Cover image for From Baltimore to Bohemia : the letters of H.L. Mencken and George Sterling
From Baltimore to Bohemia : the letters of H.L. Mencken and George Sterling
Mencken, H. L. (Henry Louis), 1880-1956.
Publication Information:
Madison [N.J.] : Fairleigh Dickinson University Press ; London ; Cranbury, NJ : Associated University Presses, [2001]

Physical Description:
284 pages ; 24 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
PS3525.E43 Z497 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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Some of Mencken's most interesting letters were written to George Sterling, a pupil of Ambrose Bierce. The correspondence -- which survives nearly intact on both sides -- covers a wealth of subjects, including Mencken's editorship of the Smart Set (1914-23) and American Mercury (1924-26), mutual colleagues (Bierce, Theodore Dreiser, Jack London, Sinclair Lewis), and most entertainingly, each author's flagrant flouting of Prohibition as well as Sterling's carnal adventures with a variety of women in California. These letters shed a vivid light on the literary, political, social, and cultural temper of the Jazz Age.

Author Notes

H. L. Mencken 1880-1956 H. L. (Henry Louis) Mencken was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on September 12, 1880. He considered Maryland to be his home despite his many years in New York. As a child he attended Professor Friedrich Knapp's Institute, a private school for children of German descent. He completed his secondary education at Baltimore Polytechnic Institute, from which he graduated at the age of 16.

Mencken wanted to be a writer but was obligated to work in his father's cigar factory. When his father died suddenly in 1899, Mencken immediately sought a job at the Baltimore Herald. Through he began with no experience in journalism, he quickly learned every job at the newspaper and at age 25 became its editor.

Mencken went on to build himself a reputation as one of America's most brilliant writers and literary critics. His basic approach was to question everything and to accept no limits on personal freedom. He attacked organized religion, American cultural and literary standards, and every aspect of American life that he found shallow, ignorant, or false - which was almost everything. From the 1920's until his death, Mencken's sharp wit and penetrating social commentary made him one of the most highly regarded - and fiercely hated - of American social critics. He was later memorialized in the dramatic portrait of the cynical journalist in the play and film Inherit the Wind.

Shortly after World War I, Mencken began a project that was to fascinate him for the rest of his life: a study of American language and how it had evolved from British English. In 1919 he published The American Language: A Preliminary Inquiry into the Development of English in the United States. To this and his publisher's surprise, the book sold out quickly; its wit and nonscholarly approach attracted many readers who would not normally buy a book on such a subject. In 1936, a revised and enlarged edition was published, and in 1945 and 1948, supplements were added. The work shows not only how American English differs from British English but how the 300 year American experience shaped American dialect. Thus the book, still considered a classic in its field, is both a linguistic and social history of the United States.

Mencken died in his sleep on January 29, 1956. He was interred in Baltimore's Loudon Park Cemetery.

(Bowker Author Biography)

Reviews 1

Choice Review

The letters between minor poet George Sterling (1869-1926) and essayist and critic H.L. Mencken (1880-1956) run from 1914 until Sterling's death. Although the two met only a few times, their interests coincided: about one-third of their correspondence centered on alcohol--what they drank, how to obtain it, after Prohibition, and who among their circle could, favorably, drink a great deal ("The cure for alcohol is more alcohol"--Mencken). They also discuss their writing, particularly Sterling's poetry, which used formal rhyme and meter; their women; the Hollywood personalities they knew or wished to know. Readers should be prepared for numerous racial slurs, which were typical of the time but are infuriating today. As Joshi comments, these flamboyant letters "provide unique glimpses into an era whose glamour persists to this day." They clearly reveal how much the two men enjoyed each other. Of interest to students of literature and cultural history; all levels. J. Overmyer emerita, Ohio State University