Cover image for Robert Burns Woodward : architect and artist in the world of molecules
Title:
Robert Burns Woodward : architect and artist in the world of molecules
Author:
Benfey, O. Theodor (Otto Theodor), 1925-
Publication Information:
Philadelphia : Chemical Heritage Foundation, [2001]

©2001
Physical Description:
xxvii, 470 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780941901253
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Robert Burns Woodward was the star of 20th-century organic chemistry. An MIT graduate by age 19, Woodward's ingenious notions about organic synthesis and his artful methodology were astounding. This volume presents Woodward's papers and lectures - including the famous Cope lecture. It also includes commentaries and photographs.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

This collection, with commentary by Peter J.T. Morris, offers some of Robert Woodward's most seminal and stunning landmark publications in synthetic and physical organic chemistry. Although Woodward (Nobel Laureate in chemistry, 1965) published some 210 papers during his lifetime, only 22 publications are reproduced here. Morris (curator, Science Museum, London, and lecturer, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) selected papers that clearly contain important new ideas in synthesis and physical organic chemistry. Some examples: Woodward's Rules; the Octet Rules; Woodward-Hoffmann Rules; and papers on total syntheses, including those of quinine, steroids, strychnine, reserpine, chlorophyll, and vitamin B12. Also included is Woodward's remarkable and heretofore unpublished Cope Award Lecture. The Cope lecture, partly semiautobiographical, portrays the history of chemical structure from Woodward's unique point of view. In addition, the volume contains an essay by his daughter, Crystal Woodward, an artist, which treats with great sensitivity the artistic and intellectual aspects of her father's work. Several reminiscences by his contemporaries are added, giving personal glimpses into his life. Useful appendixes with complete bibliography of Woodward's publications, two-page chronology of his life, and name index. Undergraduates through professionals. K. L. Marsi California State University, Long Beach


Table of Contents

Otto Theodor Benfey and Peter J. T. MorrisCrystal WoodwardPeter J. T. Morris and Mary Ellen BowdenRobert C. PutnamFrank H. WestheimerAlbert EschenmoserRobert Burns WoodwardRobert Burns WoodwardRobert Burns WoodwardRobert Burns Woodward and W. E. DoeringRobert Burns Woodward and W. E. DoeringRobert Burns Woodward and Franz Sondheimer and David Taub and Karl Heusler and W. M. McLamoreGeoffrey Wilkinson and M. Rosenblum and M. C. Whiting and Robert Burns WoodwardRobert Burns Woodward and M. Rosenblum and M. C. WhitingRobert Burns Woodward and Warren J. Brehm and A. L. NelsonRobert Burns Woodward and Warren J. BrehmRobert Burns Woodward and M. P. Cava and W. D. Ollis and A. Hunger and H. U. Daeniker and K. SchenkerRobert Burns Woodward and F. E. Bader and H. Bickel and A. J. Frey and R. W. KiersteadWilliam Moffitt and Robert Burns Woodward and A. Moscowitz and W. Klyne and Carl DjerassiRobert Burns WoodwardRobert Burns WoodwardRobert Burns WoodwardRobert Burns WoodwardRobert Burns Woodward and Thomas J. KatzRobert Burns Woodward and Roald HoffmannRoald Hoffmann and Robert Burns WoodwardRobert Burns Woodward and Roald HoffmannRobert Burns WoodwardOtto Theodor BenfeyRobert Burns WoodwardOtto Theodor Benfey
Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
A Little Artistic Guide to Reading R. B. Woodwardp. xvi
I. Robert Burns Woodward and His Era
1. Robert Burns Woodward: A Biographical Introductionp. 3
2. Reminiscences from Junior High Schoolp. 11
3. Robert Burns Woodward: Scientist, Colleague, Friendp. 13
II. Robert Burns Woodward as Collaborator
4. RBW, Vitamin B[subscript 12], and the Harvard-ETH Collaborationp. 23
III. Selected Papers of Robert Burns Woodward
5. How the Papers Were Selectedp. 41
6. The Woodward Rulesp. 43
"Structure and the Absorption Spectra of [alpha],[beta]-Unsaturated Ketones." Journal of the American Chemical Society 63 (1941), 1123-1126p. 47
"Structure and Absorption Spectra. III. Normal Conjugated Dienes." Journal of the American Chemical Society 64 (1942), 72-75p. 51
"Structure and Absorption Spectra. IV. Further Observations on [alpha], [beta]-Unsaturated Ketones." Journal of the American Chemical Society 64 (1942), 76-77p. 55
7. Quininep. 57
"The Total Synthesis of Quinine." Journal of the American Chemical Society 66 (1944), 849p. 62
"The Total Synthesis of Quinine." Journal of the American Chemical Society 67 (1945), 860-874p. 63
8. Cholesterol and Cortisonep. 78
"The Total Synthesis of Steroids." Journal of the American Chemical Society 74 (1952), 4223-4251p. 86
9. Ferrocenep. 115
"The Structure of Iron bis-Cyclopentadienyl." Journal of the American Chemical Society 74 (1952), 2125-2126p. 118
"A New Aromatic System." Journal of the American Chemical Society 74 (1952), 3458-3459p. 119
10. Strychninep. 121
"The Structure of Strychnine." Journal of the American Chemical Society 69 (1947), 2250p. 126
"The Structure of Stychnine. Formulation of the Neo Bases." Journal of the American Chemical Society 70 (1948), 2107-2115p. 127
"The Total Synthesis of Strychnine." Tetrahedron 19 (1963), 247-288p. 136
11. Reserpinep. 178
"The Total Synthesis of Reserpine." Tetrahedron 2 (1958), 1-57p. 182
12. The Octant Rulep. 239
"Structure and the Optical Rotatory Dispersion of Saturated Ketones." Journal of the American Chemical Society 83 (1961), 4013-4018p. 244
13. Chlorophyllp. 250
"The Total Synthesis of Chlorophyll." Pure and Applied Chemistry 2 (1961), 383-404p. 256
14. Cephalosporin Cp. 278
"Recent Advances in the Chemistry of Natural Products." In Les Prix Nobel en 1965. Stockholm: P. A. Norstedt and Soner, 1966, pp. 192-211p. 282
15. Vitamin B12p. 302
"Recent Advances in the Chemistry of Natural Products." Pure and Applied Chemistry 17 (1968), 519-547p. 314
16. The Woodward-Hoffmann Rulesp. 343
"The Mechanism of the Diels-Alder Reaction." Journal of the American Chemical Society 64 (1942), 3058-3059p. 349
"The Mechanism of the Diels-Alder Reaction." Tetrahedron 5 (1959), 70-89p. 350
"Stereochemistry of Electrocyclic Reactions." Journal of the American Chemical Society 87 (1965), 395-397p. 370
"Selection Rules for Concerted Cycloaddition Reactions." Journal of the American Chemical Society 87 (1965), 2046-2048p. 373
"Selection Rules for Sigmatropic Reactions." Journal of the American Chemical Society 87 (1965), 2511-2513p. 376
"The Conservation of Orbital Symmetry." In Aromaticity. Special publication no. 21. London: Chemical Society, 1967, pp. 217-249p. 379
IV. The Cope Award Lecture
17. Cope Award Lecture: Introductionp. 415
18. The Arthur C. Cope Award Lecturep. 418
19. Cope Award Lecture: Notesp. 440
V. Woodward's Publications and a Chronology of His Life
20. Bibliography of the Publications of Robert Burns Woodwardp. 455
21. Chronology of the Life of Robert Burns Woodwardp. 465
Name Indexp. 467