Cover image for The Facts on File dictionary of environmental science
The Facts on File dictionary of environmental science
Wyman, Bruce C.
Personal Author:
New edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Facts on File, [2001]

Physical Description:
v, 458 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
General Note:
Stevenson's name appears first on the earlier edition.
Added Corporate Author:

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
TD9 .S74 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Reference material
TD9 .S74 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Reference material

On Order



This comprehensive dictionary reflects the great diversity of disciplines impacting on the environmental arena. The book covers many topics including acid rain, global warming and synthetic fuels, and contains more than 4000 entries, drawn from fields as diverse as agriculture, toxicology and law.

Reviews 4

Booklist Review

Update of a title first published in 1991. New entries include Acid rain, Global warming, and Zero population growth.

Library Journal Review

This environmental dictionary includes over 3000 terms, with heavy emphasis on U.S. government agencies and laws, chemistry, engineering, public policy, and environmental health. Words and phrases such as ``rad,'' ``greenhouse effect,'' ``ozone layer,'' and ``nuclear winter'' are all here. A useful list of acronyms such as EPA, EIS, and GRAS is also included. Unfortunately, there is no pronunciation guide. Michael Allaby's Dictionary of the Environment (Macmillan, 1989. 3d ed.) includes more on flora and fauna, less on law and engineering, so the two are complementary. This title, with so few competitors, seems essential for most public and science libraries.-- Laura Lipton, Miller Horticulture Lib., Seattle (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-Intended for a broad audience, from students to industry environmental managers, journalists, and government agencies, this work draws on a wide range of disciplines. They include administrative and environmental law, epidemiology and public health, management, and the natural and social sciences. Altogether there are 5400 generously cross-referenced definitions, 450 of them new. Approximately 20 entries list locations, such as Love Canal, that are infamous for environmental disasters. The 46 entries on individuals include Rachel Carson, Aldo Leopold, and John Muir. Also provided is information about (and sometimes Web site addresses for) many environmental organizations and government agencies and programs. Unfortunately, these are not listed in an appendix. Simple black-and-white diagrams clarify some concepts such as "sanitary landfill" and "wind rose." Where helpful, chemical formulas and mathematical functions are included. The brief definitions, ranging from five lines to half a column, are as clear and as nontechnical as feasible without loss of accuracy. Pronunciations are not indicated. The appendixes include a valuable 680-term acronym list; "Approximate Unit Equivalents," including conversions for various measures of energy, power and pressure; concentrations of gases and aerosol vapors (used in describing levels of environmental contamination); and various statistics. While the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Environmental Science (2003) has almost twice the number of entries, the definitions here are of greater depth.-Judith V. Lechner, Auburn University, AL (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

This volume is much like the subject dictionaries that libraries expect from Facts on File broad coverage, popular language, not detailed enough for the specialist. Among items defined are current terms (e.g., Not-in-my-backyard syndrome: NIMBY); equations (Clausius-Clapeyron); organizations (Greenpeace), and legislation (Clean Air Act). Useful to librarians in identifying a time period or in knowing the related terms necessary for beginning a search on a subject. Cites to important sources are few; no bibliographies are included. In the appendix is a list of acronyms, unit prefixes and equivalents, concentrations, standard human factors, chemical elements, and Greek alphabet. Other related, recent dictionaries include Andy Crump's Dictionary of Environment and Development (CH, Mar'91), Michael Allaby's Dictionary of the Environment (3rd ed., CH, Sep'89), Steve Elsworth's A Dictionary of the Environment: A Practical Guide to Today's Most Important Environmental Issues (London, 1990). Very useful in undergraduate libraries.-T. C. Trawick, Troy State University



Praise for the previous edition: ...clearly worded definitions presented in an appealing format make this an essential reference work. - School Library Journal Thoroughly revised and updated, this comprehensive dictionary reflects the great diversity of disciplines impacting on the environmental arena. More than 4,000 entries are drawn from agriculture, biology, chemistry, engineering, medicine, microbiology, soil science, geology, meteorology, toxicology, government, law, and more. The dictionary is for students, teachers, businesspeople, politicians, science and technical writers, and general readers interested in this fast-growing and sometimes controversial field. Topics covered include: Acid rain Environmental legislation Environmental Protection Agency Global warming Hazardous materials from waste sites Land and marine erosion Recycling of post-consumer waste Responsive Care Initiative of the Chemical Manufacturers Association Solid waste management Synthetic fuels Volcanic eruptions Zero population and more. Excerpted from The Facts on File Dictionary of Environmental Science by L. Harold Stevenson, Bruce Wyman All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. iv
Prefacep. v
Entries A to Zp. 1
I. Acronyms (and Other Abbreviations)p. 436
II. Unit Prefixesp. 451
III. Approximate Unit Equivalentsp. 452
IV. Concentrationsp. 454
V. Standard (Average) Human Factorsp. 455
VI. Plastic Recycling Codesp. 455
VII. The Chemical Elementsp. 456
VIII. The Greek Alphabetp. 458