Cover image for Italy : from revolution to republic, 1700 to the present
Italy : from revolution to republic, 1700 to the present
Di Scala, Spencer.
Personal Author:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press, 1998.
Physical Description:
xxv, 426 pages : maps ; 23 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Reading Level:
1420 Lexile.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
DG545 .D5 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



The first edition of Italy: From Revolution to Republic, 1700 to the Present filled a serious gap in the field by synthesizing modern Italian history and placing it in a fully European context. In this updated edition, Spencer Di Scala considers significant developments since the book's initial publication, including the end of the Berlusconi government and the implications of how that occurred and the reemergence of the Italian Communist party in the guise of the Partito democratico della sinistra (Pds). Di Scala also reexamines whether Italy's financial policies, designed to bring the country into the first tier of nations fulfilling the Maastrict conditions for a single EU currency, have been successful and whether, in light of the Albanian situation, Italy is moving toward an active foreign policy more in keeping with its economic clout as the world's fifth largest producer.Presenting the history of modern Italy from the eighteenth century to the present, this book begins with a brief introduction to the legacy of the Renaissance and the seventeenth century. Di Scala also critically reexamines certain traditional historical interpretations and assumptions. The "European context" ranges from the Enlightenment to unity, to liberalism, to the South, to Fascism, and to the Republic.The book gives prominence to social, economic, and cultural developments while providing a picture of how ordinary Italians lived. Di Scala discusses the role of women and gives ample attention to the Italian South, not only in terms of the "problems" of that region but also in terms of its active participation in the historical and cultural life of the nation.Cast in a clear and lively style that will appeal to students, Di Scala's work makes a strong contribution to the field by providing different historical interpretations of events in Italian history by incorporating the most recent scholarly contributions in his analyses. The book includes a rich bibliographic essay, completely updated for this edition, designed to guide undergraduate and graduate students to further reading on the various topics under consideration.

Author Notes

Spencer M. Di Scala is research professor of history and History Graduate Program Director at the University of Massachusetts Boston. He is the author of numerous scholarly books and articles on Italian and European politics and culture, serves on the editorial boards of scholarly journals, and edits a book series on Italian and Italian American Studies.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Editionp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
The Settingp. xvii
Introduction from """"School of Europe"""" to Conquered Landp. xxi
Part 1 Enlightenment and French Revolutionary Italyp. 1
1 The Italian Enlightenmentp. 3
2 Italy and the French Revolutionp. 20
3 The First War for Italian Unityp. 34
Part 2 Restoration Italyp. 41
4 A Geographical Expression""""""""p. 43
5 Failed Revolutions: The 1820s and 1830sp. 52
Part 3 The Risorgimentop. 61
6 Three Models for Unificationp. 63
6 Revolutions of 1848: The Great Shakeoutp. 75
8 Cavour and the Piedmontese Solutionp. 90
Part 4 The Age of Prose""""""""p. 119
9 Cavours Heirs: The Right"""" Reigns""""p. 121
10 Two Parliamentary Dictators.""""""""p. 130
11 Social and Economic Dilemmasp. 139
12 The Rise of Socialism and the Giolittian Erap. 157
Part 5 War and Fascismp. 177
13 The Culture of the New Italyp. 179
14 World War I and the Red Bienniump. 193
15 The Rise of Fascismp. 211
16 Mussolinis Italyp. 228
17 World War II and the Resistancep. 255
Part 6 The Republicp. 275
18 The Structure of Postwar Italyp. 277
19 Postwar Politics: Imperfect Bipolarism""""""""p. 289
20 The Economic Miracle and Its Effectsp. 306
21 A New Era?p. 326
Bibliographical Essayp. 347
About the Book and Authorp. 407
Indexp. 409