Cover image for Rock formations and unusual geologic structures : exploring the earth's surface
Title:
Rock formations and unusual geologic structures : exploring the earth's surface
Author:
Erickson, Jon, 1948-
Personal Author:
Edition:
Revised edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Facts on File, 2001.
Physical Description:
xvi, 319 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.
General Note:
Title from cover.
Language:
English
Subject Term:

ISBN:
9780816043286
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library QE33 .E75 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
Searching...
Central Library QE33 .E75 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
Searching...

On Order

Summary

Summary

This work should appeal to both teachers and students searching for the latest in the study of Earth's more unusual topographical formations and the processes that shape them. It explores erosional effects and features, dating methods for specific logic structures and fossil formation.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Erickson attempts to explain many basic geologic concepts to the average reader who does not have a specialty in a technical field. He succeeds well enough in his overall attempt, although one could quibble slightly with the selection of some of the topics he chose to emphasize. There are ten chapters that more or less cover the usual range of a standard book in elementary geology. However, in the opinion of this reviewer, there is a barely adequate discussion of the mineralogy of rocks. It thus becomes difficult to understand rock terminology and to learn its significance. But this is a minor criticism; on the whole, the book is refreshingly clear, and a careful reading will entertain the reader with the wonders of the rock world and will enhance an understanding of the natural environment. The book is well illustrated with more than 100 photographs, maps, line drawings, and tables, all well integrated into the text. There are also a good glossary, index, and bibliography. Anyone interested in the earth will find this an excellent book to begin an adventure into the history of the planet. Recommended for all audiences, from high school upward. C. J. Casella; Northern Illinois University


Excerpts

Excerpts

Praise for the previous edition: ...refreshingly clear...will entertain the reader with the wonders of the rock world, and will enhance an understanding of the natural environment...Recommended for all audiences, from high school upward.--Choice Clearly written and illustrated, this book will appeal to both teachers and students searching for the latest in the study of Earth's more unusual topographical formations and the processes that shape them. The volume explores erosional effects and features, dating methods for specific geologic structures, fossil formation and fossil beds, plate tectonics, volcanic and geologic activities, and more. New and expanded information includes: The Earth's crust Erosion and sedimentation Faults Glacial terrain Caves and caverns Canyons, valleys, and basins. Illustrated with nearly 200 photographs and line drawings, Rock Formations and Unusual Geologic Structures, Revised Edition is a thorough introduction to the changing world beneath our feet. Excerpted from Rock Formations and Unusual Geologic Structures: Exploring the Earth's Surface by Jon Erickson All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

Tablesp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Forewordp. xiii
Introductionp. xv
1 The Earth's Crust: The Formation of Continentsp. 1
Precambrian Shields
Cratons
Terranes
Crystalline Rock
Continental Crust
Oceanic Crust
2 Erosion and Sedimentation: The Building of Landformsp. 25
Effects of Erosion
Drainage Patterns
Erosional Features
Sedimentary Processes
Sedimentary Rocks
Sedimentary Structures
3 Type Sections: Defining Rock Formationsp. 47
Geologic Time
Age of the Earth
Faunal Succession
Relative Time
Rock Correlation
Dating Rocks
Geologic Formations
Geologic Mapping
4 Folding and Faulting: The Shaping of the Landp. 72
Tectonism
Mountain Building
Folded Strata
Fault Types
Horsts and Grabens
Fault Belts
Earthquake Faults
Earthquakes
5 Igneous Activity: Volcanic and Granitic Rocksp. 96
Molten Magma
Volcanic Eruptions
Rift Volcanoes
Calderas
Volcanic Rock
Granitic Intrusives
Kimberlite Pipes
Igneous Ore Bodies
6 Canyons, Valleys, and Basins: Depressions in the Earthp. 122
Terrestrial Canyons
Submarine Canyons
Continental Rifts
Oceanic Rifts
Deep-Sea Trenches
River Valleys
Desiccated Basins
The Great Basin
7 Deserts and Seacoasts: Windblown and Beach Sandsp. 144
Desert Features
Wind Erosion
Sand Dunes
Beach Sands
Sea Cliffs
Coastal Structures
Coral Reefs
8 Glacial Terrain: Structures Formed by Glaciersp. 167
The Ice Caps
Glacial Erosion
Glacial Deposits
Glacial Valleys
Glacial Lakes
Surge Glaciers
Patterned Ground
9 Caves and Caverns: Delving Beneath the Earth's Surfacep. 191
Cave Formation
Karst Terrain
Natural Bridges
Limestone Caves
Lava Caves
Ice Caves
Cave Deposits
Cave Art
10 Collapsed Structures: Catastrophic Ground Failuresp. 212
Landslides
Liquefaction
Mass Wasting
Subsidence
Catastrophic Collapse
11 Meteorite Impact Craters: Asteroid and Comet Collisionsp. 238
The Asteroid Belt
Asteroids and Comets
Cratering Rates
Meteorite Impacts
Crater Formation
Impact Structures
Meteorites
Strewn Fields
12 Unusual Formations: Creation of Unique Rock Formationsp. 262
Rock Monuments
Pillars of Stone
Blowouts - Potholes
Sod Pits
Fumaroles and Geysers
Crater Lakes
Lava Lakes
Conclusionp. 284
Glossaryp. 285
Bibliographyp. 298
Indexp. 307

Google Preview