Cover image for Simple methods for identification of plastics
Title:
Simple methods for identification of plastics
Author:
Braun, Dietrich, 1930-
Personal Author:
Uniform Title:
Erkennen von Kunststoffen. English
Edition:
Fourth edition.
Publication Information:
Munich : Hanser ; Cincinnati, OH : Hanser/Gardner Publications, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
137 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm
Language:
English
Subject Term:
ISBN:
9783446211131

9781569902806
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library TP1140 .B7213 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

For plastics, technicians, engineers, and technical customer service representatives who need to identify at least the general class of a mystery plastic but do not have access to the sophisticated and expensive equipment used by the plastics industry. Braun has successfully carried out all of the tests. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


Table of Contents

1 Plastics and Their Characteristicsp. 11
2 General Introduction to the Analysis of Plasticsp. 27
2.1 Analytical Procedurep. 27
2.2 Sample Preparationp. 28
3 Screening Testsp. 30
3.1 Solubilityp. 30
3.2 Densityp. 35
3.3 Behavior on Heatingp. 37
3.3.1 Pyrolysis Testsp. 39
3.3.2 Flame Testsp. 40
3.3.3 Melting Behaviorp. 43
4 Testing for Heteroatomsp. 48
5 Analytical Proceduresp. 53
Analysis by Groupsp. 54
Group I Chlorine- and Fluorine-Containing Plasticsp. 54
Group II Nitrogen-Containing Plasticsp. 54
Group III Sulfur-Containing Polymersp. 55
Group IV Plastics without Heteroatomsp. 56
6 Specific Identification Testsp. 59
6.1 General Identification Reactionsp. 59
6.1.1 Liebermann-Storch-Morawski Reactionp. 59
6.1.2 Color Reaction with p-Dimethylaminobenzaldehydep. 59
6.1.3 The Gibbs Indophenol Testp. 60
6.1.4 Formaldehyde Testp. 60
6.2 Specific Plasticsp. 61
6.2.1 Polyolefinsp. 61
6.2.2 Polystyrenep. 62
6.2.3 Polymethyl Methacrylatep. 62
6.2.4 Polyacrylonitrilep. 63
6.2.5 Polyvinyl Acetatep. 64
6.2.6 Polyvinyl Alcoholp. 65
6.2.7 Polymers Containing Chlorinep. 65
6.2.8 Polyoxymethylenep. 66
6.2.9 Polycarbonatesp. 66
6.2.10 Polyamidesp. 68
6.2.11 Polyurethanesp. 69
6.2.12 Phenolicsp. 70
6.2.13 Aminoplasticsp. 70
6.2.14 Epoxy Resinsp. 71
6.2.15 Polyestersp. 72
6.2.16 Cellulose Derivativesp. 73
6.2.17 Siliconesp. 74
6.2.18 Rubberlike Plasticsp. 74
6.2.19 High Temperature-Resistant (HT) Thermoplasticsp. 76
6.2.20 Fibersp. 78
6.3 Polymer Blendsp. 80
6.4 Detection of Metals in Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)p. 83
7 Advanced Analytical Methodsp. 86
7.1 Overviewp. 86
7.2 Infrared-Spectroscopyp. 89
7.3 IR-Spectrap. 92
8 Appendixp. 105
8.1 Plastics Identification Tablep. 105
8.2 Chemicalsp. 118
8.3 Laboratory Aids and Equipmentp. 124
8.4 Guide for Further Readingp. 126
8.5 Polymer Acronymsp. 127
Indexp. 135

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