Cover image for The pesharim and Qumran history : chaos or consensus?
The pesharim and Qumran history : chaos or consensus?
Charlesworth, James H.
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Publication Information:
Grand Rapids, Mich. : William B. Eerdmans, [2002]

Physical Description:
xiv, 171 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
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BM487 .C43 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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The pesharim were a series of early Jewish commentaries on the Hebrew Bible composed at Qumran between 100 and 40 BC. As this study reveals, they are a truly complex and intriguing source for the early Qumran community and its beliefs. Charlesworth's study revolves around the central issue of whether any reliable historical information can be obtained from the pesharim and, if so, what it reveals. Placed within the context of Hellenistic and Jewish historiography, and Biblical literature, this is a specialised study within Dead Sea Scroll scholarship.

Author Notes

James H. Charlesworth is the George L. Collord Professor of New Testament Language and Literature at Princeton Theological Seminary.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Abbreviationsp. xii
Illustrationsp. xiv
The Hermeneutics of the Pesharimp. 1
Chaos Regarding History Camouflaged as Hermeneutics?p. 3
Qumran Hermeneuticsp. 5
The Sociology of Qumran Hermeneuticsp. 6
The Pesharim as Fulfillment Hermeneuticsp. 14
The Pesharim and Qumran History: Chaos or Consensus?p. 17
Introductionp. 17
Sources for Qumran Historyp. 19
Synopsis of Qumran Historyp. 25
Phase I Archaeological Period Iap. 27
How to Translate [characters not reproducible]?p. 28
Who Was the Righteous Teacher?p. 30
Who Was the "Man of Lies"?p. 36
Who Was "the Wicked Priest"?p. 36
The Exodus of the Righteous Teacherp. 37
Reactions to Archaeological Period Iap. 42
Phase II Archaeological Period Ibp. 44
Phase III Archaeological Period of Abandonmentp. 50
Phase IV Archaeological Period IIp. 52
Were Qumranites Conservative Essenes?p. 55
Chaos or Consensus?p. 56
Phase V Archaeological Period IIIp. 58
Results for Reflectionsp. 59
Was Qumran a Celibate Monastery?p. 62
Summaryp. 66
The Pesharim and Qumran Historyp. 67
What Is a Pesher?p. 68
Methodologyp. 70
Summaryp. 76
The Date of the Pesharimp. 77
Historical Allusions in the Pesharimp. 80
Historical Allusions within Palestinian Judaismp. 83
The Unparalleled Authority of the Righteous Teacherp. 83
The Righteous Teacher Was a Priestp. 88
Faith in the Righteous Teacherp. 89
The Persecution of the Righteous Teacher and the Calendar of His Groupp. 89
The Wicked Priestp. 91
The Rise and Fall of the Wicked Priestp. 92
The End of the Wicked Priestp. 93
The Man of the Lie (= Scoffer, the Spouter of the Lie)p. 94
The Crucifixion of Some Seekers-After-Smooth-Thingsp. 97
Alexander Jannaeusp. 99
Judah, Ephraim, and Manassehp. 106
Historical Allusions Outside Palestinian Judaism: The Greeks and Romansp. 109
The Kittimp. 109
Demetriusp. 112
Conclusionp. 116
Appendixes by Professor Lidija Novakovic
Index of Biblical Quotations in the Pesharim, Other Commentaries, and Related Documentsp. 119
Text-critical Variants in the Pesharim, Other Commentaries, and Related Documentsp. 129
Bibliographyp. 159
Biblical Textsp. 161
Dead Sea Scrollsp. 162
Other Ancient Writingsp. 164
Modern Authorsp. 166
Subjectsp. 170