Cover image for Encyclopedia of cold war politics
Title:
Encyclopedia of cold war politics
Author:
Toropov, Brandon.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Facts On File, Inc., [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
xii, 242 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780816035748
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library E840 .T57 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Oversize
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Summary

Summary

"Encyclopedia of Cold War Politics is a concise yet comprehensive A-to-Z
reference on the period from World War II to the demise of the Soviet
Union. Its 700 entries


Author Notes

Brandon Toropov holds a degree in history from Brandeis University. He is a freelance writer, book packager, and former editor


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

There are many reference works on the cold war, including The Cold War Encyclopedia (1996) and the recent Historical Dictionary of the Cold War (2000). These works put a crucial period of the twentieth century into perspective. They share an international focus, driven in part by the global nature of the cold war, the events that defined it, and the people who fought it. This new encyclopedia takes a different tack, focusing almost exclusively on American domestic events and issues and touching on international themes only when they are relevant to the U.S. scene. More than 700 entries are arranged alphabetically, beginning with Acheson, Dean, secretary of state from 1949 to 1953, and ending with Yippies, an anti-establishment radical element of the hippie movement. In between are entries on presidents and their opponents, civil rights groups and leaders, phrases, and definitions. The length of each entry (ranging from 100^-2,500 words) reflects the importance of the subject or the depth of coverage needed. Acheson's boss, Harry Truman, earns just over four columns, while Truman's opponent in the infamous 1948 general election, Thomas Dewey, barely rates one column. Each entry is factual and concise. The entry on Martin Luther King Jr. mentions his early life and education, his adherence to Gandhi's policy of nonviolence, the March on Washington, and his assassination in Tennessee, avoiding the various controversies surrounding both King's life and death. Sometimes the generally objective tone of the work is missing, as when, for example, it defines communism as "paradoxical and self-defeating." Black-and-white photographs enhance the text, and the index is detailed. This volume is a worthy addition to the cold war reference shelf. Its coverage of people, places, and events that might be ignored in works with a more international perspective makes it a good starting point for anyone interested in an American focus. Recommended for high-school, public, and academic libraries.


Choice Review

Toropov's encyclopedia offers 700 entries about US politics during the period 1945-91. Topics covered include events, individuals, organizations, and concepts. Since it focuses exclusively on the US, including only foreign events considered of direct relevance, this work is more specialized than other Cold War reference works. It includes popular phrases such as "better dead than red" and "credibility gap," as well as entries on individuals not normally associated with the Cold War, such as Bob Hope and long-time Chicago mayor Richard Daley. In many ways, this work is intended as a companion volume to Richard Schwartz's Cold War Culture: Media and the Arts, 1945-1990 (CH, Jul'98). It supplies both an index and list of entries, ending with a disappointing select bibliography that fails to mention works by noted Cold War scholars such as John Lewis Gaddis and Ellen Schrecker. Although beginning undergraduates might find this work useful, it is more appropriate for public than academic libraries. D. Durant; East Carolina University


Excerpts

Excerpts

Encyclopedia of Cold War Politics is a concise yet comprehensive A-to-Z reference on the period from World War II to the demise of the Soviet Union. Its 700 entries, varying in length from 100 to 2,500 words, cover events, organizations and institutions, individuals and groups, ideas and concepts, publications and documents, and more. A comprehensive reference to American political life during the Cold War and the perfect companion volume to Facts On File's Cold War Culture, Encyclopedia of Cold War Politics conveys not only the facts, but the flavor and atmosphere of an era now beginning to come into focus as history. Among the many topics covered are: Events: The Red Scare, the Vietnam War, the Civil Rights Movement Organizations and Institutions: HUAC, the CIA, the Supreme Court, labor unions, Students for a Democratic Society Individuals and Groups: Whittaker Chambers, J. Edgar Hoover, Dean Acheson, Ronald Reagan, Henry Kissinger Ideas and Concepts: Counterculture, bomb shelters, missile gap, Better Dead than Red, witch hunts. Excerpted from Encyclopedia of Cold War Politics by Brandon Toropov All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

Acheson, Deanp. 1
Agee, Philipp. 2
Agnew, Spirop. 2
Allen, Richardp. 3
Alliance for Progressp. 3
"America, love it or leave it"p. 4
American Civil Liberties Unionp. 4
American Friends Service Committee (AFSC)p. 4
American Legionp. 5
Americanismp. 5
Americans for Democratic Actionp. 5
Anderson, Jackp. 5
Anderson, Johnp. 6
Antiwar movementp. 6
Appeasementp. 8
Atlantic Charterp. 8
Atomic bombp. 8
Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)p. 10
Atoms for Peacep. 10
Baker, James Addison IIIp. 11
Ball, George Wildmanp. 11
Bay of Pigs invasionp. 12
Berlin blockadep. 12
Berlin Wallp. 13
Berrigan, Danielp. 13
Berrigan, Philipp. 15
"Better dead than red"p. 15
Black Panthersp. 16
Black Powerp. 16
Blacklistingp. 16
Block, Herbert Lawrencep. 17
Bomb sheltersp. 17
Bowles, Chesterp. 17
Bradlee, Benp. 18
Bradley, Omar Nelsonp. 18
Bridges, Henry Stylesp. 19
Brinkmanshipp. 19
Brown, Haroldp. 19
Brzezinski, Zbigniewp. 20
Buckley, William F., Jr.p. 21
Bullitt, William C.p. 21
Bundy, McGeorgep. 22
Bunker, Ellsworthp. 22
Bush, Georgep. 23
Byrnes, James F.p. 25
Calley, Williamp. 27
Carter, Jimmyp. 28
Carter Doctrinep. 29
Casey, William J.p. 29
Central Intelligence Agencyp. 30
Central Treaty Organizationp. 30
Chambers, Whittakerp. 30
Chaplin, Charlesp. 31
Cheney, Richard Brucep. 31
Chicago Sevenp. 32
China Lobbyp. 32
"Choice, not an echo"p. 33
Chomsky, Noamp. 33
Civil defensep. 33
Civil disobediencep. 33
Civil rights actsp. 34
Civil rights movementp. 35
Cleaver, Eldridgep. 37
Clifford, Clarkp. 37
Cohn, Royp. 37
Cointelprop. 38
Colby, Williamp. 38
Colson, Charlesp. 39
Committee on the Present Dangerp. 39
Communismp. 39
Conscientious objectorsp. 40
Containmentp. 40
Contrasp. 41
Counterculturep. 41
Credibility gapp. 41
Cronkite, Walterp. 41
Cuban Missile Crisisp. 42
Daley, Richardp. 45
Davis, Angelap. 45
Day, Dorothyp. 46
Dean, Johnp. 46
Declaration of Consciencep. 46
Dellinger, Davidp. 47
Detentep. 47
Deterrencep. 48
Dewey, Thomasp. 48
Dirty tricksp. 48
Dominican crisis (1965)p. 49
Domino theoryp. 49
Douglas, Helen Gahaganp. 49
Doves and hawksp. 49
Draft resistancep. 50
Dukakis, Michaelp. 50
Dulles, Allenp. 51
Dulles, John Fosterp. 51
Dylan, Bobp. 52
Eastland, James O.p. 53
Eaton, Cyrusp. 53
Ehrlichman, Johnp. 54
Eisenhower, Dwight Davidp. 54
Eisenhower Doctrinep. 56
Ellsberg, Danielp. 56
Ervin, Samp. 56
Escalationp. 57
Espionagep. 57
Establishment, thep. 58
"Evil empire"p. 58
Fail-safep. 59
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)p. 59
First strikep. 60
Flexible responsep. 60
Fonda, Janep. 60
Ford, Geraldp. 61
Forrestal, Jamesp. 63
"Freedom Now!"p. 64
Freedom ridersp. 64
French Indochina Warp. 64
Fulbright, J. Williamp. 64
Galbraith, John Kennethp. 67
Generation gapp. 67
Glasnostp. 68
Goldwater, Barryp. 68
Graham, Katharinep. 68
Great Societyp. 69
Grenada invasionp. 69
Haig, Alexanderp. 71
Haldeman, H. R.p. 72
Hall, Gusp. 73
Hammett, Dashiellp. 73
Hard hatsp. 73
Harriman, W. Averellp. 73
Harrington, Michaelp. 75
Hearst, Patriciap. 75
"Hell, no, we won't go"p. 75
Hellman, Lillianp. 76
Helms, Jessep. 76
Helms, Richardp. 76
Helsinki Accordsp. 77
Henderson, Loyp. 78
Hippiesp. 78
Hiss, Algerp. 79
Hoffa, James R.p. 79
Hoffman, Abbiep. 80
Hollywood Tenp. 80
Hoover, J. Edgarp. 81
Hope, Bobp. 81
Hopkins, Harryp. 82
Hopper, Heddap. 82
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)p. 83
Hull, Cordellp. 83
Humphrey, Hubertp. 84
Hydrogen bombp. 85
I shall go to Koreap. 87
Internal Security Actp. 87
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)p. 88
Iran-Contra affairp. 89
Iron curtainp. 89
Isolationismp. 90
Jackson, Henryp. 91
Jackson, Jessep. 92
Johnson, Louisp. 92
Johnson, Lyndon Bainesp. 93
Kefauver, Estesp. 97
Kennan, Georgep. 98
Kennedy, John F.p. 99
Kennedy, Joseph P.p. 101
Kennedy, Robert F.p. 102
Kent State massacrep. 103
King, Martin Luther, Jr.p. 104
Kirkpatrick, Jeanep. 105
Kissinger, Henryp. 106
Korean Warp. 107
Korff, Baruchp. 109
Kunstler, Williamp. 110
Lattimore, Owenp. 111
LeMay, Curtisp. 112
Lennon, Johnp. 112
Lewis, Fulton, Jr.p. 113
Liberationp. 113
Liddy, G. Gordonp. 113
Lippmann, Walterp. 114
Lilienthal, Davidp. 115
Lodge, Henry Cabot, Jr.p. 115
Lowenstein, Allard K.p. 116
Luce, Clare Boothep. 117
Luce, Henry R.p. 118
MacArthur, Douglasp. 119
Malcolm Xp. 120
Manila Pactp. 121
Mansfield, Mikep. 121
March on Washingtonp. 122
Marshall, George C.p. 123
Marshall Planp. 124
Massive retaliationp. 125
Mayaguez incidentp. 126
McCarthy, Eugenep. 126
McCarthy, Josephp. 127
McCone, Johnp. 128
McGovern, Georgep. 129
Mcnamara, Robertp. 129
Meany, Georgep. 130
Mediap. 131
Military-industrial complexp. 132
Miscalculationp. 133
Missile gapp. 133
Mitchell, Johnp. 133
Mondale, Walterp. 134
Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.p. 134
Morse, Waynep. 135
Murrow, Edward R.p. 136
Muskie, Edmundp. 136
Muste, A.J.p. 137
"My country, right or wrong"p. 137
National Guardp. 139
National Security Actp. 140
National Security Agency (NSA)p. 140
National Security Council (NSC)p. 140
New Leftp. 142
New Rightp. 143
Newton, Huey P.p. 143
Nitze, Paulp. 144
Nixon, Richard M.p. 144
Nixon Doctrinep. 146
Nonviolencep. 147
North, Oliverp. 147
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)p. 147
Nuclear Regulatory Commissionp. 148
Nuclear triggerp. 148
Office of Strategic Services (OSS)p. 149
Oppenheimer, J. Robertp. 149
Organization of American States (OAS)p. 150
Oswald, Lee Harveyp. 151
Pacificationp. 153
Pacifismp. 153
Patton, George S.p. 153
Pauling, Linusp. 154
Peace Corpsp. 155
Peaceful coexistencep. 156
Pearson, Drewp. 157
Pentagon Papersp. 157
Philbrick, Herbertp. 158
Ping-Pong diplomacyp. 158
Pinkop. 158
Plowshares movementp. 159
Plumbersp. 159
Podhoretz, Normanp. 159
Poindexter, Johnp. 160
Point Four programp. 160
Police actionp. 160
Potsdam Conferencep. 161
Powers, Francis Garyp. 162
Pueblo incidentp. 162
Quayle, Danp. 163
Reagan, Ronaldp. 165
Reagan Doctrinep. 167
Realpolitikp. 167
Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC)p. 168
Reuther, Walterp. 168
Reykjavik Summitp. 169
Richardson, Elliottp. 169
Robeson, Paulp. 170
Rockefeller, Nelsonp. 170
Roosevelt, Eleanorp. 171
Roosevelt-Litvinov Agreementsp. 173
Rosenberg, Julius and Ethelp. 173
Rostow, Eugene V.p. 174
Rostow, Walt Whitmanp. 174
Rubin, Jerryp. 175
Rusk, Deanp. 175
Schlafly, Phyllisp. 179
Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr.p. 180
Schlesinger, Jamesp. 180
Scowcroft, Brentp. 181
Seale, Bobbyp. 183
Seeger, Petep. 183
Segregationp. 184
Service, John Stewartp. 184
Sheen, Fulton J.p. 185
Shultz, Georgep. 185
Shuttle diplomacyp. 186
Silent Majorityp. 186
Sit-insp. 186
Smith, Walter Bedellp. 186
Smith Actp. 187
Snow, Edgarp. 187
"Soft on communism"p. 188
Sorensen, Theodorep. 188
Southeast Asia Treaty Organizationp. 189
Stassen, Haroldp. 189
Steinem, Gloriap. 189
Stevenson, Adlaip. 190
Stimson, Henry L.p. 191
Stone, I. F.p. 192
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)p. 192
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)p. 193
Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)p. 193
Students for a Democratic Societyp. 194
Symington, Stuartp. 194
Taft, Robertp. 197
Taylor, Maxwell Davenportp. 198
Teller, Edwardp. 199
Tet offensivep. 200
Thurmond, Stromp. 200
Tonkin Gulf Incidents and Resolutionp. 201
Truman, Harryp. 202
Truman Doctrinep. 204
U-2 affairp. 205
United Nationsp. 205
United States Information Agencyp. 206
Vance, Cyrusp. 207
Vandenberg, Arthurp. 208
Vietnam Warp. 209
Vietnamizationp. 210
Voorhis, Jerryp. 211
Wallace, Georgep. 213
Wallace, Henryp. 214
War Powers Resolutionp. 214
Warsaw Pactp. 214
Watergatep. 215
Weinberger, Casparp. 216
Welch, Robertp. 216
Westmoreland, Williamp. 218
Winning the peacep. 218
Witch huntsp. 218
Women's movementp. 219
Yalta Conferencep. 221
Yippiesp. 222

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