Cover image for The butchers, the baker : the World War II memoir of a United States Army Air Corps soldier captured by the Japanese in the Philippines
The butchers, the baker : the World War II memoir of a United States Army Air Corps soldier captured by the Japanese in the Philippines
Mapes, Victor L., 1917-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., Publishers, [2000]

Physical Description:
viii, 240 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Personal Subject:
Added Author:
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D805.P6 M36 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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Imprisoned aboard an unmarked ship that was torpedoed by an American submarine, the wounded author struggled to survive. Mapes' memoir chronicles a gruelling three-year ordeal that was punctuated by strange, and often amusing encounters with fellow Americans, Japanese, Filipinos, and the fierce Moros of Mindanao Island.

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Mapes was a cook in the US Army Air Corps, 14th Bomb Squadron, on Mindanao during WW II. As a cook Mapes shifted about the island to fight and to capitulate to the Japanese. Scrounging food and kitchen equipment kept him engaged with the enlisted men, officers, and civilians before and during captivity, which lasted until his escape from a torpedoed Japanese transport vessel in September 1944. Meanwhile, he and other POWs endured a "death march" punishment, learned the skills of survival alongside Philippine felons in Davao Penal Colony, and suffered the ghastly torment of transportation in the hold of the Japanese merchant ship Shinyo Maru, which was sunk by an American submarine. Only a fraction of the 750 POWs aboard survived; Mapes was one of them. He shattered his leg while escaping and was in grave condition when rescued by American guerrillas. Evacuated first by submarine, then by hospital ship, Mapes spent the next two years at Walter Reed Hospital. There he began writing his recollections, completing them many years later. Easily read, anecdotal, this book supplements With Only the Will to Live, ed. by Robert S. LaForte et al. (CH, Nov'94), and Preston Hubbard's Apocalypse Undone (1990). Maps, pictures, name lists. All levels. G. H. Davis; Georgia State University

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
1. Threats of War (November 1, 1939, to December 8, 1941)p. 1
2. Clark Field Under Attack (December 8-12, 1941)p. 14
3. Last Trip to Manila (December 12-22, 1941)p. 22
4. Retreat to Bataan (December 22-29, 1941)p. 29
5. An Interrupted Voyage to Mindanao (December 29, 1941, to January 1, 1942)p. 36
6. From Cagayan to Lake Lanao (January 1-18, 1942)p. 44
7. Malabang (January 18 to February 1, 1942)p. 50
8. Camp Keithley (February 1 to March 20, 1942)p. 59
9. Master Sgt. Manook -- Farewell to Dansalan (February 1 to March 20, 1942)p. 70
10. Starting Up the Bakery at Malabang (March 20 to April 10, 1942)p. 74
11. Romance (April 10-20, 1942)p. 86
12. Bacolod Grande (April 20-26, 1942)p. 91
13. PBY Flying Boats (April 26-29, 1942)p. 98
14. A New Commanding Officer (April 29 to May 3, 1942)p. 102
15. Ganasi (May 3-4, 1942)p. 108
16. Major Heidger (May 4-5, 1942)p. 115
17. The Road to General Fort's HQ (May 5-6, 1942)p. 125
18. Into the Mountains (May 6 to June 2, 1942)p. 132
19. Prisoner in Dansalan and Camp Keithley (June 2 to July 1, 1942)p. 142
20. Mindanao Death March (July 1-7, 1942)p. 154
21. Malaybalay Prison Camp (July 7 to late October 1942)p. 164
22. Davao Penal Colony -- Sawmill (October 30, 1942, to February 1943)p. 173
23. Davao Penal Colony -- Rice Paddies (February 1943 to mid-February 1944)p. 178
24. Lasang Airstrip (Mid-February to August 20, 1944)p. 187
25. Torpedoed (August 20 to September 7, 1944)p. 197
26. In the Water (September 7-8, 1944)p. 201
27. In the Hands of the Guerrillas (September 8-29, 1944)p. 205
28. In the Hands of the Navy (September 29 to October 25, 1944)p. 214
Epiloguep. 217
Military History of Victor L. Mapesp. 223
Military History of Scott A. Millsp. 225
Appendix A Dansalan Surrender Listp. 227
Appendix B Survivors from the Shinyo Marup. 229
Appendix C Japanese Military Directivep. 231
Bibliographyp. 233
Indexp. 235