Cover image for The Malcolm X encyclopedia
Title:
The Malcolm X encyclopedia
Author:
Jenkins, Robert L., 1945-
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2002.
Physical Description:
xix, 643 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 25 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780313292644
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library BP223.Z8 L57626 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference
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Frank E. Merriweather Library BP223.Z8 L57626 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Black History Non-Circ
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Summary

Summary

Using the Nation of Islam as a vehicle, but largely through his own dedication, energy, and intelligence, Malcolm X became an indefatigable Black leader during the 1960s. This encyclopedic volume examines one of the most controversial and heroic leaders of the 20th century. Over 500 essays discuss how Malcolm X affected the world in which he lived and how the influence of people, issues, and events shaped his development as an international figure.

With more than 70 contributors from black studies, history, political science, sociology, philosophy, education, journalism, and psychology, the encyclopedia combines the knowledge of a precise group of writers. Addressing a major social, religious, and political figure through their own disciplines, these authors flesh out both the diversity and the complexity of the world that defined Malcolm X.


Author Notes

Yvette Alex-Assensoh is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Indiana University
Abdul Alkalimat is Professor of Black Studies and Director of the Department of Africana Studies at the University of Toledo
Akwasi B. Assensoh is Associate Professor of History at Indiana University
Curtis Austin is Assistant Professor of History and Assistant Director of the Oral History Program at the University of Southern Mississippi
Brenda Ayres is Professor of English at Middle Georgia College
Napoleon Bamfo is Associate Professor of Public Administration at Valdosta State University
Charles Pete Banner-Haley is Associate Professor of History and Coordinator of the African American Studies Program at Colgate University
Abdul Al-Barrak is Assistant Professor of Public Administration in Saudi Arabia
Amos J. Beyan is Associate Professor of History at West Virginia University.
Charles C. Bolton is Associate Professor of History and Director of the Oral History Program at the University of Southern Mississippi
Otha Burton is city administrator for Jackson, Mississippi, and Assistant Professor of Public Administration at Jackson State University
Reginald Colbert is a high school history teacher in Aliceville, Alabama.
James L. Conyers, Jr., is Chair of the Department of Black Studies and Associate Professor of Black Studies, Sociology, and History at the University of Nebraska at Omaha
Richard V. Damms is Assistant Professor of History at Mississippi State University
Dernoral Davis is Associate Professor of History and Acting Department Head at Jackson State University
Nancy J. Dawson is Assistant Professor of Black American Studies at Southern Illinois University
Pattie Dillon is Instructor of History at Central Florida University.
Saul Dorsey is a graduate student at Jackson State University.
Terri Earnest is an administrative assistant at the Mississippi State University Social Science Research Center
Morgan Ero is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Mississippi Valley State University
Nancy-Elizabeth Fitch is Associate Professor of English at the College of New Rochelle
Damon Fordham is a graduate student at the University of Charleston.
Phillip A. Gibbs is Associate Professor of History at Middle Georgia College
David T. Gleeson is Assistant Professor of History at Armstrong Atlantic State University
Fon Louise Gordon is Associate Professor of History at the University of Kentucky
Phyllis Gray-Ray is Associate Professor of Sociology and Research Coordinator, Institute for Disability Studies at the University of Southern Mississippi
Johnpeter Horst Grill is Professor of History at Mississippi State University
LaVerne Gyant is Associate Professor of Adult Education and Director of the Center of Black Studies at Northern Illinois University
Sharron Y. Herron is Associate Professor and Director of the Public Administration Program at California State University at Fresno.
Keith O. Hilton is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication at the University of the Pacific
Charles Holmes is Professor of Political Science at Tougaloo College.
Horace Huntley is part-time Assistant Professor of History at the University of Alabama at Birmingham
LaVonne Jackson is a Lecturer in History at Bowie State University.
Peter Jackson is Associate Professor of Economics at Benedict College
Robert L. Jenkins is Associate Professor of History at Mississippi State University
Patricia Jernigan is a recent graduate of the doctoral program in Public Administration at Mississippi State University
Franklin Jones is Professor of Political Science at Texas Southern University
Zainabau Sipiowe Netosh Jones is a doctoral student in Education at Temple University
Kenneth A. Jordan is Professor of Public Administration at Savannah State University
Lauren Larsen was formerly an Instructor of History at Morgan State University and currently resides in the West Indies
Mamie Locke is mayor of Hampton, Virginia, and a former Dean at Hampton Institute
Charles D. Lowery is Professor Emeritus of History at Mississippi State University
John F. Marszalek is Giles Distinguished Professor of History at Mississippi State University
Demond S. Miller is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Rowan University.
Najee E. Muhammad is Assistant Professor of Education and Coordinator of the Cultural Studies Program at Ohio University
Zuberi Mwamba is Professor of Political Science at Texas Southern University
Betsy Sakariassen Nash is a middle school administrator in San Antonio, Texas
Horace D. Nash is adjunct Instructor of History at San Antonio College.
Felix A. Okojie is Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs at Jackson State University
William A. Person is Professor of Curriculum and Instruction and Director of the Graduate Program at Mississippi State University.
Monte Piliawsky is Associate Professor of Education at Wayne State University
Craig S. Piper is Librarian/Archivist at Mississippi State University.
Byron E. Price is a doctoral student in the Public Administration Program at Mississippi State University
Melvin C. Ray is Assistant to the President and Associate Professor of Sociology at Mississippi State University
Wilfred D. Samuels is Associate Professor of English and Ethnic Studies at the University of Utah
Amilcar Shabazz is Assistant Professor of American Studies at the University of Alabama and Coordinator of the American Studies Program
Malik Simba is Professor of History at Georgia State University
Andrew P. Smallwood is Assistant Professor of Black Studies at the University of Nebraska at Omaha
Gerald L. Smith is Associate Professor of History and Director of the African American Studies Research Program at the University of Kentucky.
Thaddeus M. Smith is Associate Professor of History and Chair at Middle Tennessee State University
Irvin D. Solomon is Associate Professor of History at the Gulf Coast University
Bridgette Stasher is a graduate student in History at Jackson State University
James W. Stennett is a media consultant for a professional baseball team.
Franklyn Tate is a doctoral student in the Public Administration Program at Mississippi State University
Lehlohonolo Tlou is Associate Professor of History and Political Science at Longwood College
Yoshawnda Trotter is a doctoral student in History at Mississippi State University
Mfanya Donald Tryman is Professor of Political Science at Mississippi State University
Ronnie Tucker is Adjunct Professor of Political Science at Mississippi State University
Thomas Upchurch is a doctoral candidate in History at Mississippi State University
G. N. Uzoigwe is Department Head and Professor of History at Mississippi State University
Hanes Walton is Professor of Political Science and Faculty Associate in the Center of Political Studies in the Institute of Social Research at the University of Michigan
L. Henry Whelchel is Associate Professor of Religion and Department Chair at Clark-Atlanta University
Carolyn Williams is Associate Professor of History at the University of North Florida
Kenneth H. Williams is Associate Professor of History at Alcorn State University
Lawrence H. Williams is Professor of History at Luther College
Lee E. Williams II is Professor of History and Director of the Multicultural Center at the University of Alabama in Huntsville
Wanda T. Williams is a television reporter for WATE-TV in Knoxville, Tennessee
Alan Scot Willis is Visiting Assistant Professor of History at Texas A&M University at Corpus Christi
Paul J. Wilson is Assistant Professor of History at Nicholls State University
Komozi Woodard is Associate Professor of History at Sarah Lawrence College


Reviews 3

Booklist Review

Malcolm X has been dead for more than 37 years and is part of the pantheon of murdered American leaders, becoming one of the most controversial and heroic figures of the twentieth century. The Malcolm X Encyclopedia is the most comprehensive resource on this historic figure. The major section of the volume consists of 500 essays that create a cross-disciplinary, textured description of the man, his life, his times, and events. The essays are written by 70 contributors representing a wide range of educators and scholars from all over the country but also including graduate students, middle-school administrators, high-school teachers, and even a baseball media consultant. Topics include African nationalism, Civil rights movement, Police brutality, Socialism, and White liberals, among others. Also included are a detailed chronology as well as several thematic essays that provide a framework for the entries that follow. Among these introductory essays are "Elijah Muhammad Sr." and "Malcolm X and the Role of Women." All encyclopedia entries have a short bibliography, but there is an extensive bibliography of books, articles, newspapers, electronic resources, and oral interviews included as a separate section in the volume. The editors state up front that with so many contributors on the subject of one man there is bound to be duplication among the entries. Where the duplication was redundant, they endeavored to eliminate it; where the duplication served to provide insight, substance, and greater understanding, the passages were left in place. For the public library reference collection, one must consider whether The Malcolm X Encyclopedia would not duplicate what might be found in other standard African American reference resources. But considering the stature of the subject and the ongoing interest on the part of the general public and students (as seen in more than 150 Web sites and several thousand Web pages devoted to him), the encyclopedia would add a first-stop resource for library users seeking information on this important figure of contemporary American history.


Library Journal Review

Tracing Malcolm X (1919-65) as he was in life and has become in death, Mississippi State University historian Jenkins and political scientist Tryman offer the first encyclopedic treatment of the man and the myth. The preface and introduction are followed by 11 introductory essays that are 1000 to 3000 words in length. These, and the more than 500 entries that follow, represent the work of 70 contributors from a wide range of fields (e.g., psychology, education, sociology). The work as a whole seeks to define and develop aspects of the world Malcolm inhabited and influenced, from his boyhood in Nebraska and Michigan to his internationally recognized leadership, which made him a cultural icon. While immediately useful as a ready-reference tool, the work suffers from an apparent lack of focus, cohesion, and consistency among the essays and the encyclopedic entries. This exacerbates the difficulties in capturing the scope and substance of so wide-ranging a figure as Malcolm X. Too many of the entry topics, such as Malcolm as "fund-raiser" or "journalist" or "speaker," appear impossibly broad for the treatment provided. Given the renewed and rapidly expanding interest in Malcolm X, this should be a handy, albeit flawed, reference, but it needs immediate and major revision. For general reference, biography, and African American collections. Thomas J. Davis, Arizona State Univ., Tempe (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

The first major reference work concerning the life and career of Malcolm X, this encyclopedia explores the slain African American Muslim leader's revolutionary and often misunderstood philosophies as well as the people, places, and events that surrounded and influenced him. It goes a step further, providing information about the people, events, and movements that were in turn influenced by Malcolm X during his lifetime and since his assassination. Over 500 highly readable essays, contributed by roughly 80 scholars, journalists, and others, arranged alphabetically, include selected bibliographies, cross-references, several illustrations, a chronology, and ten more substantial "theme essays." Many prominent scholars in African-American studies are conspicuously absent from the contributor's list, although this does not degrade the integrity of the work. Access by essay headword is generally good but is sometimes made difficult by the use of complex or vague terminology (e.g., "Malcolm's Musical World," "Reefer"). This shortcoming is compensated by an extensive and clearly organized index. Recommended for all academic levels studying Malcolm X, particularly as a companion to his autobiography and speeches. B. D. Singleton California State University--San Bernardino


Table of Contents

Hanes WaltonIrvin D. SolomonNancy-Elizabeth FitchMamie LockeNajee E. MuhammadLauren LarsenRobert L. Jenkins and Mfanya Donald TrymanRobert L. JenkinsMfanya Donald Tryman and Lawrence H. WilliamsAbdul AlkalimatMfanya Donald Tryman and Robert L. Jenkins
Prefacep. vii
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Chronologyp. xv
Introductionp. 1
Theme Essaysp. 13
Elijah Muhammad, Sr.p. 13
Nation of Islamp. 16
Malcolm X and the Role of Womenp. 23
"Message to the Grass Roots"p. 25
Coalition Buildingp. 27
"The Ballot or the Bullet"p. 33
Malcolm X and the "Long Hot Summers"p. 38
Conspiracy Theories of the Assassination of Malcolm Xp. 42
Malcolm X in Cyberspacep. 46
Malcolm X--Lessons from the Legacyp. 50
The Encyclopediap. 55
Bibliographyp. 587
Indexp. 611
About the Contributorsp. 639

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