Cover image for Dynamic earth : plates, plumes, and mantle convection
Title:
Dynamic earth : plates, plumes, and mantle convection
Author:
Davies, Geoffrey F. (Geoffrey Frederick)
Publication Information:
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
xi, 458 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Language:
English
Geographic Term:
ISBN:
9780521590679

9780521599337
Format :
Book

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QE509.4 .D38 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

Dynamic Earth clearly details the mechanisms responsible for plate tectonics, volcanic hotspots, and many resulting geological processes. Starting from basic principles, coverage provides a fundamental exploration into the principles of convection in the earth's mantle, summarizes key observations and presents all the relevant physics. The book begins with a brief history of the key ideas leading into mantle convection, covering more than 200 years of geological thought. It concludes with surveys of geochemical contraints on mantle evolution and the thermal evolution of the mantle, with implications for changes in the surface tectonic regime. Main concepts and arguments are presented with a minimum of mathematics. For the reader who desires fuller coverage, more mathematical versions of important aspects are also included. This book will be of interest to a broad range of geologists who desire a better understanding of the earth's internal dynamics. Graduate students and researchers working on the many aspects of mantle dynamics and its implications for geological processes will find it particularly useful. It is also suitable as a text for upper undergraduate and postgraduate courses in geophysics, geochemistry, and tectonics.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Davies (Australian National Univ.) provides an excellent, in-depth, current review of the principles of mantle convection, the mechanism responsible for plate tectonics, volcanic hot spots, and accordingly, the majority of geological processes. He has devoted much of the past 30 years to mantle dynamics research, and this expertise is reflected in a clear, balanced overview that incorporates the latest advances in seismology, fluid flow, heat transport and thermal diffusion, experimental and mathematical modeling of the mantle, and geochemistry of mantle materials. Part 1 (of four), "Origins," is a historical review of principal concepts and ideas; part 2, "Foundations," is devoted to the physical and structural nature of Earth's surface and interior, along with mantle flow dynamics and heat transfer and loss. Part 3, "Essence," addresses prevailing views regarding mantle dynamics processes, their projected relationships to mantle convection, tectonic plate movement, and mantle plume evolution, and their probable influence in surface tectonic regimes. Part 4, "Implications," presents an overview of mantle chemistry with implications to magma genesis and chemical evolution of the mantle and crust, and it discusses the powerful relationship between heat and tectonics. Good illustrations; up-to-date chapter references; useful appendixes; brief index. Geared toward a broad audience of geologists, geophysicists, and geochemists. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals. M. E. McCallum; emeritus, Colorado State University


Table of Contents

Part I Origins
1 Introduction
2 Emergence
3 Mobility
Part II Foundations
4 Surface
5 Interior
6 Flow
7 Heat
Part III Essence
8 Convection
9 Plates
10 The plate mode
11 The plume mode
12 Synthesis
Part IV Implications
13 Chemistry
14 Evolution
Appendices
Index