Cover image for Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
McElvaine, Robert S., 1947-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, 2002.
Physical Description:
xii, 369 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Format :


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Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
E807 .M37 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



Each volume in the American Presidents Reference Series is organized around an individual presidency and gathers a host of biographical, analytical, and primary source historical material that will analyze the presidency and bring the president, his administration, and his times to life. The series focuses on key moments in U.S. political history as seen through the eyes of the most influential presidents to take the oath of office. Unique headnotes provide the context to data, tables and excerpted primary source documents. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in 1882. He was elected to the New York State Senate in 1910. President Woodrow Wilson appointed him Assistant Secretary of the Navy, the same position his distant cousin Theodore Roosevelt held. He was nominated as the vice presidential candidate on the James Cox ticket in 1920, but lost overwhelmingly to Warren Harding. In 1921 he was stricken with polio, which left him severely crippled. Not deterred by his handicap he campaigned and was elected governor of New York. He became the leading Democratic candidate for the presidential election of 1932 and handily defeated Herbert Hoover. Roosevelt worked to end the depression through far-reaching federal programs that became known as the New Deal. In 1939 Germany invaded Poland and started the Second World War. Roosevelt brought the U.S. into the war following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. After an unprecedented third reelection, with Harry S. Truman as his vice president, Roosevelt began preparing the nation and the world for the post-war realities. On April 12, 1945, not long before the unconditional surrenders of Germany and Japan, Roosevelt died. This new volume on the presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt will cover: The Great Depression and The New Deal The Supreme Court World War II Global Politics

Author Notes

Robert S. McElvaine is Elizabeth Chisholm Professor of Arts and Letters and chair of the Department of History at Millsaps College

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Both volumes, part of the "American Presidents Reference Series," provide clear introductions to the executive tenures of two of our most venerated and extensively documented presidents. Six chapters offer brief overviews of their prepresidential lives, campaign issues and elections, administration policies, crises and flashpoints, and institutional relations with the military, Congress, and the press. In the final chapters, the volume on Roosevelt analyzes his place in history; the Lincoln volume explores the assassination conspiracy. Summaries in each chapter are followed by primary source documents, including materials from diaries, speeches, letters, and recollections in the subjects' own words or that of their contemporaries, known or anonymous. Appendixes introduce notable figures in each presidential era and time lines of key life events. These volumes will serve as introductions to these important presidencies; the extensive bibliographies and recommended readings can be used to explore further themes introduced here. Neither strictly biographical nor compilations of writings, these works combine original documentation and historical analysis in an accessible writing style that allows readers to identify important issues and draw conclusions about these iconic figures. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. General readers and lower-division undergraduates. K. M. Conley Illinois State University

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Introduction: The Most Important President of the Twentieth Centuryp. 3
1. From Child of Privilege to Champion of World Democracy: A Biographical Sketchp. 15
A Role Model in the Familyp. 17
The Wilson Administration and Wars Foreign and Domesticp. 20
Campaigns Against Republicans and Disease, 1920-1928p. 22
Progressive Governor and Presidential Aspirant, 1929-1932p. 24
The First New Deal, 1933-1934p. 26
The Second New Deal and a Second Term, 1935-1938p. 27
Attention Shifts to a Different Kind of War, 1938-1941p. 28
Wartime Leader, 1941-1945p. 29
1.1 Note to His Mother, January 1888p. 33
1.2 Letter to His Parents after He Enrolled at the Groton School, September 18, 1896p. 34
1.3 Letter to His Parents from Groton, March 6, 1898p. 35
1.4 FDR's Editorial in the Harvard Crimson, September 30, 1903p. 36
1.5 Eleanor Roosevelt's Letter to FDR a Month after Their Engagement, Christmas Eve, 1903p. 37
1.6 Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to Sara Delano Roosevelt, December 2, 1903p. 37
1.7 FDR's Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt, July 16, 1917p. 38
1.8 Eleanor Roosevelt's Letter to James Roosevelt on FDR's Illness, August 23, 1921p. 39
1.9 Letter to His Mother on Progress in Regaining the Use of His Legs, February 22, 1924p. 40
1.10 Letter to His Aunt, Anna Roosevelt Sheffield, on His Work at Warm Springs, June 29, 1927p. 41
1.11 First Inaugural Address as Governor of New York, January 1, 1929p. 42
1.12 Presidential Statement Condemning German and Japanese War Crimes, March 24, 1944p. 44
2. Campaigns and Electionsp. 49
1910 State Senate Campaignp. 49
1912 State Senate Campaignp. 50
1914 U.S. Senate Campaignp. 52
1920 Vice Presidential Campaignp. 53
1928 Gubernatorial Campaignp. 53
1930 Gubernatorial Campaignp. 55
1932 Presidential Campaignp. 56
1936 Presidential Campaignp. 62
1940 Presidential Campaignp. 65
1944 Presidential Campaignp. 69
2.1 Speech at the People's Forum, Troy, New York, March 3, 1912p. 74
2.2 Address to the State Charities Aid Association, New York, January 17, 1930p. 75
2.3 Walter Lippmann, "Governor Roosevelt's Candidacy," New York Herald-Tribune, January 8, 1932p. 76
2.4 "Forgotten Man" Radio Address, April 7, 1932p. 78
2.5 Acceptance Speech at the Democratic National Convention, Chicago, July 2, 1932p. 80
2.6 Speech Accepting a Second Presidential Nomination, Philadelphia, June 27, 1936p. 86
2.7 Speech Accepting a Third Presidential Nomination, 1940p. 88
2.8 Campaign Speech, Philadelphia, October 23, 1940p. 96
2.9 Campaign Speech, Boston, October 28, 1940p. 102
2.10 News Conference, December 28, 1943p. 106
2.11 Speech Accepting a Fourth Presidential Nomination, San Diego, July 20, 1944p. 110
2.12 Speech at Teamsters Dinner, Washington, D.C., September 23, 1944p. 115
3. Administration Policiesp. 121
Domestic Policyp. 121
Economic Policyp. 127
Environmental Policyp. 130
Trade Policyp. 131
Foreign Policyp. 132
3.1 First Presidential Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933p. 141
3.2 The Social Security Act, August 14, 1935p. 144
3.3 Executive Order 8802, June 25, 1941p. 151
3.4 Statement on the Signing of the G.I. Bill of Rights, June 22, 1944p. 153
3.5 National Industrial Recovery Act, June 16, 1933p. 155
3.6 "Bombshell Message" to London Economic Conference, July 3, 1933p. 164
3.7 "Quarantine Speech," Chicago, October 5, 1937p. 165
3.8 Offer to Exchange American Destroyers for Leases on British Bases, August 13, 1940p. 169
3.9 Annual Message to Congress: "The Four Freedoms," January 6, 1941p. 170
3.10 The Atlantic Charter, August 1941p. 176
3.11 Address before Congress on the Yalta Conference, March 1, 1945p. 178
4. Crises and Flashpoints: From the Banking Crisis to Yaltap. 187
The Great Depression and the First New Dealp. 187
Continuing Economic Crisis, "Thunder on the Left," and the Second New Dealp. 194
World War IIp. 200
Envisioning a Postwar Worldp. 207
4.1 First "Fireside Chat," March 12, 1933p. 212
4.2 Letter to FDR from a Man in Columbus, Georgia, October 24, 1934p. 215
4.3 The Agricultural Adjustment Act, May 12, 1933p. 216
4.4 Message to Congress on Tax Revision, June 19, 1935p. 222
4.5 Fair Labor Standards Actp. 227
4.6 Letter from Albert Einstein to FDR, August 2, 1939p. 228
4.7 Telegram from Winston Churchill Outlining the Gravity of the War and Seeking American Assistance, December 7, 1940p. 230
4.8 Press Conference Calling for Lend-Lease Program, December 17, 1940p. 236
4.9 Message to Congress Asking for a Declaration of War, December 8, 1941p. 239
4.10 Message to Winston Churchill, December 8, 1941p. 241
4.11 Fireside Chat on the War, February 23, 1942p. 241
4.12 Executive Order 9066, February 19, 1942p. 249
4.13 FDR and Winston Churchill, Joint Press Conference at Casablanca, January 24, 1943p. 251
4.14 Anglo-American-Russian Declaration of Teheran Conference, December 1, 1943p. 254
4.15 D Day Prayer, June 6, 1944p. 256
4.16 Yalta Protocol, February 11, 1945p. 257
5. Institutional Relationsp. 267
Congressp. 267
The Supreme Courtp. 270
The Militaryp. 271
The Mediap. 274
Businessp. 275
Laborp. 277
5.1 Fireside Chat on Intervening in Democratic Congressional Primaries, June 24, 1938p. 281
5.2 Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, May 27, 1935p. 286
5.3 Fireside Chat on the Reorganization of the Judiciary, March 9, 1937p. 288
5.4 President Roosevelt's First Press Conference, March 8, 1933p. 292
5.5 Campaign Speech, New York, October 31, 1936p. 296
5.6 The National Labor Relations Act, 1935p. 298
5.7 FDR's Statement and Executive Order 9340 on the Seizure of Coal Mines, May 1, 1943p. 300
6. Roosevelt's Place in History: The Dominant Figure of the Twentieth Centuryp. 305
A Character Profilep. 306
Creating the Modern Presidency and Retooling the Federal Governmentp. 307
Civil Rights and the Women's Movementp. 309
War and the World Stagep. 310
6.1 Roosevelt in Retrospect, 1950p. 312
6.2 In the Shadow of FDR, 1983p. 316
Appendix A Notable Figures of the Roosevelt Presidencyp. 319
Appendix B Key Events in Roosevelt's Lifep. 352
Indexp. 357