Cover image for International cooperation in research and development : an update to an inventory of U.S. Government spending
International cooperation in research and development : an update to an inventory of U.S. Government spending
Wagner, Caroline S.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Monica, CA : Rand, 2000.
Physical Description:
xviii, 47 pages ; 28 cm
General Note:
Reading Level:
1490 Lexile.
Format :


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Q180.U5 W3245 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Oversize Non-Circ

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Scientific research is becoming increasingly more globalized and more collaborative. At the same time, there is growing pressure within the United States to justify government funding for science and technology (S&T). The potential conflict between these developments raises questions of whether U.S. investment in S&T benefits U.S. taxpayers and whether investment in scientific capacity building overseas has created competition rather than mere assistance. To understand the answers to these questions, this report describes the scope and nature of U.S. spending on international cooperative research and development (ICRD) in fiscal year (FY) 1997. Most spending (over 90 percent) is for collaboration on common research problems among scientists from different countries. Aerospace S&T dominated spending, with biomedical science a distant second. This book finds that the federal government spent $4.4 billion on ICRD in FY 1997, an increase of $1.1 billion over FY 1995. However, this figure may reflect better data collection and increased reporting, rather than an actual increase in spending. The only notable change in the two-year period involves a substantial increase in cooperative activity with Russia, tied heavily to space-related projects.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. iii
Figuresp. vii
Tablesp. ix
Summaryp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Acronymsp. xvii
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
Chapter 2 Findings- U.S. Government Sponsorship of International Cooperation in Research and Developmentp. 7
Appendix A Methodology for Data Collection and Analysisp. 31
Appendix B Internationalization of Scientific Researchp. 39
Appendix C Data Tablep. 47