Cover image for The expanded quotable Einstein
Title:
The expanded quotable Einstein
Author:
Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955.
Publication Information:
Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
xliii, 407 pages : illustrations ; 20 cm
General Note:
Expanded ed. of The quotable Einstein. 1996.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780691070216
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Tens of thousands of people enjoyed the first edition of The Quotable Einstein . This enlarged and updated version offers even more fascinating insight into Time magazine's "Man of the Century." The Expanded Quotable Einstein includes about 375 new quotations and covers topics that have recently appeared in the media--such as the most current research on Einstein's brain, the possible collaboration of his wife Mileva in his work, and the newly discovered love letters that Einstein sent to an alleged Soviet spy. An entirely new section on music has been added, the section on science has been expanded greatly, and new photographs add fresh visual appeal. Finally, the new appendix contains an account of the editor's personal peek into the FBI's Einstein file and shows us Einstein's famous letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, which ushered in the atomic age in the United States.


Einstein continues to be a global icon as we enter the new millennium, and this new edition shows us why. The revelation that he was, after all, a human being in his personal life rather than a secular "saint" has detracted neither from his fame nor from his great scientific achievements. Above all, Einstein is shown to be a loyal letter writer, keeping up a lively correspondence with those whom he loved and respected, and expressing an opinion on just about everything and everyone, including himself.


Much more than a series of soundbites, this book of documented quotations and supplementary information about Einstein's life, family, and work puts his thoughts into context. A fairly complete biographical account of this multifaceted man emerges--as son, husband, father, lover, scientist, philosopher, aging widower, humanitarian, and friend. It shows us vividly why the real and imagined Einstein continues to fascinate people the world over


Author Notes

Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm. He spent his childhood in Munich where his family owned a small machine shop. By the age of twelve, Einstein had taught himself Euclidean Geometry. His family moved to Milan, where he stayed for a year, and he used it as an excuse to drop out of school, which bored him. He finished secondary school in Aarau, Switzerland and entered the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. Einstein graduated in 1900, by studying the notes of a classmate since he did not attend his classes out of boredom, again. His teachers did not like him and would not recomend him for a position in the University. For two years, Einstein worked as a substitute teacher and a tutor before getting a job, in 1902, as an examiner for a Swiss patent office in Bern. In 1905, he received his doctorate from the University of Zurich for a theoretical dissertation on the dimension of molecules.

Einstein also published three theoretical papers of central importance to the development of 20th Century physics. The first was entitled "Brownian Motion," and the second "Photoelectric Effort," which was a revolutionary way of thinking and contradicted tradition. No one accepted the proposals of the first two papers. Then the third one was published in 1905 and called "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies." Einstein's words became what is known today as the special theory of relativity and said that the physical laws are the same in all inertial reference systems and that the speed of light in a vacuum is a universal constant. Virtually no one understood or supported Einstein's argument.

Einstein left the patent office in 1907 and received his first academic appointment at the University of Zurich in 1909. In 1911, he moved to a German speaking university in Prague, but returned to Swiss National Polytechnic in Zurich in 1912. By 1914, Einstein was appointed director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Physics in Berlin. His chief patron in those early days was German physicist Max Planck and lent much credibility to Einstein's work. Einstein began working on generalizing and extending his theory of relativity, but the full general theory was not published until 1916. In 1919, he predicted that starlight would bend in the vicinity of a massive body, such as the sun. This theory was confirmed during a solar eclipse and cause Einstein to become world renowned after the phenomenon.

Einstein received be Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. With his new fame, Einstein attempted to further his own political and social views. He supported pacifism and Zionism and opposed Germany's involvement in World War I. His support of Zionism earned him attacks from both Anti-Semitic and right wing groups in Germany. Einstein left Germany for the United States when Hitler came into power, taking a position at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. Once there, he renounced his stand on pacifism in the face of Nazi rising power. In 1939 he collaborated with other physicists in writing a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt informing him of the possibility that the Nazis may in fact be attempting to create an atomic bomb. The letter bore only Einstein's signature but lent credence to the letter and spurred the U.S. race to create the bomb first. Einstein became an American citizen in 1940.

After the war, Einstein was active in international disarmament as well as world government. He was offered the position of President of Israel but turned the honor down. Albert Einstein died on April 18, 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Excerpts

Excerpts

On Einstein Himself A happy man is too satisfied with the present to think too much about the future. Written at age seventeen (September 18, 1896) for a school French essay entitled "My Future Plans." CPAE , Vol. 1, Doc. 22 * Strenuous intellectual work and the study of God's Nature are the angels that will lead me through all the troubles of this life with consolation, strength, and uncompromising rigor. To Pauline Winteler, mother of Einstein's girlfriend Marie, ca. May 1897. CPAE , Vol. 1, Doc. 34 I decided the following about our future: I will look for a position immediately , no matter how humble it is. My scientific goals and my personal vanity will not prevent me from accepting even the most subordinate position. To future wife Mileva Maric, July 7, 1901, while having difficulty finding his first job. CPAE , Vol. 1, Doc. 114 I have come to know the mutability of all human relationships and have learned to insulate myself against both heat and cold so that a temperature balance is fairly well assured. To Heinrich Zangger, March 10, 1917. CPAE , Vol. 8, Doc. 309 * I am by heritage a Jew, by citizenship a Swiss, and by makeup a human being, and only a human being, without any special attachment to any state or national entity whatsoever. To Alfred Kneser, June 7, 1918. CPAE , Vol. 8, Doc. 560 * I was originally supposed to become an engineer, but the thought of having to expend my creative energy on things that make practical everyday life even more refined, with a loathsome capital gain as the goal, was unbearable to me. To Heinrich Zangger, ca. August 11, 1918. CPAE , Vol. 8, Doc. 597 Here is yet another application of the principle of relativity ...: today I am described in Germany as a "German savant" and in England as a "Swiss Jew." Should it ever be my fate to be represented as a bête noire, I should, on the contrary, become a "Swiss Jew" for the Germans and a "German savant" for the English. To The Times (London), 1919. Quoted in Hoffmann, Albert Einstein: Creator and Rebel , 139; also quoted in Frank, Einstein: His Life and Times , 144 * I have not yet eaten enough of the Tree of Knowledge, though in my profession I am obliged to feed on it regularly. To Max Born, November 9, 1919. In Born, Born-Einstein Letters , 16 With fame I become more and more stupid, which of course is a very common phenomenon. To Heinrich Zangger, December 1919. Einstein Archive 39-726; also quoted in Dukas and Hoffmann, Albert Einstein, the Human Side , 8 * My father's ashes lie in Milan. I buried my mother here [Berlin] only a few days ago. My children are in Switzerland.... I myself have journeyed everywhere continuously-a stranger everywhere.... A person like me is at home anywhere with those near and dear to him. To Max Born, March 3, 1920. In Born, Born-Einstein Letters , 26 Let me tell you what I look like: pale face, long hair, and a tiny start of a paunch. In addition, an awkward gait, and a cigar in the mouth ... and a pen in pocket or hand. But crooked legs and warts he does not have, and so is quite handsome-also there's no hair on his hands, as is so often the case with ugly men. So it really is a pity that you didn't see me. Postcard to eight-year-old cousin Elisabeth Ney, September 1920. Einstein Archive 36-525; also quoted in Dukas and Hoffmann, Albert Einstein, the Human Side , 44 Just as with the man in the fairy tale who turned whatever he touched into gold, with me everything is turned into newspaper clamor. To Max Born, September 9, 1920. Einstein Archive 8-151 Personally, I experience the greatest degree of pleasure in having contact with works of art. They furnish me with happy feelings of an intensity that I cannot derive from other sources. 1920. In Moszkowski, Conversations with Einstein , 184 It strikes me as unfair, and even in bad taste, to select a few individuals for boundless admiration, attributing superhuman powers of mind and character to them. This has been my fate, and the contrast between the popular assessment of my powers and achievements and the reality is simply grotesque. From an interview, Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant , 1921; reprinted in Ideas and Opinions , 3-7 If my theory of relativity is proven successful, Germany will claim me as a German and France will declare that I am a citizen of the world. Should my theory prove untrue, France will say that I am a German and Germany will declare that I am a Jew. From an address to the French Philosophical Society at the Sorbonne, April 6, 1922. See also French press clipping, April 7, 1922, Einstein Archive 36-378; and Berliner Tageblatt , April 8, 1922, Einstein Archive 79-535 * When a blind beetle crawls over the surface of a curved branch, it doesn't notice that the track it has covered is indeed curved. I was lucky enough to notice what the beetle didn't notice. In answer to his son Eduard's question about why he is so famous, 1922. Quoted in Max Flückiger, Albert Einstein in Bern (Bern: Haupt, 1961); also quoted in Grüning, Ein Haus für Albert Einstein, 498 * Now I am sitting peacefully in Holland after being told that certain people in Germany have it in for me as a "Jewish saint." In Stuttgart there was even a poster in which I appeared in first place among the richest Jews. To sons Hans Albert and Eduard, November 24, 1923 * [I] must seek in the stars that which was denied [to me] on earth. To his secretary Bette Neumann, ca. 1923-1924, with whom he had fallen in love, upon ending his relationship with her. See Pais, Subtle Is the Lord , 320, and Fölsing, Albert Einstein , 548 * Of all the communities available to us, there is not one I would want to devote myself to except for the society of the true seekers, which has very few living members at any one time. To Max and Hedwig Born, April 29, 1924. In Born, Born-Einstein Letters , 82 * Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited, whereas imagination embraces the entire world, stimulating progress, giving birth to evolution. Originally in "What Life Means to Einstein," Saturday Evening Post , October 26, 1929; reprinted in "On Science," in Cosmic Religion , 97. To punish me for my contempt of authority, Fate has made me an authority myself. Aphorism for a friend, September 18, 1930. Einstein Archive 36-598; also quoted in Hoffmann, Albert Einstein: Creator and Rebel , 24 I am an artist's model. To a fellow train passenger, October 31, 1930, who asked him his occupation, reflecting Einstein's feeling that he was constantly posing for sculptures and paintings. Einstein Archive 21-006; also quoted in ibid., 4 I have never looked upon ease and happiness as ends in themselves-such an ethical basis I call the ideal of a pigsty.... The ideals which have guided my way, and time after time have given me the energy to face life, have been Kindness, Beauty, and Truth. From "What I Believe," Forum and Century 84 (1930), 193-194; reprinted in Ideas and Opinions , 8-11 I am truly a "lone traveler" and have never belonged to my country, my home, my friends, or even my immediate family, with my whole heart. In the face of all this, I have never lost a sense of distance and the need for solitude. Ibid. Sometimes translated as "I am a lone wolf" and "I am a horse for a single harness." A hundred times a day I remind myself that my inner and outer lives are based on the labors of other people, living and dead, and that I must exert myself in order to give in the same measure as I have received and am still receiving. Ibid. It is an irony of fate that I myself have been the recipient of excessive admiration and reverence from my fellow-beings, through no fault or merit of my own. Ibid. Professor Einstein begs you to treat your publications for the time being as if he were already dead. Written on Einstein's behalf by his secretary, Helen Dukas, March 1931, after he was besieged by one manuscript too many. Einstein Archive 46-487 Although I am a typical loner in my daily life, my awareness of belonging to the invisible community of those who strive for truth, beauty, and justice has prevented me from feelings of isolation. From "My Credo," for the German League for Human Rights, 1932. Quoted in Leach, Living Philosophies , 3 Although I try to be universal in thought, I am European by instinct and inclination. Daily Express (London), September 11, 1933. Quoted in Holton, Advancement of Science , 126 People flatter me so long as I don't get in their way. [At other times] they immediately turn to abuse and calumny in defense of their interests. To a pacifist friend. Published in Mein Weltbild (1934), 54; reprinted in Ideas and Opinions , 110 * To be called to account publicly for what others have said in your name, when you cannot defend yourself, is a sad situation indeed. From "Interviewers," in ibid., 40 and 15, respectively * My life is a simple thing that would interest no one. It is a known fact that I was born, and that is all that is necessary. To Princeton High School reporter Henry Russo. In The Tower , April 13, 1935 * As a boy of twelve years making my acquaintance with elementary mathematics, I was thrilled in seeing that it was possible to find out truth by reasoning alone, without the help of any outside experience.... I became more and more convinced that even nature could be understood as a relatively simple mathematical structure. Ibid. I have acclimated extremely well here, live like a bear in its cave, and feel more at home than ever before in my eventful life. This bearlike quality has increased even more because of the death of my mate, who was more attached to other people than I am. To Max Born, ca. early 1937, after the death of Einstein's wife, Elsa. In Born, Born-Einstein Letters , 128 I wouldn't want to live if I did not have my work.... In any case, it's good that I'm already old and personally don't have to count on a prolonged future. To close friend Michele Besso, October 10, 1938, reflecting on Hitler's rise to power. Einstein Archive 7-376 * I firmly believe that love [of a subject or hobby] is a better teacher than a sense of duty-at least for me. Draft of a letter to Philipp Frank, 1940 Why is it that nobody understands me, yet everybody likes me? From an interview, New York Times , March 12, 1944 * I do not like to state an opinion on a matter unless I know the precise facts. From an interview with Richard J. Lewis, New York Times , August 12, 1945, 29:3, on declining to comment on Germany's progress on the atom bomb I never worry about the future. It comes soon enough. Aphorism, 1945-46. Einstein Archive 36-570 I have to apologize to you that I am still among the living. There will be a remedy for this, however. To a child, Tyffany Williams, in South Africa, August 25, 1946, after she expressed surprise in a letter that Einstein was still alive. Einstein Archive 42-612 * What is essential in the life of a man of my kind is what he thinks and how he thinks, and not what he does or suffers. Written in 1946 for "Autobiographical Notes," in Schilpp, Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist , 33 There have already been published by the bucketsful such brazen lies and utter fictions about me that I would long since have gone to my grave if I had allowed myself to pay attention to them. To the writer Max Brod, February 22, 1949. Einstein Archive 34-066 My scientific work is motivated by an irresistible longing to understand the secrets of nature and by no other feelings. My love for justice and the striving to contribute toward the improvement of human conditions are quite independent from my scientific interests. To F. Lentz, August 20, 1949, in answer to a letter asking Einstein about his scientific motivation. Einstein Archive 58-418 * I'm doing just fine, considering that I have triumphantly survived Nazism and two wives. To Jakob Ehrat, May 12, 1952 It is a strange thing to be so widely known, yet to be so lonely. But it is a fact that this kind of popularity ... is forcing its victim into a defensive position that leads to isolation. To E. Marangoni, October 1, 1952. Einstein Archive 60-406 I have no special talents. I am only passionately curious. To Carl Seelig, his biographer, March 11, 1952. Einstein Archive 39-013. A similar sentiment was expressed in a letter to Hans Muehsam, March 4, 1953, Einstein Archive 38-424 All my life I have dealt with objective matters; hence I lack both the natural aptitude and the experience to deal properly with people and to carry out official functions. Statement to Abba Eban, Israeli ambassador to the United States, November 18, 1952, turning down the presidency of Israel after Chaim Weizmann's death. Einstein Archive 28-943 In the past it never occurred to me that every casual remark of mine would be snatched up and recorded. Otherwise I would have crept further into my shell. To Carl Seelig, October 25, 1953. Einstein Archive 39-053 All manner of fable is being attached to my personality, and there is no end to the number of ingeniously devised tales. All the more do I appreciate and respect what is truly sincere. To Queen Elizabeth of Belgium, March 28, 1954. Einstein Archive 32-410 I'm not the kind of snob or exhibitionist that you take me to be and furthermore have nothing of value to say of immediate concern, as you seem to assume. In reply to a letter, May 1954, asking Einstein to send a message to a new museum in Chile, to be Excerpted from THE EXPANDED Quotable Einstein by Alice Calaprice Copyright © 2000 by Princeton University Press and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Excerpted by permission. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.

Table of Contents

Freeman Dyson
Forewordp. ix
Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
A Note About the Expanded Editionp. xxv
Einstein Family Treep. xxxi
Chronologyp. xxxiii
The Quotations
On Einstein Himselfp. 3
On His Familyp. 23
On America and Americansp. 49
On Deathp. 59
On Education and Academic Freedomp. 65
On Friends, Specific Scientists, and Othersp. 73
On Germans and Germanyp. 105
On Humankindp. 113
On Jews, Israel, Judaism, and Zionismp. 123
On Lifep. 145
On Musicp. 151
On Pacifismp. 159
On Peace, War, the Bomb. and the Militaryp. 169
On Politics, Patriotism, and Governmentp. 187
On Religion, God, and Philosophyp. 199
On Science and Scientists, Mathematics, and Technologyp. 223
On Miscellaneous Subjectsp. 265
Abortion
Achievement
Aging
Ambition
Animals/Pets
Art and Science
Astrology
Authority
Birth Control
Birthdays
Blacks/Racism/Slavery
Books
Causality
Clarity
Clothes
Competition
Comprehensibility
Conformity
Conscience
Creativity
Criminals
Curiosity
Death Penalty
The English and the English Language
Epistemology
Flying Saucers
Force
Games
Good Acts
Home
Homosexuality
Individuals/Individuality
Intelligence
Intuition
Italy and the Italians
Japan and the Japanese
Lies
Love
Marriage
Materialism
Miracles
Morality
The Mysterious
Mysticism
Pipe Smoking
Posterity
Prejudice
The Press
Prohibition
Psychoanalysis
Rickshaw Pullers
Sailing
Sculpture
Sex Education
Success
Superstition
Thinking
Tolerance
Truth
Vegetarianism
Violence
Wealth
Wisdom
Women
Work
Youth
Attributed to Einsteinp. 311
Others on Einsteinp. 323
Answers to the Most Common Nonscientific Questions about Einsteinp. 349
Appendixp. 367
A Brief Peek into the FBI's Einstein File
The Famous Letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Bibliographyp. 381
Index of Key Wordsp. 387
Subject Indexp. 393