Cover image for The Zapatista reader
The Zapatista reader
Hayden, Tom.
Publication Information:
New York : Thunder's Mouth Press/Nation Books, [2002]

Physical Description:
vii, 503 pages ; 23 cm
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Call Number
Material Type
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F1256 .Z269 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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The electrifying effect the Zapatista peasant rebellion has had on leading figures in the intellectual, political, and literary world since the Zapatistas woke them up on New Year's Day, 1994, has provided inspiration for activists all over the world. A remarkable synergy has also developed between leading writers, novelists, and journalists and Subcomandante Marcos, the enigmatic, pipe-smoking and balaclavered leader of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, who seems like a characterout of a "magical realism" novel. This reader includes a wide sampling of the best of the writing to emerge on the subject. The book is a journey through an insurgent and magical world of culture and politics, where celebrants and critics debate what Carlos Fuentes has described as the world's first 'post-communist rebellion.' Included are essays by Paco Taibo II, Octavio Paz, Carlos Fuentes, Elena Poniatowska, Ilan Stavans, Carlos Monsivais, Jorge Castenada, Jose Saramago, John Berger, Marc Cooper, Andrew Kopkind, Bill Weinberg, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Alma Guillermoprieto and Eduardo Galeano.

Author Notes

Thomas Emmet Hayden was born in Royal Oak, Michigan on December 11, 1939. He received a bachelor's degree in sociology from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1961 and did graduate work there in 1962 and 1963. While a student, he was a co-founder of the Students for a Democratic Society, participated in sit-in protests and voter registration drives in the South, and joined the Freedom Riders on interstate buses in the South. In 1968, he helped plan antiwar protests in Chicago to coincide with the Democratic National Convention, which resulted in a riot. He was a defendant in the Chicago Seven trial.

He was a peace activist who went to Hanoi and escorted American prisoners of war home from Vietnam. In 1974, he and his then wife Jane Fonda traveled across Vietnam and talked to people about their lives after years of war. They produced a documentary film entitled Introduction to the Enemy. He eventually became a politician and author. He was an assemblyman in the California Legislature in Sacramento from 1982 to 1992 and a state senator from 1993 to 2000. He wrote several books including The Other Side, Rebellion in Newark, Trial, Reunion, and Listen Yankee!: Why Cuba Matters. He died on October 23, 2016 at the age of 76.

(Bowker Author Biography)

Reviews 3

Booklist Review

This is a sprawling work that serves as both a primer to, and advanced analysis of, the Zapatista revolution. The contributors include literary luminaries (Gabriel Garcia Marquez), participants (Subcomandante Marcos), and journalists. Edited by longtime leftie Tom Hayden, a Progressive California state senator who was once a member of Students for a Democratic Society, the material is predictably sympathetic and left-leaning. Though it is also moving and exciting, this is not propaganda. Particularly interesting are passages that claim the forces of globalization made the revolt in impoverished Chiapas inevitable, posing "a genuine death sentence for a way of life." Furthermore, in an age when the planet seems to lack many clear-cut conflicts--when guerrillas are likely to be as corrupt as the governments they war against--the Reader helps us understand the romantic appeal the Zapatistas hold for so many. They express themselves eloquently; conduct themselves with dignity; and fight, not for power, but for self-preservation. There is a liveliness and intellectualism to this compilation that has been missing from accounts in the mainstream media. --Keir Graff

Publisher's Weekly Review

Collecting essays, interviews, articles and letters that center on a Latin American guerilla revolution and its hero, Subcomandante Marcos, this anthology is an excellent resource for anyone interested in the movement born in 1983 as the National Zapatista Liberation Army. As Hayden, a California state senator and the author of Irish on the Inside, writes in his introduction, largely because of Marcos, there is "a diary, a poetry, an intellectual account" of the struggles of southern Mexico's indigenous communities to preserve their lands and their rights. Hayden's thoughtful volume is divided into three sections: eyewitness accounts of the movement's most spectacular display (on Jan. 1, 1994, 3,000 Zapatistas took control of six large towns and hundreds of smaller ranches in response to the implementation of NAFTA); the poetic writings of Marcos; and a series of essays by political and intellectual leaders reflecting on the Zapatistas. Since the 1994 uprising, skirmishes between the Mexican government and the Zapatistas have continued lives are lost and lands are stolen, returned and stolen again but the U.S. media reports little of these affairs. This neglect has encouraged Latin American and European journalists and writers to step forward, their imaginations caught up with what many consider to be one of the last revolutions of and for the people. Jos Saramago, Gabriel Garc!a M rquez, Octavio Paz and Eduardo Galeano all weigh in on the insurgency and its mysterious and charismatic leader; it is these essays, along with Marcos's letters and speeches, that make this collection a worthy addition to the canon of Latin and South American literature as well as a valuable historical text. (Mar.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

Library Journal Review

In June 2001, President Vicente Fox declared that the revolutionary conflict in the southern Mexican state of Chiapas was over and that the world should focus on other challenges facing Mexico. Hayden, a longtime civil rights activist and former California state senator, doesn't agree. In his introduction, he suggests that, despite the worldwide disintegration of the traditional Left during the last decade, the message of revolution is back owing to the Zapatista movement. This movement has set an example by breaking with the traditional Left and focusing not on the transfer of political power but on the protection and continuance of native culture and tradition. Collected here are short articles about the Zapatista movement taken primarily from translated newspaper articles, documents, and a few unpublished works written by many cultural and political writers from Latin America and the rest of the world, including Jos Saramago, Ilan Stavans, Elena Poniatowska, and Enrique Krauze. Much of what is included is not easily available in the United States and will be of value to libraries with Latin American collections. Mark L. Grover, Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Table of Contents

Tom HaydenTom HansenAndrew KopkindPaco Ignacio Taibo IIOctavio PazAlma GuillermoprietoJoel SimonEduardo GaleanoAndres OppenheimerElena PoniatowskaPascal Beltran Del RioLuis Hernandez NavarroJoann WypijewskiMichael McCaughanTom HaydenBill WeinbergNaomi KleinCarlos MonsivaisIgnacio RamonetHomero AridjisHomero AridjisSaul LandauJorge MancillasSalvador CarrascoGabriel Garcia Marquez and CambioJohn RossAdolfo GillyRegis DebrayDaniel NugentJose de la ColinaJean MeyerElena PoniatowskaJose SaramagoIlan StavansEnrique KrauzeGary MacEoinMike GonzalezGuiomar RoviraManuel Vazquez MontalbanJohn Berger
Introductionp. 1
Historical Timelinep. 8
Part 1 The Storyp. 17
Opening Shotsp. 19
Zapatistas! The Phoenix Risesp. 21
The Media Spectacle Comes to Mexicop. 30
The Unmaskingp. 33
The Marcos Mystery: A Chat with the Subcommander of Spinp. 45
Chiapas Chroniclep. 48
Guerrillas in the Mistp. 51
Women's Battle for Respect Inch by Inchp. 55
US Trains Thousands of Mexican Soldiersp. 57
Mexico's Secret Warp. 61
Comic Relief, NEA Stylep. 68
King of the Junglep. 72
In Chiapasp. 76
Mexico's Dirty Warp. 98
Postscript: March 2001p. 105
The People of the Color of the Earthp. 106
The Unknown Iconp. 114
From the Subsoil to the Mask that Reveals: The Visible Indianp. 123
Marcos Marches on Mexico Cityp. 133
Indian Is Beautifulp. 142
Two Lascasian Poemsp. 145
The Zapatista Army of National Liberationp. 146
The Twilight of the Revolutionaries?p. 153
The Invisible Sightp. 166
Marcos Speaksp. 178
The Story of the Boot and the Chessboardp. 190
Words of Comandanta Esther at the Congress of the Unionp. 195
Part 2 The Wordp. 205
Testimonies of the First Dayp. 207
First Declaration from the Lacandon Junglep. 217
Second Declaration from the Lacandon Junglep. 221
Third Declaration from the Lacandon Junglep. 231
Fourth Declaration from the Lacandon Junglep. 239
Of Trees, Criminals, and Odontology: Letter to Carlos Monsivaisp. 250
The Fourth World War Has Begunp. 270
Marcos on Memory and Realityp. 285
Marcos From the Underground Culture to the Culture of Resistancep. 297
To the Relatives of the Politically Disappearedp. 306
Do Not Forget Ideas Are Also Weaponsp. 311
Conclusionp. 317
Part 3 The Commentariesp. 321
The Last Glow of the Mexican Revolutionp. 323
A Guerrilla with a Differencep. 340
Northern Intellectuals and the EZLNp. 352
As Time Goes By: "Marcos," or the Mask is the Messagep. 363
Once Again, the Noble Savagep. 367
Voices from the Jungle: Subcomandante Marcos and Culturep. 373
Chiapas: Land of Hope and Sorrowp. 382
Unmasking Marcosp. 386
Chiapas: The Indians' Prophetp. 395
"Seeds of the Word" in Chiapas: An Interview with Bishop Samuel Ruiz Garciap. 418
The Zapatistas: The Challenges of Revolution in a New Millenniump. 430
Of Love, Marriage, Children, and Warp. 452
Marcos: Mestizo Culture on the Movep. 472
Against the Great Defeat of the Worldp. 483
Resourcesp. 489
Acknowledgmentsp. 492
Permissionsp. 493
About the Contributorsp. 496