Cover image for Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini : totalitarianism in the twentieth century
Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini : totalitarianism in the twentieth century
Pauley, Bruce F.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Wheeling, Ill. : Harlan Davidson, [1997]

Physical Description:
xvi, 290 pages, 4 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 22 cm.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
D445 .P38 1997 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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Pauley (history, U. of Central Florida) offers a succinct but comprehensive study surveying the dictators' youths, early careers, relationships with women, management styles, and cults of personality, along with interpretive comparison of the economics, propaganda, culture, education, and health-care systems of the three dictatorships. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Author Notes

Bruce F. Pauley is Professor of History at the University of Central Florida

Table of Contents

Forewordp. vii
List of Illustrationsp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
Preface to the First Editionp. xix
1. The Ideological Foundationsp. 1
Definitions of Totalitarianismp. 1
Marxism-Leninism-Stalinismp. 4
Fascism and Nazismp. 6
2. The Seizure of Powerp. 11
Russia on the Eve of the Revolutionp. 11
The Establishment of the Soviet Dictatorshipp. 15
The Failure of Liberal Italyp. 21
The Birth and Triumph of Fascismp. 25
Germany and the Impact of World War Ip. 31
The Weimar Republic and the Rise of the Nazi Movementp. 35
The Great Depression and the Nazi Takeoverp. 41
3. Personalities and Policies of the Dictatorsp. 48
Stalin's Youth and Early Careerp. 48
Stalin the Demigodp. 52
Mussolini: The Young Socialistp. 54
The Duce: Strengths and Weaknessesp. 58
The Young Hitlerp. 61
Hitler: The Chaotic Dictatorp. 65
Hitler's Private Life and Relations with Womenp. 68
4. Totalitarian Economiesp. 72
The End of the New Economic Policyp. 72
Stalin's War against the Peasantsp. 75
The First Five-Year Plan and Industrializationp. 81
The Fascist Economyp. 84
The Economy of National Socialist Germanyp. 88
5. Propaganda, Culture, and Educationp. 95
The Limitations of Propagandap. 95
Soviet Propagandap. 97
Fascist Propagandap. 100
Nazi Propagandap. 102
Totalitarian Culturep. 106
Soviet Educationp. 114
Education in the Fascist Statesp. 116
Youth Groupsp. 119
6. Family Values and Healthp. 125
The Conservative Trend in Valuesp. 125
Soviet Women: The Mixed Blessings of Emancipationp. 127
Fascist Italy: The Failure of Antifeminismp. 130
Women in Nazi Germany: Kinder Kirche und Kuche?p. 135
Health and Eugenics in Nazi Germanyp. 140
Religion: The Basic Incompatibilityp. 144
7. Totalitarian Terrorp. 151
The Great Purges in the Soviet Unionp. 152
Terror and Persecution in the Fascist Statesp. 160
The Persecution of Jewsp. 162
8. The Era of Traditional Diplomacy and War, 1933-1941p. 173
Hitler's Foreign Policy Strategyp. 174
Hitler as "Peace Lover," 1933-1935p. 178
From Ethiopia to Spain: Fascist Italy at Warp. 180
Austria and Czechoslovakia: Hitler's First Conquestsp. 185
The Approach of Warp. 190
The Blitzkrieg Campaignsp. 193
The Italian Interventionp. 199
9. Total War, 1941-1945p. 206
Hitler Turns Eastp. 206
Stalin's Preparations for Warp. 210
The Russian Campaign in 1941p. 213
Hitler and the Untermenschenp. 216
Hitler and Stalin as War Lordsp. 219
The Fall of Fascismp. 226
The German Home Frontp. 230
The War in the Westp. 232
The End of the Third Reichp. 236
10. The Collapse of Soviet Totalitarianismp. 242
Stalin's Last Years, 1945-1953p. 242
The Khrushchev Erap. 246
Reaction and Reform: From Brezhnev to Gorbachevp. 250
Problems of the Soviet Economy and Societyp. 253
Soviet Women in the Last Years of the Regimep. 256
Soviet Society in the 1980s: The Balance Sheetp. 259
The Revolt of the Satellites and the Disintegration of the Soviet Unionp. 260
The End of Soviet Totalitarianismp. 262
11. Lessons and Prospectsp. 265
The Triumph of Dogmatismp. 265
The Structural Flaws of Totalitarianismp. 267
The Totalitarian Legacyp. 272
Bibliographical Essayp. 277
Indexp. 301