Cover image for Water quality and treatment : a handbook of community water supplies
Water quality and treatment : a handbook of community water supplies
Letterman, Raymond D.
Fifth edition.
Publication Information:
New York : McGraw-Hill, [1999]

Physical Description:
1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations ; 24 cm
Added Author:
Added Corporate Author:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Central Library TD430 .W365 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



The leading reference covering every facet of public water supply treatment.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Drinking Water Quality Standards, Regulations, and Goals
Early Development of Drinking Water Standards
Early History of U.S
Federal Drinking Water Standards
The Safe Drinking Water Act; Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments
1988 Lead Contamination Control Act
1996 Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments
Development of National Primary Drinking Water Regulations
International Drinking Water Standards
Trends for the Future
Chapter 2 Health and Aesthetic Aspects of Water Quality
Waterborne Disease Outbreaks
Pathogenic Organisms
Indicators and Indicator Organisms
The Health Effects of Chemicals
Inorganic Constituents
Organic Constituents
Disinfectants and Disinfection By-Products
Chapter 3 Guide to Selection of Water Treatment Processes
Water Supply Approaches
Factors Influencing Process Selection
Evaluating Process Options
Examples of Treatment Process Selection
Chapter 4 Source Water Quality Management
Groundwater Source Quality: Relationship with Surface Water and Regulation
General Overview of Groundwater Sources and Impacts on Their Quality
Patterns of Private and Public Groundwater Source Uses: Quality Management Issues
Surface Water
Quality Management of Surface Water Sources
Chapter 5 Air Stripping and Aeration
Theory of Gas Transfer
Unit Operations
Diffused or Bubble Aeration
Surface Aeration
Spray Aerators
Chapter 6 Coagulation and Flocculation
Stability of Particle Suspensions
The Flocculation Process
Chapter 7 Sedimentation and Flotation
History of Sedimentation
Sedimentation Theory
Operational and Design Considerations for Sedimentation
Dissolved-Air Flotation
Theory of Dissolved-Air Flotation
Operational and Design Considerations for Flotation
Chapter 8 Granular Bed and Precoat Filtration
An Overview of Potable Water Filtration
Filter Media; Hydraulics of Flow Through Porous Media; Rapid Granular Bed Filtration
Theory of Rapid Filtration and Modeling
Rapid Filter Performance
Direct Filtration
Flow Control in Filtration
Backwashing of Rapid Filters
Problems in Rapid Filters
Pressure Granular Bed Filters
Slow Sand Filters
Precoat Filtration
Other Filters
Emerging Technology
Waste Disposal
Chapter 9 Ion Exchange and Inorganic Adsorption
Introduction and Theory of Ion Exchange
Ion Exchange Materials and Reactions
Ion Exchange Equilibrium
Ion Exchange and Adsorption Kinetics
Column Processes and Calculations
Design Considerations
Cocurrent Versus Countercurrent Regeneration
Applications of Ion Exchange and Adsorption
Barium Removal by Ion Exchange
Radium Removal by Ion Exchange
Nitrate Removal by Ion Exchange
Fluoride Removal by Activated Alumina
Arsenic Removal by Resins and Alumina
Chromate Removal by Anion Exchange
Color and Organics Removal by Resins
Uranium Removal by Anion Exchange
Perchlorate Removal by Anion Exchange
Waste Disposal
Chapter 10 Chemical Precipitation
Fundamentals of Chemical Precipitation
Water Softening by Chemical Precipitation
Removal of Nominal Organic Material
Removal of Other Contaminants by Precipitation
Chapter 11 Membranes
Classifications and Configurations of Membrane Processes
Membrane Properties and Rejection Characteristics
Mass Transport and Separation
Process Design Criteria
Waste Disposal
Chapter 12 Chemical Oxidation
Principles of Oxidation
Oxidants Used in Water Treatment
Applications of Oxidation Processes
Formation of Disinfection (and Oxidation) By-Products
Chapter 13 Adsorption of Organic Compounds
Adsorption Theory
GAC Adsorption Systems
Performance of GAC Systems
GAC Performance Estimation
PAC Adsorption Systems
PAC Performance
Thermal Reactivation of GAC; Adsorption of Organic Matter on Resins
Chapter 14 Disinfection
History of Disinfection
Disinfectants and Theory of Disinfection
Disinfectant Demand Reactions
Assessment of Microbial Quality (Indicators)
Pathogens of Concern
Disinfection Kinetics
The CT Approach in Regulation
UV Processes
Mode of Action of Disinfectants
Disinfectant Residuals for Posttreatment Protection
Application of Technologies
Use of Multiple Disinfectants
Relative Comparisons
Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Chapter 15
Recent Studies
Present Status of Fluoridation
Operational and Design Consideration
Chapter 16 Water Treatment Plant Residuals Management
Quantity of Solid/Liquid Residuals Generated
Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Solid/Liquid Residuals
Thickening Solid/Liquid Residuals
Nonmechanical Dewatering of Solid/Liquid Residuals
Mechanical Dewatering of Solid/Liquid Residuals
Membrane and Ion Exchange Residuals
Ultimate Disposal and Utilization of Solids
Chapter 17 Internal Corrosion and Deposition Control
Corrosion, Passivation, and Immunity
Types of Corrosion
Physical Factors Affecting Corrosion and Metals Release
Chemical Factors Affecting Corrosion
Corrosion of Specific Materials
Direct Methods for the Assessment of Corrosion
Indirect Methods for the Assessment of Corrosion
Corrosion Control Alternatives
Chapter 18 Microbiological Quality Control in Distribution Systems
General Considerations for Contamination Prevention
Engineering Considerations for Contamination Prevention
Factors Contributing to Microbial Quality Deterioration
Microbial Quality of Distributed Water
Microbial Colonization Factors
Monitoring Factors

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