Cover image for American women writers, 1900-1945 : a bio-bibliographical critical sourcebook
American women writers, 1900-1945 : a bio-bibliographical critical sourcebook
Champion, Laurie.
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, [2000]

Physical Description:
xiv, 407 pages ; 24 cm
Reading Level:
1350 Lexile.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
PS151 .A45 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating

On Order



Women writers have been traditionally excluded from literary canons and not until recently have scholars begun to rediscover or discover for the first time neglected women writers and their works. This reference includes alphabetically arranged entries on 58 American women authors who wrote between 1900 and 1945. Each entry is written by an expert contributor and discusses a particular author's biography, her major works and themes, and the critical response to her writings. The entries close with extensive primary and secondary bibliographies, and the volume concludes with a list of works for further reading.

The period surveyed by this reference is rich and diverse. Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance, two major artistic movements, occurred between 1900 and 1945, and the entries included here demonstrate the significant contributions women made to these movements. The volume as a whole strives to reflect the diversity of American culture and includes entries for African American, Native American, Mexican American, and Chinese American women. It includes well known writers such as Willa Cather and Eudora Welty, along with more neglected ones such as Anita Scott Coleman and Sui Sin Far.

Author Notes

LAURIE CHAMPION is Assistant Professor of English at San Diego State University, Imperial Valley Campus. Her articles have appeared in such journals as Southern Quarterly , Journal of the Short Story in English , Studies in Short Fiction , and the Langston Hughes Review . Her previous books include The Critical Response to Eudora Welty's Fiction (1994) and The Critical Response to Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn (1991), both published by Greenwood Press.

Reviews 2

Booklist Review

This reference book profiles 58 American women writers who published their significant works between 1900 and 1945. The entries are arranged alphabetically by author's last name, except for tribal or ethnic names where the significant part of the name is first. The list of subjects ranges from Bess Streeter Aldrich (1881^-1954) through Zitkala-sa. With the exception of Eudora Welty, all are deceased. The information is arranged in four sections: "Biography," "Major Works and Themes," "Critical Reception," and "Bibliography." Articles are written by academic specialists and vary in length from four pages to ten for Kay Boyle, Willa Cather, H. D., Nella Larsen, and Gertude Stein. The biographical information is brief and includes the most basic details, while the overview of the major works and themes is quite substantive and will be very useful for research. "Critical Reception" considers reactions both at the time of publication and today. Reference aids such as a selected bibliography of general works on women writers, an index, and information concerning the contributors are included. Though there are many other resources available on American women writers, this book will be a valuable tool for research because it balances coverage of the prominent and the lesser known. Several women who flourished during their lifetimes but have now fallen into obscurity are profiled, as are a number who have been largely ignored. Recommended for academic and larger public libraries.

Choice Review

Champion's collective biography (AWW) biographically, bibliographically, thematically, and critically covers an ethnically diverse assembly of 58 women writers. The typical signed, well-written entry runs five to nine pages. Of the authors featured, 47 are covered in "Dictionary of Literary Biography" (DLB) in greater depth. In DLB volumes 11, 45, and 86, for example, Dorothy Parker is allotted approximately 29 pages; in AWW, she gets less than seven. The content of the two sources is not identical, but the similarities are substantial. The bibliographies of Parker's works differ; AWW omits Parker's Men I'm Not Married To (1922; bound with Franklin P. Adams' Women I'm Not Married To) but lists more recently published sources than DLB. Negative aspects of DLB are age (some volumes are over 20 years old) and arrangement (women authors are not grouped together). Libraries that hold DLB and have relatively low demand for information about women writers from the first half of the 20th century may find that AWW offers relatively little for its price. P. Palmer; University of Memphis

Table of Contents

Laurie ChampionDenise D. KnightCatherine CucinellaElizabeth WrightCarmine EspositoKirstin R. Hotelling ZonaLaurie Champion and Richard J. WilliamsonAllison BergSharon L. HilemanAnn W. EngarKate K. DavisSally E. Haldorson and Bruce A. GlasrudBruce A. Glasrud and Laurie ChampionSandra Gail TeichmannM. Catherine DownsWilliam J. ScheickRhonda AustinRhonda AustinElizabeth WrightDavid Garrett IzzoCatherine RainwaterCheryl D. BohdeAndrea R. PurdyLou Halsell RodenbergerJennifer A. HaytockBruce A. Glasrud and Laurie ChampionKate K. DavisCatherine CucinellaC. Ann McDonaldJoy CastroWilliam J. ScheickRhonda PettitLaura SheaLisa AbneyJulie Buckner ArmstrongRobert JohnsonRhonda AustinErnest J. SmithBeverly G. SixCatherine CucinellaLeslie Winfield WilliamsJames Ward LeeLou Halsell RodenbergerJanet K. TurkNancy BerkeSuzanne Disheroon GreenSylvia Ann GriderSara Andrews JohnstonLisa AbneyBarbara RyanCarman C. CurtonDavid Garrett IzzoDavid Garrett IzzoBeverly ForsythLaurie ChampionDavid J. CaudleMargaret Barbour GilbertAleta CaneBeverly G. Six
Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. xi
Bess Streeter Aldrich (1881-1954)p. 1
Gertrude Atherton (1857-1948)p. 6
Mary Hunter Austin (1868-1934)p. 12
Djuna Barnes (Lydia Steptoe) (1892-1982)p. 20
Elizabeth Bishop (1911-1979)p. 25
Louise Bogan (1897-1970)p. 34
Marita Odette Bonner (1898-1971)p. 39
Kay Boyle (1902-1992)p. 45
Pearl S. Buck (1892-1973)p. 55
Fabiola Cabeza de Baca Gilbert (1894-1991)p. 61
Willa Cather (1873-1947)p. 67
Anita Scott Coleman (1890-1960)p. 77
Rachel Crothers (1878-1958)p. 82
H. D. (Hilda Doolittle) (1886-1961)p. 87
Alice Maude Ewell (1860-1946)p. 97
Jessie Redmon Fauset (1882-1961)p. 101
Edna Ferber (1885-1968)p. 107
Dorothy Canfield Fisher (1879-1958)p. 113
Zona Gale (1874-1938)p. 119
Ellen Glasgow (1873-1945)p. 124
Susan Keating Glaspell (1876-1948)p. 133
Jovita Gonzalez de Mireles (1904-1983)p. 142
Caroline Gordon (1895-1981)p. 147
Lillian Hellman (1905-1984)p. 155
Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960)p. 162
Cleofas M. Jaramillo (1878-1956)p. 173
Georgia Douglas Camp Johnson (1877-1966)p. 177
Nella Larsen (1891-1964)p. 182
Margery Latimer (1899-1932)p. 192
Amy Lowell (1874-1925)p. 198
Mina Loy (1882-1966)p. 207
Clare Boothe Luce (1903-1987)p. 215
Mabel Dodge Luhan (1879-1962)p. 219
Carson McCullers (1917-1967)p. 224
Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950)p. 231
Margaret Mitchell (1900-1949)p. 240
Marianne Moore (1887-1972)p. 245
Mourning Dove (Hum-Ishu-Ma) [Christine Quintasket] (1882?-1936)p. 252
Josephina Niggli (1910-1983)p. 258
Flannery O'Connor (1925-1964)p. 263
Dorothy Parker (1893-1967)p. 271
Katherine Anne Porter (1890-1980)p. 278
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (1896-1953)p. 287
Lola Ridge (1873-1941)p. 295
Elizabeth Madox Roberts (1881-1941)p. 302
Dorothy Scarborough (1878-1935)p. 307
Anne Spencer (1882-1975)p. 312
Gertrude Stein (1874-1946)p. 318
Gene Stratton-Porter (1863-1924)p. 328
Sui Sin Far (Edith Maude Eaton) (1865-1914)p. 333
Genevieve Taggard (1894-1948)p. 338
Sara Teasdale (1884-1933)p. 343
Eudora Alice Welty (1909- )p. 348
Dorothy West (1907-1998)p. 357
Edith Wharton (1862-1937)p. 363
Elinor Wylie (1885-1928)p. 371
Anzia Yezierska (1883?-1970)p. 378
Zitkala-Sa (Gertrude Simmons Bonnin) (1876-1938)p. 383
Selected Bibliographyp. 389
Indexp. 395
About the Editor and Contributorsp. 401