Cover image for The Civil War and Reconstruction : a student companion
The Civil War and Reconstruction : a student companion
Barney, William L.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Oxford University Press, [2001]

Physical Description:
368 pages : illustrations, maps ; 29 cm.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
E468 .B319 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Reference material
E468 .B319 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Oversize
E468 .B319 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
E468 .B319 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf

On Order



The Civil War was the most devastating event in U.S. history, in which over half a million Americans paid for their beliefs with their lives. The heroic battles, harrowing marches, and military genius of generals on both sides still inspire books, movies, and the imaginations of Civil Warbuffs. Less obvious are the economic, political, social, and cultural repercussions of the war, which continue to influence American life. Reconstruction and the end of slavery brought deep-seated problems to the reunited nation. This single-volume encyclopedia includes 245 entries on all facets of the conflicted era. It features articles on: * Battles and campaigns (Gettysburg, Shiloh, Sherman's March to the Sea) * Culture (music, photography, religion) * Economic affairs (cost of the war, gold, Richmond Bread Riot) * Foreign affairs (France, Great Britain, Laird rams) * Health and welfare (disease, medicine, prisons) * Ideologies (federalism, free-labor ideology) * Legislative landmarks (14th Amendment, Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, Wade-Davis bill) * Military terms, strategy, and weaponry (cavalry, rifles, tactics) * Minorities (black suffrage, emancipation, Native Americans) * Political events and organizations (Constitutional Union party, election of 1860, fire-eaters) * Prominent individuals (Clara Barton, Frederick Douglass, Robert E. Lee, Abraham Lincoln, Walt Whitman) * Social reform (abolitionism, women's rights movement) * Women (nurses, women in the war, individual women) More than 200 black-and-white illustrations, including over a dozen maps, complement the entries. A list of selected Civil War museums and historic sites, suggestions for further reading, recommended websites, and a chronology of the war round out this essential resource.

Author Notes

William L. Barney has taught U.S. history at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill since 1975.

Reviews 3

Booklist Review

These titles are the newest in Oxford's Student Companions to American History, written for the junior-high-school through adult audience. Arranged alphabetically, each book in the series focuses on a major historical period or theme, with authoritative articles on key issues, events, and individuals. American Immigration surveys its subject from the sixteenth century to the present, with entries covering topics such as Artists, immigrant; Ellis Island; Hinduism; Naturalization policy; Nicaraguans; Picture brides; and Slave trade. Entries for most ethnic groups include data on numbers of U.S. citizens claiming ancestry in each group (according to 1990 Census figures), the numbers who arrived during the period from 1986 to 1996, the major periods of immigration, and the major areas of settlement. Examples of entries in The Civil War and Reconstruction include Confederate policies; Desertion; Election of 1876; Impressment Act of 1863; Ku Klux Klan; McClellan, George B.; and Railroads. Biographies begin with fact summaries that provide birth and death dates and places, political affiliation, and details about education and career. In both volumes, most entries range in length from one-half to three pages in length and are accompanied by excellent cross-references and further readings, as well as period illustrations, photographs, and maps with informative captions. Laws and legislation are well covered. Chronologies, bibliographies, and lists of museums and Web sites conclude each volume. Indexing is thorough. For general information as well as background reading, these two titles will find readers and researchers within high-school and public libraries and are recommended for these audiences. The variety of topics that are covered surpasses many other single volumes on similar subjects.

School Library Journal Review

Gr 7 Up-This alphabetical reference guide has well-written, concise entries that are supplemented by useful period photographs, charts, maps, and chronologies. Coverage is broad, including articles on the military, political, social, economic, and cultural aspects of the war and its aftermath, as well as biographical sketches of major figures. Each entry includes suggestions for further reading and plentiful "see" and "see-also" references. A list of Civil War museums and historic sites is appended. A useful handbook that offers students an objective perspective in an accessible, appealing format.-Starr E. Smith, Fairfax County Public Library, VA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

A volume in the "Student Companions to American History" series, Barney's companion is easily the best one-volume encyclopedia of this period currently available. Remarkably comprehensive and clearly written, the 245 entries cover the causes of the war, major events leading to war, notable individuals, politics, culture, military campaigns and major battles, military tactics, strategy, weaponry, and much more. Most entries include up-to-date suggestions for additional reading. Special features include extensive cross-references that facilitate study of themes and topics such as economic trends, African Americans, women, and Reconstruction. The volume is profusely illustrated with photos, drawings, illustrations from contemporary sources, and paintings. Accounts of major battles include small but informative maps. Recommended for purchase by academic libraries, public libraries, and Civil War buffs. L. Kincaid Boise State University

Table of Contents

Prefacep. 6
How to Use This Bookp. 7
The Civil War and Reconstruction: A Student Companionp. 8
Map 1 The Civil Warp. 349
Map 2 The Virginia Battles
Appendix 1 Important Dates in the Civil War Erap. 351
Appendix 2 Museums and Historic Sitesp. 354
Further Readingp. 358
Websitesp. 360
Indexp. 362