Cover image for Silicon and its compounds
Title:
Silicon and its compounds
Author:
Mazumder, B.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Enfield, NH : Science Publishers, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
viii, 165 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9781578081547
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Silicon metal and its compounds have fascinated scientists and technologists on account of their extraordinary properties and enthused them to search for still newer compounds of silicon. While this process of uncovering compounds has been an uphill task for scientists, technologists and engineers have had to face the even more daunting task of translating laboratory results to actual plant design for commercial production.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Mazumder's slim volume is a guide to the recent literature on silicon and its industrially promising compounds. It is not a comprehensive book on all silicon compounds and is similar to an extended chapter in one of the "Advances in ..." series. For example, the most commonly found silicon compounds, the various silicon oxides (including quartz), are not discussed. The first 50 pages describe the preparation of pure silicon, while the following 75 pages contain very brief descriptions of commercially interesting silicon compounds. With but one exception, silicon's physical, chemical, and structural properties are not presented. This book will be very helpful in acquiring an overview of current research on these materials, but the original literature must be consulted for any specific information. It concludes with a list of 888 references, most of them to the journal and patent literature, post-1995. This and the many tables and lists (of classes of compounds and trends in the field) are what make this book interesting to inorganic and industrial chemists. No indexes. Graduate students through professionals. R. Rudman Adelphi University


Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
1. Introductionp. 1
1.1 Silicon and its physical propertiesp. 1
1.2 Silicon as a photovoltaic materialp. 2
1.3 General use pattern of silicon metalsp. 5
2. Production and Purityp. 7
2.1 Production of metallurgical grade siliconp. 7
2.2 Production of high purity siliconp. 10
(a) Trichlorosilane method of producing high purity siliconp. 10
Very high purity trichlorosilanep. 17
By-product tetrachloro-silanep. 17
Uses of silicon-tetrachloridep. 18
Purification and estimation of trichlorosilanep. 24
Thermal cracking of trichlorosilanep. 25
(b) Preparation of silicon from Sil[subscript 4]p. 31
(c) Preparation of silicon from SiOp. 32
(d) Preparation of silicon from sodium-fluorosilicatep. 32
(e) Preparation of silicon from SiO[subscript 2] by aluminium and magnesiump. 33
(f) Preparation of high purity silicon by vacuum refining and directional ingot solidificationp. 33
(g) Preparation of high purity silicon by sulphide reduction processp. 35
(h) Wet method of producing high purity silicon powderp. 35
(i) Fused salt electrolysis for producing pure siliconp. 35
(j) Preparation of silane by chemical reactions in molten saltsp. 36
2.3 Analysis of the purity of siliconp. 36
3. Crystallization of Siliconp. 38
3.1 Production of silicon single crystal from polycrystalline siliconp. 38
(a) Zone refining technique for generating silicon single crystals
(b) Growing ribbon or dendritic silicon crystalsp. 40
(c) Epitaxial growth of silicon single crystalsp. 41
(d) Growing thin film silicon on insulator (SOI technique)p. 42
4. Separation of Silicon Isotopesp. 48
5. Silicon Compoundsp. 51
5.1 Introductionp. 51
5.2 Inorganic silicon compounds and their commercial importancep. 53
5.3 Organic silicon compounds of silicon and its commercial importancep. 54
5.4 Development of specific property through structural modifications (Substituent effect and formulations)p. 64
5.5 Current research focus/trendp. 70
5.6 General specifications of raw material, catalyst and promoter (various design of reactors)p. 93
5.7 Fundamental preparative reactions in silicon chemistryp. 100
6. Future Production and Marketing Trend (Alliance Strategy)p. 118
7. Environment and Health Aspect of Silicon and its Compoundsp. 123
8. List of Silicon Manufacturersp. 125
Referencesp. 128