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Central Library E185.61 .B728 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

After World War II the United States faced two preeminent challenges: how to administer its responsibilities abroad as the world's strongest power, and how to manage the rising movement at home for racial justice and civil rights. The effort to contain the growing influence of the Soviet Union resulted in the Cold War, a conflict that emphasized the American commitment to freedom. The absence of that freedom for nonwhite American citizens confronted the nation's leaders with an embarrassing contradiction. Racial discrimination after 1945 was a foreign as well as a domestic problem. World War II opened the door to both the U.S. civil rights movement and the struggle of Asians and Africans abroad for independence from colonial rule. America's closest allies against the Soviet Union, however, were colonial powers whose interests had to be balanced against those of the emerging independent Third World in a multiracial, anticommunist alliance. At the same time, U.S. racial reform was essential to preserve the domestic consensus needed to sustain the Cold War struggle. The Cold War and the Color Line is the first comprehensive examination of how the Cold War intersected with the final destruction of global white supremacy. Thomas Borstelmann pays close attention to the two Souths--Southern Africa and the American South--as the primary sites of white authority's last stand. He reveals America's efforts to contain the racial polarization that threatened to unravel the anticommunist western alliance. In so doing, he recasts the history of American race relations in its true international context, one that is meaningful and relevant for our own era of globalization.


Reviews 3

Publisher's Weekly Review

In rich, informing detail enlivened with telling anecdote, Cornell historian Borstelmann unites under one umbrella two commonly separated strains of the U.S. post-WWII experience: our domestic political and cultural history, where the Civil Rights movement holds center stage, and our foreign policy, where the Cold War looms largest. After moving swiftly from a 19th century where white consolidation of dominion in the American South and West coincides with Europe's conquest of Africa, and through a Second World War where German prisoners of war are better treated than black soldiers, Borstelmann follows "the nexus of race and foreign relations" through successive administrations as the Cold War develops. Readers deeply familiar with the history of race in America or American foreign policy history may find little that is news here, but by placing the Ole Miss debacle in an international context, or the Marshall Plan in a racial context; by juxtaposing the Bandung Conference and Brown v. Board of Education; by positioning a Selma, March 7, next to the March 8 arrival of marines at Danang, Borstelmann shifts the lens through which we view both the Cold War and the civil rights movement, revealing something new and provocative: the extent to which "domestic and foreign policies regarding people of color developed as two sides of the same coin" and "how those racial lenses helped shape U.S. relations with the outside world in the era of American dominance in the international sphere." No history could be more timely or more cogent. This densely detailed book, wide ranging in its sources, contains lessons that could play a vital role in reshaping American foreign and domestic policy. (Jan.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved


Library Journal Review

Borstelmann (history, Cornell Univ.; Apartheid's Reluctant Uncle) analyzes the history of white supremacy in relation to the history of the Cold War, with particular emphasis on both African Americans and Africa. In a book that makes a good supplement to Mary Dudziak's Cold War Civil Rights: Race and Image of American Democracy (LJ 11/15/00), he dissects the history of U.S. domestic race relations and foreign relations over the past half-century. Like Dudziak, he contends that continuing racial injustice in the United States was not in America's best interest during this era. The Communists competed with Americans for the friendship of the new nonwhite nations in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia during the Cold War, when America's commitment to freedom abroad conflicted with the absence of freedom for people of color at home. Interestingly, both Borstelmann and Dudziak approach the Civil Rights Movement as international history rather than just American history. This book provides new insights into the dynamics of American foreign policy and international affairs and will undoubtedly be a useful and welcome addition to the literature on U.S. foreign policy and race relations. Recommended for academic and large public libraries. Edward G. McCormack, Univ. of Southern Mississippi Gulf Coast Lib., Long Beach (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

Promising an interesting merger of American domestic and foreign policy, Borstelmann (Cornell Univ.) contends that the racial policies of the US hampered its attempts to forge an anticommunist alliance with the Third World during the Cold War. However, the author's heavy reliance on material from presidential libraries, coupled with a lack of African and civil rights archival sources, renders his account one-dimensional. He does demonstrate that each postwar president, despite varying degrees of sympathy for the Civil Rights Movement and the anticolonial struggles in Africa, pursued similar policies designed to avoid racial polarization while building an anticommunist consensus at home and abroad. But the story quickly becomes familiar and the account repetitive. Borstelmann's attempts to join the history of white supremacy with the history of the Cold War and to equate American policy makers with the white minority regimes of Africa also results in strained and unsupportable comparisons. Nonetheless, undergraduates and general readers should find this survey of the contradictions between the existence of segregation at home and the claim to be upholding liberty abroad a useful introduction to a subject that deserves a fuller analysis than this work provides. L. M. Lees Old Dominion University


Table of Contents

Preface
Prologue
1 Race and Foreign Relations before 1945
2 Jim Crow's Coming Out
3 The Last Hurrah of the Old Color Line
4 Revolutions in the American South and Southern Africa
5 The Perilous Path to Equality
6 The End of the Cold War and White Supremacy
Epilogue
Notes
Archives and Manuscript Collections
Index

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