Cover image for Gay and lesbian Americans and political participation : a reference handbook
Gay and lesbian Americans and political participation : a reference handbook
Smith, Raymond A., 1967-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, [2002]

Physical Description:
xviii, 339 pages ; 24 cm.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
HQ76.3.U5 S59 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



A groundbreaking volume surveying the contributions that gay and lesbian Americans have made to the democratic process.

* A collection of relevant documents includes crucial court decisions, executive orders, declarations of principles, and the coming out statement of U.S. Representative Jim Kolbe

* A resource list provides contact information for 80 national, state, and local organizations, and an annotated bibliography evaluates sources for further information

Author Notes

Raymond A. Smith is adjunct assistant professor at Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, NY.

Donald P. Haider-Markel is assistant professor of political science and director of the Survey Research Center of the Policy Reserarch Institute at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Part of ABC-CLIO's "Political Participation in America" series, this work, ambitious in scope, fulfills the promise of its title. The first five chapters offer an overview of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender demographics, a history of LGBT protest politics, descriptions of influential groups in the social movement, and information about LGBT participation in political parties and elected offices. The essays in The Columbia Reader on Lesbians & Gay Men in the Media, Society and Politics, ed. by Larry Gross and James D. Woods (1999) are more historical in scope, but Smith and Haider-Markel cover events from the Stonewall Riots (1969) to the present, focusing on political activity in the 1980s and 1990s. Extensive references for each chapter, an annotated bibliography, a dictionary of key people, laws, and terms, a resource directory, and a chronology make the book suitable for undergraduate libraries with strong LGBT or political science collections. It fits either circulating or reference collections of medium-sized or large academic libraries and is appropriate for large public libraries with LGBT communities. A. B. Johnson SUNY College at Cortland

Table of Contents

U.S. Representative Tammy BaldwinRaymond A. Smith
Forewordp. xi
Series Forewordp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
1 Overviewp. 1
Basic Definitionsp. 2
Demographicsp. 5
History of the LGBT Movementp. 9
Positioning LGBT People in U.S. Politicsp. 12
Internal Politics of the LGBT Communityp. 15
Typology of Political Viewsp. 19
Appendix: New Data on LGBT Political Participationp. 21
References and Further Readingp. 39
2 Protest Politicsp. 41
A History of LGBT Protest Politicsp. 42
The Logic of Protest: LGBT Pride Marchesp. 52
Conclusionp. 67
References and Further Readingp. 68
3 Interest Group and Social Movement Participationp. 71
The Homophile Movementp. 72
The Gay Liberation Movement and Lesbian Feminismp. 75
AIDS Activism and Assimilationp. 78
The 1990s and Beyondp. 84
Organized Local Groupsp. 87
Transgender Groupsp. 98
Organized National LGBT Groupsp. 102
National Interest Group Relationshipsp. 118
Conclusionp. 122
References and Further Readingp. 123
4 Electoral and Political Party Participationp. 129
Voting Behavior: The "Lavender Vote" Thesisp. 130
Getting Out the Votep. 134
The LGBT Vote at the Local Levelp. 142
The LGBT Vote at the State Levelp. 146
The LGBT Vote at the National Level: Congressional and Presidential Racesp. 148
Political Party Involvementp. 158
Conclusionp. 175
References and Further Readingp. 176
5 Being "Out" in Public Lifep. 183
Public Opinionp. 186
Why Does It Matter? LGBT Officials and Political Representationp. 190
Elected Officialsp. 193
Appointed Officialsp. 209
Unofficial Public Figures and Movement Leadersp. 222
Conclusionp. 229
References and Further Readingp. 230
Documentsp. 235
Bowers v. Hardwick and the Zone of Privacyp. 235
Romer v. Evans and Equal Protection under the Lawp. 239
Baker v. State (of Vermont) and Same-Sex Marriagep. 243
The Denver Principles, ACT UP, and the Politics of AIDSp. 246
Executive Orders Barring Discriminationp. 248
Pride Proclamationp. 250
Coming Out Statement of U.S. Representative Jim Kolbep. 252
Key People, Laws, and Termsp. 255
Resourcesp. 267
Selected National Groupsp. 267
Selected State and Local Groupsp. 272
Selected Information, Media, and Resourcesp. 283
Chronologyp. 285
Annotated Bibliographyp. 319
Indexp. 325
About the Authorsp. 339