 504
Detection of AM signalsp. 504
Detection of CW signalsp. 505
Detection of FSK signalsp. 506
Detection of SSB signalsp. 506
Detection of FM signalsp. 506
Detection of PM signalsp. 508
Digital-to-analog conversionp. 509
Digital signal processingp. 510
The principle of signal mixingp. 511
The product detectorp. 512
The superheterodynep. 515
A modulated-light receiverp. 517
Quizp. 517
28 Integrated circuits and data storage mediap. 521
Boxes and cansp. 521
Advantages of IC technologyp. 522
Limitations of IC technologyp. 523
Linear versus digitalp. 524
Types of linear ICsp. 524
Bipolar digital ICsp. 527
MOS digital ICsp. 527
Component densityp. 529
IC memoryp. 530
Magnetic mediap. 532
Compact disksp. 535
Quizp. 535
29 Electron tubesp. 539
Vacuum versus gas-filledp. 539
The diode tubep. 540
The triodep. 541
Extra gridsp. 542
Some tubes are obsoletep. 544
Radio-frquency power amplifiersp. 544
Cathode-ray tubesp. 546
Video camera tubesp. 547
Traveling-wave tubesp. 549
Quizp. 551
30 Basic digital principlesp. 555
Numbering systemsp. 555
Logic signalsp. 557
Basic logic operationsp. 559
Symbols for logic gatesp. 561
Complex logic operatorsp. 561
Working with truth tablesp. 562
Boolean algebrap. 564
The flip-flopp. 564
The counterp. 566
The registerp. 567
The digital revolutionp. 568
Quizp. 568
Test: Part 3p. 572
Part 4 Advanced electronics and related technology
31 Acoustics, audio, and high fidelityp. 583
Acousticsp. 583
Loudness and phasep. 585
Technical considerationsp. 587
Basic componentsp. 589
Other componentsp. 591
Specialized systemsp. 596
Recorded mediap. 597
Electromagnetic interferencep. 601
Quizp. 602
32 Wireless and personal communications systemsp. 606
Cellular communicationsp. 606
Satellite systemsp. 608
Acoustic transducersp. 612
Radio-frequency transducersp. 613
Infrared transducersp. 614
Wireless local area networksp. 615
Wireless security systemsp. 616
Hobby radiop. 617
Noisep. 619
Quizp. 620
33 Computers and the Internetp. 624
The microprocessor and CPUp. 624
Bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, and gigabytesp. 626
The hard drivep. 626
Other forms of mass storagep. 628
Random-access memoryp. 629
The displayp. 631
The printerp. 633
The modemp. 635
The Internetp. 636
Quizp. 640
34 Robotics and artificial intelligencep. 644
Asimov's three lawsp. 644
Robot generationsp. 645
Independent or dependent?p. 646
Robot armsp. 648
Robotic hearing and visionp. 652
Robotic navigationp. 657
Telepresencep. 661
The mind of the machinep. 663
Quizp. 665
Test: Part 4p. 669
Final examp. 679
Appendices
A Answers to quiz, test, and exam questionsp. 697
B Schematic symbolsp. 707
Suggested additional referencep. 713
Indexp. 715

Google Preview