Cover image for Biology
Title:
Biology
Author:
Robinson, Richard, 1956-
Publication Information:
New York : Macmillan Reference USA, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
4 volumes : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
v. 1. A-D -- v. 2. E-H -- v. 3. I-Po -- v. 4. Pr-Z.
Subject Term:
ISBN:
9780028655512

9780028655529

9780028655567

9780028655536

9780028655543

9780028655550
Format :
Book

Available:*

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Central Library QH307.2 .B556 2002 V.2 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference
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Central Library QH307.2 .B556 2002 V.4 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference
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Central Library QH307.2 .B556 2002 V.1 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference
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Summary

Summary

In addition to explaining biological concepts, Biology reviews the history of science, explores related fields, discusses critical issues such as embryogenesis and commercial applications of research in biology and addresses ethical issues.


Summary

Animal Sciences brings together a wide range of scientific, historical and cultural information about the animal world. In addition to covering biological concepts, the history of zoology, biographies of scientists in the field, and ethical issues, such as the practice of animal experimentation, it also covers careers in the animal sciences.


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Part of the Macmillan Science Library series, Biologyserves students from middle school to the undergraduate level. It provides 432 signed entries on a broad range of topics pertaining to biology, including basic concepts (Antibody, Genetic code, Nervous systems, Wetlands); history of the science (Crick, Francis; History of medicine); related fields (Agronomist, Emergency medical technician); and issues (Environmental health, Genetic control and development)as well as topics of interest to young adults, such as smoking, birth control, alcohol, and STDs. Emphasis is on molecular genetics, human physiology, and biodiversity. The articles range in length from a few paragraphs to a few pages. They appear in alphabetical order, and each concludes with see alsoreferences as well as suggestions for further reading, including Web sites. Helpful reference tools appear in the front matter of each volume, among them a geologic timescale, a metric conversion table, and diagrams of a typical plant and animal cell. Some 550 words appear in bold type in the text and are defined in the page margins as well as in a glossary. Each of the volumes contains a topic outline and index, and a cumulative index is found in volume 4. The eye-pleasing layout features many colorful photographs and diagrams that will appeal to casual browsers, and the articles contain more than enough information to meet the needs of students. This informative set is highly recommended and would be a useful addition to a middle- or high-school library as well as a public library. RBB.


Booklist Review

This encyclopedia set, part of the Macmillan Science Library series, is designed to accommodate middle-school students through college undergraduates. The work contains approximately 300 signed entries on a variety of topics relating to animal science, including animal development, functions, behavior, ecology, and evolution. The connection between animals and humans is also explored in entries such as Animal testing,Apiculture,and Domestic animals. Also included are biographies of noted scientists who have made "significant contributions" to the field (for example, Henry Walter Bates, Rachel Carson, Gregor Mendel) as well as introductions to career opportunities in the related disciplines. Articles appear in alphabetical order and range in length from several paragraphs to several pages. All are accompanied by see alsoreferences and further reading suggestions (including Web sites). Each volume begins with a complete table of contents, a geological time scale, five- and six-kingdom classification comparisons, a phylogenetic tree of life, and a chart of measurements, abbreviations, and conversions. Each concludes with a topic outline, an index (volume 4 contains a cumulative index), and a 600-plus-word glossary. Articles are clear and well written, and the appealing layout includes many colorful photographs, diagrams, and sidebars. Words highlighted in the text are defined in page margins (in addition to the glossary). This set contains sufficient information to serve the needs of a variety of student users and will appeal to the casual browser as well. Attractive and informative, it is highly recommended and would serve junior- or senior-high-school, general undergraduate, and public libraries well. RBB.


Excerpts

Excerpts

Biology is the study of how living things function, how they relate to one another, and how they evolved. Because living things vary greatly in how they live and how they developed, the field of biology is broken into many distinct specialty areas, including microbiology, plant and animal physiology, ecology, epidemiology, cell biology, and marine biology. Biologists play an important role in research to fight diseases and develop life-improving technologies.Careers in Focus: Biology, Third Edition explores 20 careers in this important and rapidly growing scientific field.Job profiles include:AstrobiologistsBiochemistsBiotechnology patent lawyersCytotechnologistsEthnoscientistsGenetic scientistsMarine biologistsNaturalistsToxicologistsZoologists. Excerpted from Careers in Focus - Biology by Ferguson All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

Volume 1 Prefacep. v
For Your Referencep. vii
List of Contributorsp. xiii
Active Transportp. 1
Adaptationp. 3
Adrenal Glandp. 5
Aging, Biology ofp. 7
Agriculturep. 10
Agronomistp. 13
AIDSp. 14
Alcohol and Healthp. 17
Algaep. 20
Alternation of Generationsp. 22
Amino Acidp. 24
Amniote Eggp. 25
Amphibianp. 26
Anabolic Steroidsp. 27
Anatomy of Plantsp. 29
Angiospermsp. 31
Animaliap. 34
Annelidp. 36
Antibodies in Researchp. 37
Antibodyp. 39
Antisense Nucleotidesp. 41
Arachnidp. 42
Archaeap. 43
Arthropodp. 46
Autoimmune Diseasep. 47
Bacterial Cellp. 48
Bacterial Diseasesp. 52
Bacterial Geneticsp. 53
Bacterial Virusesp. 58
Beer-making, Biology ofp. 59
Behavior, Genetic Basis ofp. 60
Behavior Patternsp. 63
Biochemistp. 65
Biodiversityp. 66
Biogeochemical Cyclesp. 68
Biogeographyp. 70
Bioinformaticsp. 71
Biological Weaponsp. 74
Biologyp. 76
Biology of Racep. 77
Biomep. 79
Biotechnologyp. 80
Birdp. 80
Birth Controlp. 82
Bloodp. 84
Blood Clottingp. 86
Blood Sugar Regulationp. 87
Blood Vesselsp. 89
Body Cavitiesp. 91
Bonep. 93
Bony Fishp. 95
Botanistp. 96
Brainp. 97
Bryophytesp. 104
Buffon, Count (Georges-Louis Leclerc)p. 106
C4 and CAM Plantsp. 107
Cambrian Explosionp. 108
Cancerp. 110
Carbohydratesp. 112
Carbon Cyclep. 114
Cardiovascular Diseasesp. 115
Carson, Rachelp. 117
Cartilaginous Fishp. 118
Cellp. 119
Cell Culturep. 122
Cell Cyclep. 124
Cell Divisionp. 127
Cell Evolutionp. 127
Cell Junctionsp. 129
Cell Motilityp. 130
Cell Wallp. 132
Central Nervous Systemp. 134
Chemoreceptionp. 135
Chloroplastp. 137
Chordatap. 138
Chromosome Aberrationsp. 139
Chromosome, Eukaryoticp. 143
Circulatory Systemsp. 149
Clinical Trialsp. 151
Clonep. 152
Cnidarianp. 155
Coffee, Botany ofp. 155
College Professorp. 156
Communityp. 157
Competitionp. 159
Conifersp. 162
Connective Tissuep. 164
Conservationp. 165
Control of Gene Expressionp. 170
Control Mechanismsp. 177
Convergent Evolutionp. 181
Coral Reefp. 183
Creationismp. 185
Crick, Francisp. 187
Crocodiliansp. 188
Crustaceanp. 189
Cyanobacteriap. 190
Cytokinesisp. 191
Cytoskeletonp. 193
Darwin, Charlesp. 197
De Saussure, Nicolas-Theodorep. 199
Dentistp. 200
Desertp. 201
Desertificationp. 204
Developmentp. 205
Differentiation in Plantsp. 212
Digestionp. 217
Digestive Systemp. 219
Diseasep. 221
DNAp. 222
DNA Sequencingp. 224
DNA Virusesp. 227
Doctor, Family Practicep. 228
Doctor, Specialistp. 229
Drug Testingp. 232
Dubos, Renep. 233
Photo and Illustration Creditsp. 235
Glossaryp. 243
Topic Outlinep. 263
Indexp. 273
Volume 2 For Your Referencep. v
Echinodermp. 1
Ecological Research, Long-Termp. 3
Ecologyp. 4
Ecology, History ofp. 5
Ecosystemp. 7
Electron Microscopyp. 10
Electrophoresisp. 13
Emergency Medical Technicianp. 15
Endangered Speciesp. 16
Endocrine Systemp. 18
Endocytosisp. 22
Endoplasmic Reticulump. 25
Entomologistp. 27
Environmental Healthp. 28
Enzymesp. 29
Epidemiologistp. 36
Epitheliump. 37
Estuariesp. 38
Ethnobotanyp. 40
Eubacteriap. 41
Eudicotsp. 43
Evolutionp. 44
Evolution, Evidence forp. 52
Evolution of Plantsp. 55
Excretory Systemsp. 60
Exocytosisp. 62
Extinctionp. 64
Extracellular Matrixp. 68
Extreme Communitiesp. 69
Eyep. 72
Feeding Strategiesp. 74
Female Reproductive Systemp. 77
Fetal Development, Humanp. 81
Field Studies in Animal Behaviorp. 85
Field Studies in Plant Ecologyp. 87
Fire Ecologyp. 89
Flightp. 91
Flowersp. 93
Forensic DNA Analysisp. 94
Forest, Borealp. 97
Forest, Temperatep. 99
Forest, Tropicalp. 101
Foresterp. 105
Fruitsp. 105
Fungal Diseasesp. 108
Fungip. 109
Gas Exchangep. 114
Genep. 117
Gene Therapyp. 124
Genetic Analysisp. 125
Genetic Codep. 129
Genetic Control of Developmentp. 131
Genetic Counselorp. 135
Genetic Diseasesp. 136
Genomep. 140
Genomicsp. 141
Global Climate Changep. 145
Glycolysis and Fermentationp. 148
Golgip. 150
Grainp. 153
Grassesp. 155
Grasslandp. 156
Gray, Asap. 158
Growthp. 158
Gymnospermsp. 161
Habitatp. 163
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibriump. 164
Harvey, Williamp. 166
Healthp. 167
Health and Safety Officerp. 169
Hearingp. 169
Heart and Circulationp. 172
Herbal Medicinep. 176
Herbivory and Plant Defensesp. 178
High School Biology Teacherp. 180
History of Agriculturep. 180
History of Biology: Biochemistryp. 182
History of Biology: Cell Theory and Cell Structurep. 186
History of Biology: Inheritancep. 189
History of Evolutionary Thoughtp. 192
History of Medicinep. 196
History of Plant Physiologyp. 198
Homeostasisp. 201
Hormonesp. 203
Hormones, Plantp. 206
Horticulturistp. 208
Human Evolutionp. 208
Human Genome Projectp. 212
Human Nutritionp. 217
Human Populationp. 219
Hybridizationp. 220
Hybridization, Plantp. 221
Hypothalamusp. 222
Photo and Illustration Creditsp. 227
Glossaryp. 235
Topic Outlinep. 255
Indexp. 265
Volume 3 For Your Referencep. v
Imaging in Medicinep. 1
Immune Responsep. 4
Ingenhousz, Janp. 7
Insectp. 7
Invasive Speciesp. 10
Ion Channelsp. 12
Kidneyp. 15
Kingdomp. 17
Krebs Cyclep. 18
Laboratory Technicianp. 20
Lakes and Pondsp. 21
Lamarck, Jean-Baptistep. 23
Landscape Ecologyp. 24
Leakey Familyp. 26
Learningp. 26
Leavesp. 28
Leeuwenhoek, Antony vonp. 30
Lichenp. 31
Life Cycle, Humanp. 32
Life Cyclesp. 34
Life, What Isp. 37
Light Microscopyp. 38
Limnologistp. 42
Linkage and Gene Mappingp. 42
Linnaeus, Carolusp. 47
Lipidsp. 48
Liverp. 50
Locomotionp. 50
Lymphatic Systemp. 52
Lysosomesp. 54
Male Reproductive Systemp. 56
Mammalp. 59
Marine Biologistp. 60
Marsupialp. 62
Mating Systemsp. 62
McClintock, Barbarap. 64
Medical Assistantp. 65
Medical/Science Illustratorp. 65
Meiosisp. 66
Membrane Proteinsp. 70
Membrane Structurep. 73
Membrane Transportp. 76
Mendel, Gregorp. 80
Meristemsp. 81
Metabolism, Cellularp. 84
Metabolism, Humanp. 87
Microbiologistp. 90
Microscopistp. 91
Migrationp. 92
Mimicry, Camouflage, and Warning Colorationp. 93
Mitochondrionp. 94
Mitosisp. 98
Model Organisms: Cell Biology and Geneticsp. 101
Model Organisms: Physiology and Medicinep. 102
Molluskp. 105
Monocotsp. 106
Monotremep. 108
Musclep. 108
Musculoskeletal Systemp. 112
Mutationp. 115
Mycorrhizaep. 119
Natural Selectionp. 121
Nematodep. 124
Nervous Systemsp. 125
Neurologic Diseasesp. 129
Neuronp. 131
Nitrogen Cyclep. 135
Nitrogen Fixationp. 136
Nonspecific Defensep. 138
Nuclear Transportp. 140
Nucleolusp. 142
Nucleotidesp. 144
Nucleusp. 145
Nursep. 148
Nurse Practitionersp. 148
Nutritionistp. 149
Ocean Ecosystems: Hard Bottomsp. 150
Ocean Ecosystems: Open Oceanp. 151
Ocean Ecosystems: Soft Bottomsp. 153
Oncogenes and Cancer Cellsp. 154
Organp. 158
Organellep. 159
Organic Agriculturep. 159
Origin of Lifep. 161
Osmoregulationp. 165
Oxidative Phosphorylationp. 168
Painp. 170
Paleontologyp. 171
Pancreasp. 173
Parasitic Diseasesp. 174
Pasteur, Louisp. 176
Patterns of Inheritancep. 177
Pauling, Linusp. 184
Pedigrees and Modes of Inheritancep. 186
Peripheral Nervous Systemp. 189
Peroxisomesp. 191
Pharmaceutical Sales Representativep. 192
Pharmacologistp. 192
Pheromonep. 193
Photoperiodismp. 195
Photosynthesisp. 196
Physical Therapist and Occupational Therapistp. 200
Physician Assistantp. 201
Physiological Ecologyp. 202
Pituitary Glandp. 205
Planktonp. 205
Plantp. 207
Plant Developmentp. 208
Plant Nutritionp. 214
Plant Pathogens and Pestsp. 216
Plant Pathologistp. 219
Plasma Membranep. 220
Platyhelminthesp. 222
Poisonous Plantsp. 223
Poisonsp. 224
Pollination and Fertilizationp. 227
Pollution and Bioremediationp. 228
Polymerase Chain Reactionp. 232
Population Dynamicsp. 233
Population Geneticsp. 235
Poriferap. 239
Porter, Keithp. 240
Photo and Illustration Creditsp. 243
Glossaryp. 251
Topic Outlinep. 271
Indexp. 281
Volume 4 For Your Referencep. v
Predation and Defensep. 1
Primatep. 4
Prionp. 5
Propagationp. 6
Protein Structurep. 7
Protein Synthesisp. 13
Protein Targetingp. 19
Protistap. 21
Protozoap. 23
Protozoan Diseasesp. 26
Psychiatric Disorders, Biology ofp. 27
Psychiatristp. 30
Psychoactive Drugsp. 31
Pteridophytesp. 33
Public Health Careersp. 35
Radiation Hybrid Mappingp. 36
Radionuclidesp. 38
Recombinant DNAp. 38
Remote Sensingp. 46
Replicationp. 47
Reproduction in Plantsp. 52
Reproductive Technologyp. 60
Reptilep. 62
Respirationp. 63
Retrovirusp. 66
Reverse Transcriptasep. 68
Rhythms of Plant Lifep. 69
Ribosomep. 71
Rivers and Streamsp. 73
RNAp. 75
RNA Processingp. 77
Rootsp. 78
Scalingp. 81
Science Writerp. 83
Secondary Metabolites in Plantsp. 84
Seed Germination and Dormancyp. 86
Seedless Vascular Plantsp. 88
Seedsp. 89
Senescencep. 91
Separation and Purification of Biomoleculesp. 93
Sex Chromosomesp. 94
Sex Determinationp. 96
Sexual Reproductionp. 98
Sexual Reproduction, Evolution ofp. 101
Sexual Selectionp. 104
Sexually Transmitted Diseasesp. 106
Shootsp. 110
Signaling and Signal Transductionp. 112
Skeletonsp. 118
Skinp. 120
Sleepp. 121
Slime Moldsp. 124
Smoking and Healthp. 126
Social Behaviorp. 127
Sociobiologyp. 131
Soilp. 132
Speciationp. 134
Speciesp. 136
Spinal Cordp. 137
Stress Responsep. 139
Structure Determinationp. 141
Symbiosisp. 142
Synaptic Transmissionp. 145
T Cellsp. 148
Taxonomy, History ofp. 151
Temperature Regulationp. 154
Theoretical Ecologyp. 157
Thyroid Glandp. 158
Tissuep. 159
Torrey, Johnp. 160
Touchp. 161
Transcriptionp. 162
Transfer RNAp. 166
Transgenic Techniquesp. 167
Translocationp. 168
Transplant Medicinep. 172
Transposonp. 174
Tropisms and Nastic Movementsp. 175
Tuatarap. 176
Tundrap. 177
Tunicatep. 178
Turtlep. 179
Vaccinesp. 180
Vacuolep. 182
van Helmont, Janp. 183
Vavilov, Nikolayp. 183
Vesalius, Andreasp. 184
Veterinarianp. 185
Viral Diseasesp. 186
Virusp. 187
Visionp. 188
Vitamins and Coenzymesp. 190
von Humboldt, Alexanderp. 192
Waterp. 192
Water Cyclep. 193
Water Movement in Plantsp. 193
Watson, Jamesp. 196
Wetlandsp. 197
Wildlife Biologistp. 199
Wine-making, Botany ofp. 200
Wood and Wood Productsp. 201
Zoologyp. 204
Zoology Researcherp. 204
Photo and Illustration Creditsp. 207
Glossaryp. 215
Topic Outlinep. 235
Cumulative Indexp. 245
Volume 1 Prefacep. V
Geological Time Scalep. VII
Comparison of the Five- and Six-Kingdom Classification of Organismsp. VIII
Phylogenetic Tree of Lifep. IX
Measurements and Abbreviationsp. X
List of Contributorsp. XII
Absorptionp. 1
Acoustic Signalsp. 3
Adaptationp. 6
African Cichlid Fishesp. 8
Aggressionp. 10
Agnathap. 13
Allometryp. 14
Altruismp. 17
Amphibiap. 19
Animalp. 23
Animal Rightsp. 24
Animal Testingp. 28
Annelidap. 30
Antibodyp. 33
Antlers and Hornsp. 35
Apiculturep. 36
Aposematismp. 38
Aquaculturep. 41
Aristotlep. 44
Arthropodap. 46
Avesp. 52
Bailey, Florence Augusta Merriamp. 57
Bates, Henry Walterp. 58
Behaviorp. 59
Behavioral Ecologyp. 62
Binomial (Linnaean System)p. 64
Biodiversityp. 65
Bioethicsp. 69
Biogeographyp. 73
Biological Evolutionp. 74
Biological Pest Controlp. 78
Biomassp. 82
Biomechanicsp. 83
Biomesp. 85
Biometryp. 93
Biotic Factorsp. 95
Bloodp. 97
Body Cavitiesp. 99
Body Planp. 105
Bonep. 110
Burgess Shale and Ediacaran Faunasp. 112
Cambrian Explosionp. 115
Cambrian Periodp. 118
Camouflagep. 120
Cancerp. 122
Carboniferousp. 126
Carson, Rachelp. 128
Cartilagep. 129
Catadromous--Diadromous and Anadromous Fishesp. 130
Cell Divisionp. 133
Cellsp. 135
Cephalizationp. 137
Cephalochordatap. 140
Cestodap. 141
Chitinp. 142
Chondricthyesp. 144
Chordatap. 147
Circadian Rhythmp. 149
Circulatory Systemp. 151
Classification Systemsp. 153
Cnidariap. 154
Coevolutionp. 157
Colonizationp. 162
Communicationp. 163
Community Ecologyp. 166
Comparative Biologyp. 170
Competitionp. 172
Competitive Exclusionp. 175
Conservation Biologyp. 176
Constraints on Animal Developmentp. 178
Continental Driftp. 180
Convergencep. 184
Courtshipp. 185
Crepuscularp. 189
Photo and Illustration Creditsp. 191
Glossaryp. 195
Topic Outlinep. 221
Volume One Indexp. 227
Volume 2 Cretaceousp. 1
Cultures and Animalsp. 3
Darwin, Charlesp. 10
DDTp. 11
Defensep. 13
Devonianp. 16
Diamond, Jaredp. 17
Digestionp. 18
Digestive Systemp. 20
Dinosaursp. 23
Diurnalp. 26
Diversity of Major Groupsp. 26
Domestic Animalsp. 27
Dominance Hierarchyp. 30
Drosophilap. 33
Echinodermatap. 35
Echolocationp. 37
Ecologistp. 40
Ecologyp. 41
Ecosystemp. 45
Eggp. 48
Elton, Charles Sutherlandp. 51
Embryologyp. 52
Embryonic Developmentp. 53
Endangered Speciesp. 61
Endocrine Systemp. 64
Endosymbiosisp. 68
Entomologyp. 71
Environmentp. 73
Environmental Degradationp. 74
Environmental Impactp. 78
Environmental Lawyerp. 82
Ethologyp. 82
Eukaryotap. 83
Evolutionary Stable Strategyp. 85
Excretory and Reproductive Systemsp. 87
Exotic Speciesp. 90
Expenditure Per Progenyp. 95
Extinctionp. 97
Extremophilep. 102
Farmerp. 104
Farmingp. 104
Fausto-Sterling, Annep. 109
Feedingp. 110
Feeding Strategiesp. 113
Fertilizationp. 116
Fitnessp. 118
Flightp. 120
Food Webp. 126
Foraging Strategiesp. 129
Fossey, Dianp. 131
Fossil Fuelsp. 132
Fossil Recordp. 135
Functional Morphologistp. 136
Functional Morphologyp. 137
Genesp. 139
Genetic Engineeringp. 146
Genetic Variation in a Populationp. 151
Genetically Engineered Foodsp. 155
Geneticistp. 157
Geneticsp. 158
Geological Time Scalep. 162
Gillsp. 163
Gliding and Parachutingp. 165
Global Warmingp. 166
Goodall, Janep. 170
Gould, Steven Jayp. 172
Growth And Differentiation of the Nervous Systemp. 173
Habitatp. 177
Habitat Lossp. 179
Photo and Illustration Creditsp. 187
Glossaryp. 191
Topic Outlinep. 217
Volume Two Indexp. 223
Volume 3 Habitat Restorationp. 1
Haeckel's Law of Recapitulationp. 5
Haldane, J. B. S.p. 6
Herpetologyp. 7
Heterochronyp. 8
Home Rangep. 11
Homeostasisp. 12
Homologyp. 15
Hormonesp. 16
Horse Trainerp. 19
Horsesp. 20
Human-Animal Conflictsp. 24
Human Commensals and Mutual Organismsp. 29
Human Evolutionp. 32
Human Populationsp. 38
Hunter-Gatherersp. 43
Huntingp. 45
Icthyologyp. 48
Imprintingp. 49
Instinctp. 51
Interspecies Interactionsp. 54
Iteroparity and Semelparityp. 56
Jurassicp. 59
K/T Boundaryp. 61
Keratinp. 62
Keystone Speciesp. 64
Kingdoms of Lifep. 66
Lamarck, Jean-Baptistep. 69
Leakey, Louis and Maryp. 70
Learningp. 71
Levi-Montalcini, Ritap. 73
Life History Strategiesp. 74
Linnaeus, Carolusp. 77
Livestock Managerp. 78
Living Fossilsp. 78
Locomotionp. 82
Lorenz, Konradp. 91
MacArthur, Robertp. 92
Malariap. 93
Malthus, Thomas Robertp. 98
Mammaliap. 99
Marine Biologistp. 104
Mayr, Ernstp. 105
Medical Doctorp. 107
Mendel, Gregorp. 107
Mesenchymep. 109
Metamorphosisp. 111
Metazoanp. 113
Migrationp. 116
Mimicryp. 121
Modern Synthesisp. 123
Molecular Biologistp. 125
Molecular Biologyp. 126
Molecular Systematicsp. 127
Molluskap. 130
Moltingp. 134
Morphological Evolution in Whalesp. 136
Morphologyp. 139
Mouth, Pharynx, and Teethp. 140
Muscular Systemp. 142
Museum Curatorp. 145
Natural Resourcesp. 146
Natural Selectionp. 149
Nematodap. 150
Nervous Systemp. 153
Neuronp. 159
Nocturnalp. 162
Oligocenep. 163
Ontogenyp. 165
Ordovicianp. 166
Osteicthyesp. 167
Paleontologistp. 172
Paleontologyp. 174
Parasitismp. 175
Pasteur, Louisp. 180
PCRp. 181
Peppered Mothp. 185
Photo and Illustration Creditsp. 189
Glossaryp. 193
Topic Outlinep. 219
Volume Three Indexp. 225
Volume 4 Permianp. 1
Pesticidep. 3
Phylogenetic Relationships of Major Groupsp. 6
Phylogenetics Systematicsp. 7
Physiologistp. 9
Physiologyp. 9
Planktonp. 12
Platyhelmithesp. 13
Pleistocenep. 14
Pollutionp. 17
Population Dynamicsp. 25
Populationsp. 30
Poriferap. 34
Predationp. 36
Primatesp. 39
Prokaryotap. 42
Quaternaryp. 44
Reproduction, Asexual and Sexualp. 46
Reptiliap. 48
Respirationp. 52
Respiratory Systemp. 55
Rotiferap. 59
Scales, Feathers and Hairp. 60
Scientific Illustratorp. 63
Selective Breedingp. 64
Sense Organsp. 67
Serial Homologyp. 71
Service Animal Trainerp. 73
Sexual Dimorphismp. 74
Sexual Selectionp. 76
Shellsp. 80
Silent Springp. 82
Silurianp. 83
Simpson, George Gaylordp. 85
Skeletonsp. 86
Social Animalsp. 89
Socialityp. 94
Sociobiologyp. 96
Spontaneous Generationp. 97
Stevens, Nettie Mariap. 98
Sustainable Agriculturep. 99
Systematistp. 102
Taxonomistp. 103
Taxonomyp. 104
Territorialityp. 106
Tertiaryp. 107
Tetropods--From Water to Landp. 110
Threatened Speciesp. 113
Tool Usep. 114
Transportp. 117
Trematodap. 122
Triassicp. 124
Trophic Levelp. 126
Turbellariap. 129
Urochordatap. 130
Vertebratap. 131
Veterinarianp. 134
Virusesp. 135
Visionp. 138
Vocalizationp. 141
Von Baer's Lawp. 143
Wallace, Alfredp. 145
Water Economy in Desert Organismsp. 146
Wild Game Managerp. 149
Wildlife Biologistp. 151
Wildlife Photographerp. 152
Wilson, E. O.p. 154
Xenopusp. 155
Zoological Parksp. 158
Zoologistp. 162
Zooplanktonp. 163
Photo and Illustration Creditsp. 167
Glossaryp. 171
Topic Outlinep. 197
Cumulative Indexp. 203

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