Cover image for Islam and resistance in Afghanistan
Islam and resistance in Afghanistan
Roy, Olivier, 1949-
Personal Author:
Uniform Title:
Afghanistan. English
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Cambridge [England] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Physical Description:
x, 270 pages : maps ; 24 cm.
General Note:
Translation of: L'Afghanistan.

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
BP63.A54 R6813 1990 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



In this new edition, Olivier Roy expands his penetrating study of the history, ideology and structures of the Afghan resistance movement to mid-1989. He examines the evolution of the military and political situation inside Afghanistan during the last years of the Soviet presence and discusses relations between the Afghan resistance and the Islamic fundamentalist movement. The situation created by the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan is also explored, and in a new conclusion Professor Roy assesses to what extent the war has altered the traditional fabric of Afghan society.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

The ``Islam'' and the ``Resistance'' in the title of this work (originally published in French) convey its central concerns. Roy does not provide an overview of Afghanistan since the Marxist coup of 1978 or the Soviet invasion of 1979. His analysis is made from the periphery-he has made six trips inside Afghanistan with the resistance since 1980-not from the Soviet-dominated center of Kabul. This is reasonable in a long-isolated and mountainous land where most of the people are clearly at the edge of political activity, but it does leave one wondering what the Khalq and Parcham Afghani Communist factions are all about. Unfortunately, there are no maps. Advanced students and faculty with some previous knowledge of Afghanistan will find the book most informative. It is no journalistic tale of travels with the mujahidin, but a subtle and scholarly analysis, soundly informed by extensive academic research as well as firsthand experience. Roy offers many insights into how a specifically Afghan form of the ``Islamist'' revival (along with other forms of Islam) has interacted with tribal, ethnic, and geographic factors in shaping the Afghan resistance.-D.M. Reid, Georgia State University

Table of Contents

Acknowledgementsp. x
Mapsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
1 State and society in Afghanistanp. 10
2 Islam in Afghanistanp. 30
3 The origins of Afghan fundamentalism and popular movements up to 1947p. 54
4 The Islamist movement up to 1978p. 69
5 The communist reforms and the repression, 1978-9p. 84
6 The uprisings, 1978-9p. 98
7 The establishments of political partiesp. 110
8 The development of the parties between 1980 and 1984p. 127
9 The role of the Shi'a in the resistancep. 139
10 Society and the warp. 149
11 From freedom fighter to guerillap. 172
12 Military operationsp. 189
13 The conflict from 1986 to the Soviet withdrawalp. 207
14 Cultural patterns and changes in society: an assessmentp. 215
15 Afghan politics and the outside worldp. 228
1 The resistance partiesp. 235
2 Glossaryp. 237
3 Chronological tablep. 246
Notesp. 248
Bibliographyp. 260
Indexp. 267