Cover image for Between Rome and Jerusalem : 300 years of Roman-Judaean relations
Between Rome and Jerusalem : 300 years of Roman-Judaean relations
Sicker, Martin.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2001.
Physical Description:
xii, 201 pages ; 24 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Central Library DS121.7 .S53 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



Sicker sheds new light on the political circumstances surrounding the emergence of Rabbinic Judaism and Christianity. He places the 300-year history of Judaea from the Hasmoneans to Bar Kokhba, 167 B.C.E.-135 C.E. in the context of Roman history and Judaea's geostrategic role in Rome's geopolitics in the Middle East.

However, because of the unique character of its religion and culture, which bred an intense nationalism unknown elsewhere in the ancient world, Judaea turned out to be a weak link holding the Roman Empire in the east together. As such, it became a factor of some importance in the protracted struggle of Rome and Parthia for hegemony in southwest Asia. Judaea thus took on a political and strategic significance that was grossly disproportionate to its size and made its subjugation and domination an imperative of Roman foreign policy for two centuries, from Pompeius to Hadrian. In effect, the history of the period may be viewed as the story of the conflict between Roman imperialism and Judaean nationalism. A fresh look at ancient Middle Eastern and Roman history that will be invaluable for students and scholars of ancient history, post-biblical Jewish history and of Christian origins.

Author Notes

Martin Sicker is a private consultant and lecturer who has written extensively in the fields of political science and international affairs, with a special focus on geopolitics and the history of the Middle East

Reviews 1

Choice Review

The author, a political scientist, promises to give an account of the period focused on political events and without any ideological bias. In this he has succeeded admirably. Details of the checkered history of Palestine from the Hasmoneans to the rebellion of Bar Kokhba are clearly set forth. What is missing is any hint of the problems and controversies of the field. Notes are few and brief, and there are almost no references to the sources. The bibliography is inadequate. The work therefore has limited value, primarily as a reliable outline of history and a useful supplement to more analytic works. Guidance to the sources and scholarship is given by James McLaren, Power and Politics in Palestine (1991). For more detailed analyses students will turn to the standard works of E. Schurer, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ, (2v., 1973-79); and the multivolume The World History of the Jewish People, v.6, The Hellenistic Age, ed. by A. Schalit (CH, Oct'72), and v. 7, The Herodian Period, ed. by M. Avi-Yonah (CH, Mar'76). R. I. Frank University of California, Irvine

Table of Contents

Introductionp. vii
1. The Historical Backgroundp. 1
2. The Hasmonean Revoltp. 15
3. A Jewish State Is Bornp. 23
4. Pharisees and Sadduceesp. 31
5. The Era of Jannaeus and Alexandrap. 37
6. The Succession Crisis and Roman Interventionp. 43
7. The Rise of the Antipatridsp. 53
8. The Era of Julius Caesarp. 57
9. Herod and Marcus Antoniusp. 65
10. The Reign of Herod the Greatp. 77
11. Herod and Augustus Caesarp. 89
12. The Herodiansp. 103
13. Judaea Becomes a Roman Provincep. 115
14. Pontius Pilate: Procurator of Judaeap. 121
15. The Era of Agrippa Ip. 127
16. Prelude to the Great Revoltp. 135
17. The Great Revolt Eruptsp. 147
18. The Fall of Jerusalemp. 157
19. Aftermath of the Destructionp. 167
20. Hadrian and the Last Revoltp. 179
Afterwordp. 187
Bibliographyp. 191
Indexp. 195

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