Cover image for The Jews of the Middle East and North Africa in modern times
Title:
The Jews of the Middle East and North Africa in modern times
Author:
Simon, Reeva S.
Publication Information:
New York : Columbia University Press, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xvi, 549 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm + 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.).
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780231107969

9780231107976
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library DS135.L4 J49 2003 Book and Software Set Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

Despite considerable research on the Jewish diaspora in the Middle East and North Africa since 1800, there has until now been no comprehensive synthesis that illuminates both the differences and commonalities in Jewish experience across a range of countries and cultures. This lacuna in both Jewish and Middle Eastern studies is due partly to the fact that in general histories of the region, Jews have been omitted from the standard narrative. As part of the religious and ethnic mosaic that was traditional Islamic society, Jews were but one among numerous minorities and so have lacked a systematic treatment.

Addressing this important oversight, this volume documents the variety and diversity of Jewish life in the region over the last two hundred years. It explains the changes that affected the communities under Islamic rule during its "golden age" and describes the processes of modernization that enabled the Jews to play a pivotal role in their respective countries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The first half of the book is thematic, covering topics ranging from languages to economic life and from religion and music to the world of women. The second half is a country-by-country survey that covers Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel/Palestine, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Yemen, Egypt, the Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco.


Author Notes

Ammiel Alcalay teaches at Queens College, New York
Eliezer Bashan teaches in the Department of Jewish History at Bar-Ilan University in Israel
Issachar Ben-Ami is a senior researcher and lecturer in the Department of Jewish and Comparative Folklore at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
David M. Bunis teaches in the Department of Romance Studies and Jewish Languages at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Joseph Chetrit is vice rector of the University of Haifa, where he teaches linguistics and is director of the Center for the Study of Jewish Culture in Spain and Muslim Countries
David Cohen is a senior research fellow at the Institute for Research of Pioneer and Zionist Movements in Muslim Lands at the Yad Tabenkin Foundation, Ramat Ef'al
Jane S. Gerber is professor of Jewish history and director of the Institute for Sephardic Studies at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York
Joseph B. Glass lectures in the Department of Geography at the Rothberg International School and is the academic coordinator of the Halbert Centre for Canadian Studies, both at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Harvey E. Goldberg teaches in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
George E. Gruen has taught at Columbia University and Brooklyn College and was the director of Middle East Affairs at the American Jewish Committee from 1962 to 1990
Esther Juhasz teaches in the Department of Jewish and Comparative Folklore at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Ruth Kark teaches in the Geography Department at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Mark Kligman is associate professor of Jewish musicology at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, New York, where he specializes in the liturgical traditions of Middle Eastern Jewish communities
Bat-Zion Eraqi-Klorman teaches history at the Open University of Israel
Jacob M. Landau is professor emeritus of political science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Michael Menachem Laskier teaches in the Department of Middle East History at Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, and chairs the Political Science Department at Ashqelon Academic College in Israel
Jean-Marc Ran Oppenheim teaches at New York University, Fordham, and Brooklyn College of the City University of New York
Sara Reguer chairs the Department of Judaic Studies of Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, publishes in the fields of Jordan River politics, the history of Jewish women, World War I, and Palestine under the British mandate
Aron Rodrigue is the Eva Chernov Lokey Professor of Jewish Studies and professor of history at Stanford University
Haim Saadoun is dean of students at the Open University of Israel and teaches at Haifa University
Haideh Sahim specializes in ancient Iranian linguistics and worked on the Encyclopaedia Iranica from 1989 to 1998
Reeva Spector Simon: Since 1993 she has been the assistant director of the Middle East Institute, Columbia University
Rachel Simon is an independent scholar at Princeton University. She publishes widely on the Middle East and North Africa
Zvi Zohar is a senior research fellow at the Shalom Hartmen Institute of Advanced Judaic Studies in Jerusalem and at Bar-Ilan University; he is also a founding faculty member of Paideia -- The European Institute for Jewish Studies in Sweden


Table of Contents

Jane S. GerberReeva Spector SimonMichael Menachem Laskier and Reeva Spector SimonMichael Menachem Laskier and Sara Reguer and Haim SaadounZvi ZoharAmmiel AlcalayDavid M. Bunis and Joseph Chetrit and Haideh SahimRachel SimonRachel SimonIssachar Ben-AmiEsther JuhaszMark KligmanSara ReguerJacob M. LandauAron RodrigueGeorge E. GruenMichael Menachem LaskierRuth Kark and Joseph B. GlassReeva Spector SimonHaideh SahimBat-Zion Eraqi-KlormanJean-Marc Ran OppenheimHarvey E. GoldbergHaim SaadounDavid CohenMichael Menachem Laskier and Eliezer Bashan
Introductionp. vii
Contributorsp. xiii
Part 1 Themes
1. History of the Jews in the Middle East and North Africa from the Rise of Islam Until 1700p. 3
2. Europe in the Middle Eastp. 19
3. Economic Lifep. 29
4. Community Leadership and Structurep. 49
5. Religion: Rabbinic Tradition and the Response to Modernityp. 65
6. Intellectual Lifep. 85
7. Jewish Languages Enter the Modern Erap. 113
8. Educationp. 142
9. Zionismp. 165
10. Beliefs and Customsp. 180
11. Material Culturep. 205
12. Musicp. 224
13. The World of Womenp. 235
Part 2. Country-by-Country Survey
14. Ottoman Turkeyp. 277
15. The Ottoman Balkansp. 292
16. Turkeyp. 303
17. Syria and Lebanonp. 316
18. Eretz Israel/Palestine, 1800-1948p. 335
19. Iraqp. 347
20. Iran and Afghanistanp. 367
21. Yemenp. 389
22. Egypt and the Sudanp. 409
23. Libyap. 431
24. Tunisiap. 444
25. Algeriap. 458
26. Moroccop. 471
Appendixp. 505
Indexp. 529

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