Cover image for Black & white photography
Title:
Black & white photography
Author:
Rand, Glenn.
Personal Author:
Edition:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Australia ; Albany : Delmar Thomson Learning, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
xii, 340 pages : illustrations ; 22 x 28 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
Contents:
Ch. 1. Cameras -- Ch. 2. The lens -- Ch. 3. Film -- Ch. 4. Exposure -- Ch. 5. Film processing -- Ch. 6. Printing -- Ch. 7. Finishing -- Ch. 8. Composition and communication -- Ch. 9. Light, lighting, and filters -- Ch. 10. Advanced printing -- Ch. 11. Manipulative techniques -- Ch. 12. The view camera -- Ch. 13. Advanced control of film -- Ch. 14. The zone system -- Ch. 15. Digital imaging -- Ch. 16. Exhibition, portfolio, and reproduction -- Milestones in the history of photography.
Subject Term:
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780766818170
Format :
Book

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Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library TR146 .R35 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Oversize
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Summary

Summary

Black and White Photography, 2E provides readers with the how-to and reference information they need to learn to compose, develop, and exhibit their own first-rate photographs. An ideal resource for beginners, this edition features over 300 pages of detailed information supported by easy-to-understand diagrams and examples of some of the world's best black-and-white photographs.The logical, three-part organization-based on the authors' 20+ years of teaching experience-progresses from the most basic aspects of black-and-white photography through coverage of Zone System and other advanced techniques. All-new chapters on manipulative printing techniques and digital photographic technology ensure that readers are exposed to state-of-the-art techniques while en route to becoming skilled photographers.


Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Chapter 1 Camerasp. 3
Viewfinder Camerap. 8
Rangefinder Camerap. 10
Single-Lens Reflex Camerap. 13
Twin-Lens Reflex Camerap. 23
View Camerap. 24
Non-Traditional Camerasp. 24
Panorama and Circuit Camerasp. 24
Pinhole Camerasp. 24
Plastic Lens Camerasp. 24
Camera Supportp. 26
Shutter Release Devicesp. 27
Chapter 2 The Lensp. 29
Focal Lengthp. 34
F-Stopsp. 36
Aperturep. 36
Lens Speedp. 39
Inverse Square Lawp. 41
Depth of Fieldp. 42
Controlling Depth of Fieldp. 42
Determining Depth of Fieldp. 45
Focusing for Maximum Depth of Fieldp. 46
Using Depth of Fieldp. 48
Perspectivep. 48
Wide-Angle Distortionp. 48
Telephoto Effectp. 48
Lens Hoodp. 48
Chapter 3 Filmp. 51
Film Exposurep. 52
Film Choicesp. 53
Speedp. 53
Graininessp. 54
Other Basic Characteristicsp. 54
Film Constructionp. 56
Emulsionp. 56
Support, Adhesives, and Coatingsp. 58
Chromogenic Black-and-White Filmp. 61
Polaroidp. 61
Black-and-White Transparenciesp. 61
Chapter 4 Exposurep. 63
Nonmetered Exposurep. 64
Metered Exposurep. 66
Light Metersp. 68
Through-the-Lens and Handheld Metersp. 68
Incident- and Reflected-Light Metersp. 69
Reflected-Light Meteringp. 70
Averaging Metersp. 70
Average Value Meteringp. 71
Substitution Meteringp. 74
Incident-Light Metering Methodsp. 76
Equivalent Exposuresp. 79
Law of Reciprocityp. 79
Chapter 5 Film Processingp. 81
The Basicsp. 82
Developingp. 84
Darkrooms and Developing Tanksp. 84
Chemicalsp. 87
Timingp. 88
Temperaturep. 88
Loading and Agitation Techniquesp. 89
Replenisherp. 90
Stoppingp. 90
Fixingp. 91
Washingp. 93
Dryingp. 94
Storingp. 95
Chromogenic Processingp. 96
Reversal Processingp. 96
Chapter 6 Printingp. 99
The Darkroomp. 100
The Dry Areap. 102
The Wet Areap. 104
Chemicals and Processing Stepsp. 106
Developingp. 109
Stoppingp. 109
Fixing and Inspectionp. 109
Hypo Clearingp. 110
Final Washingp. 110
Dryingp. 110
Papersp. 112
Graded Papersp. 112
Multicontrast Papersp. 114
Contact Sheetsp. 117
Proof Printsp. 120
Dodging and Burningp. 121
Chapter 7 Finishingp. 125
Spotting Printsp. 127
Correcting Surface Blemishesp. 128
Retouching Negativesp. 128
Placing Prints on a Presentation Boardp. 130
Mounting Boardsp. 130
Optical Centeringp. 131
Dry Mountingp. 133
Other Mounting Systemsp. 136
Overmattingp. 137
Chapter 8 Composition and Communicationp. 141
Compositionp. 142
Principles of Compositionp. 142
Design Elementsp. 149
Communicationp. 153
Perceptionp. 153
Symbolsp. 157
Chapter 9 Light, Lighting, and Filtersp. 159
Definition of Lightp. 161
Quality of Lightp. 162
Types of Lightp. 166
Natural Lightp. 166
Continuous Lightp. 170
Electronic Flashp. 172
Exposure with Flashp. 176
Filtersp. 177
Absorption Filtersp. 177
Interference Filtersp. 182
Special Effects Filtersp. 184
Filter Factorp. 184
Chapter 10 Advanced Printingp. 187
Multiple-Filter Printingp. 188
Contrast Reductionp. 190
Contrast Increasep. 192
Split Developers and Water Bath Developmentp. 194
Enlarger Effectsp. 196
Chapter 11 Manipulative Techniquesp. 199
Methods of Manipulating Photographsp. 200
Direct Processesp. 200
Photogramsp. 200
Multiple Exposurep. 202
Sandwiched Negativesp. 206
Sabattierp. 209
Intermediate Processesp. 209
Negative Printingp. 209
High Contrastp. 210
Bas Reliefp. 210
Tone Linep. 211
Posterizationp. 211
Chapter 12 The View Camerap. 215
View Camera Partsp. 216
View Camera Typesp. 219
View Camera Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 220
View Camera Setupp. 220
View Camera Lens and Shutterp. 222
View Camera Filmp. 224
View Camera Film Holdersp. 225
Sheet Film Holdersp. 225
Instant Film Holdersp. 227
Factory-Loaded Film Holdersp. 228
View Camera Movementsp. 230
Rise-Fallp. 230
Shiftp. 231
Tiltp. 231
Swingp. 231
Control of the Plane of Focus for Overall Image Sharpnessp. 232
Parallel planesp. 232
Scheimpflugp. 233
Control of the Rear Standard for Subject Size Relationshipp. 234
Bellows Compensation and the Inverse Square Lawp. 236
Sheet Film Processingp. 239
Dip-and-Dunk Processingp. 239
Tray Processingp. 241
Rotary Tube Processingp. 242
Chapter 13 Advanced Control of Filmp. 245
Dodging Exposurep. 246
Flashing Filmp. 247
Film Characteristic Curvesp. 247
Creation of the Curvep. 248
Parts of the Curvep. 249
Film Speed Testingp. 252
Exposure-Processing Controlp. 256
Development Controlp. 259
Zone Placementp. 262
Chapter 14 The Zone Systemp. 267
Previsualizationp. 268
Back to the Zone Systemp. 270
Print Valuesp. 271
Texture and Detailp. 271
Calculating the Systemp. 273
N+ Developmentp. 276
The Effect of N+1 Developmentp. 276
The Effect of N+2 Developmentp. 276
N-Developmentp. 277
The Effect of N-1 Developmentp. 277
The Effect of N-2 Developmentp. 277
Chapter 15 Digital Imagingp. 279
Digital Capturep. 280
Very large Printsp. 284
Digital Image Processingp. 284
Digital Outputsp. 286
Uses for Digital Imagingp. 289
Chapter 16 Exhibition, Portfolio, and Reproductionp. 293
Exhibitionp. 294
Print Sizep. 294
Consistencyp. 296
Sizep. 297
Exhibition Lightingp. 301
Print Finishingp. 301
Portfoliop. 305
Reproductionp. 307
Milestones in the History of Photographyp. 309
Photographersp. 319
Glossaryp. 321
Indexp. 333

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