Cover image for Eyewitnesses to massacre : American missionaries bear witness to Japanese atrocities in Nanjing
Eyewitnesses to massacre : American missionaries bear witness to Japanese atrocities in Nanjing
Zhang, Kaiyuan, 1926-
Publication Information:
Armonk, N.Y. : M.E. Sharpe, 2001.
Physical Description:
xxviii, 463 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
General Note:
Letters from M. Searle Bates, George A. Fitch, Ernest H. Foster, John G. Magee, James H. McCallum, W. Plumer Mills, Lewis S.C. Smythe, Albert N. Steward, Minnie Vautrin, and R.O. Wilson located at the Yale Divinity School Library.

"An East Gate book."

Includes index.
Added Author:

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
DS796.N2 E93 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



The infamous Nanjing Massacre of 1937, in which the Japanese Imperial Army raped and slaughtered countless Chinese citizens on the eve of World War II, has been described in well-publicized books from various Chinese, Japanese and German perspectives. But this collection of first-hand testimony from the archives of the Yale Divinity School Library may be the most powerful record of all. Here are eyewitness accounts by a remarkable group of nine men and one woman -- dedicated, compassionate, well-educated, articulate, and devout missionaries who were there on the scene, refusing to leave, and doing everything in their power to save the Chinese victims of this appalling atrocity.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

By thorough research and careful editing, Zhang Kaiyuan has produced a compilation of the precious journals, correspondence, and photos kept by ten American missionaries who bore eyewitness to and recorded in detail the bloody massacre--also known as "the Rape of Nanking"--committed December 1937 through February 1938 by Japanese troops after they occupied the capital of Nationalist China. These American proselytizers belonged to the post-WW I generation of "scholar-type missionaries," who understood Chinese culture and history and felt wholeheartedly attached to the Chinese people. These "life long friends of China" organized the Nanjing International Relief Committee and rescued thousands of Chinese refugees from the terror of the Japanese military. With heroic dedication and courage, they risked their own lives, fearlessly challenging the Japanese military command in Nanjing and letting the world know the true nature of Japan's occupation there. Their stories, as revealed in Zhang's collection, negate the position currently advanced by a handful of ultranationalists in Japan who distort the truth of history. This collection adds a needed supplement of primary sources to the study of the Chinese-Japanese War (1937-45), and to a more comprehensive understanding of the US missionary presence in China. Recommended for all. G. Zheng Angelo State University

Table of Contents

Documentation of American Missionaries
1 Picture & a Biographical Sketch
2 Some Pictures from Nanking, Dec. 15, 1937
3 Excerpts of Letters to the Japanese Embassy, Dec. 14-27, 1937
4 Note on Aftermath of Registration at the University, Dec. 26, 1937
5 Letter to Dear Friends, Jan. 10, 1938
6 Excerpts of Letters to Mr. Allison of American Embassy, Jan. 14-June.l6, 1938
7 Letter to Dearest, Feb.1, 13, 1938
8 Letter from Timperley, Feb. 17, 1938
9 Letter to Timperley, Mar. 3, 1938
10 Letter to Dear Friends, Apr.12, 1938
11 Letter to Mr. Hanawa, Japanese Consulate - General, May. 11, 1938
12 Open Letter on the Narcotic Problem in Nanking, Nov.22, 1938
13 Letter to Dear Friends, Nov.29, 1938
14 Letter to Dear Friends Abroad, Nov. 28, 1939
15 A Lecture in New York, June 25, 1941
16 Court Record of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, July 29, 1946.
1 Picture & a Biographical Sketch
2 Diary, From Dec. 10, 1937 to January 1938
3 Letter to Dear, Jan. 6, 1938
4 Letter to Peter Shih, Feb. 14, 1938
1 Picture & a Biographical Sketch
2 Mrs. Forster's Accounts
3 Letters to Wife, Nov. 23, 1937 - Feb. 13, 1938
4 Letter to Family, Dec. 7, 1937
5 Letter to Friend, Jan. 14, 1938
6 Letter to Family, Jan. 21, 1938
7 Letter to Family, Feb. 10, 1938
8 Letter to Bishop, Feb.10, 1938
9 Letter to America Embassy, Mar. 10, 1938
10 Letter to Friends, Mar. 16, 1938
1 Picture & a Biographical Sketch
2 Letters to Wife, Dec. 12, 1937 - Feb. 5, 1938
3 Report of a Trip to Tsih Hsia Shan, Feb. 16 - 17, 1938
4 Letter to Mr. McKim, Apr. 2, 1938
5 Introduction of Magee's Film
1 Picture & a Biographical Sketch
2 Account of Japanese Atrocities at Nanking During the Winter of 1937-38
1 Picture & a Biographical Sketch
2 Letter to Japanese Embassy, Dec. 22, 1937
3 Letter to Wife, Jan. 24, 1938
4 Letter to American Embassy, Jan. 15, 1938
1 Picture & a Biographical Sketch
2 Letters to Family, from Dec. 20, 1937 - Jan. 9, 1938
3 Letter to Friends, Mar. 8, 1938
4 Cases of Disorder by Japanese Soldiers in the Safety Zone
5 Letter to Japanese Embassy, Dec. 16, 1937
6 Western Nationals in Nanking, December 16, 1937
7 Notes on the Present Situation, Nanking, March 21, 1938
1 Picture & a Biographical Sketch
2 Excerpts of Diary
1 Picture & a Biographical Sketch
2 A Review of the First Month, Dec. 13, 1937-Jan. 13, 1938
3 As a Refugee Camp, Jan. 14-Mar. 31, 1938
4 Excerpts of Diary, Dec. 12, 1937-May 13, 1938
1 Picture & a Biographical Sketch
2 Letters to Family, Dec. 15, 1937-Jan. 9, 1938