Cover image for 100 old roses for the American garden
100 old roses for the American garden
Martin, Clair G.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Workman Pub., [1999]

Physical Description:
x, 278 pages : color illustrations ; 26 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
SB411.6 .M35 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
SB411.6 .M35 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf

On Order



Grow a rose once praised by Virgil, known today as 'Autumn Damask.' Or the ancient 'Apothecary's Rose,' which Count Thibaut brought back from the Crusades. Or 'Empress Josephine,' enjoyed by the lady herself.

Treasured for their mixture of toughness and charm, versatility in the garden, and glorious scent, Old Roses are a revelation to gardeners accustomed to fussy modern hybrids. Suddenly roses don't come in one shape but in a dozen, and don't require a scientific approach but thrive with the basics of sun, water, and soil. Clair Martin, who has over 2,000 different roses under his care, offers enthusiasts a perfect introduction to growing Old Roses, followed by a focused list of 100 cultivars ideal for gardens across America.

From 'Alba Semi-plena' an excellent cold-climate survivor and one of the oldest forms of the white rose, to the popular 'Zephrine Drouhin,' with her deep, rich cerise tones--each rose is photographed in sumptuous color and accompanied by history, parentage, culture, and at-a-glance information on availability, stature and habit, hardiness, and time of bloom.



CARDINAL DE RICHELIEU Gallica, 1840 Deep crimson-purple roses were almost always given ecclesiastical names in the 18th and 19th centuries. 'Cardinal de Richelieu' is classed among the Gallicas but is of hybrid origins, probably with a China Rose as one of his parents. While still once-blooming, this China parent passed on glossy and quite un-Gallica foliage, as well as a fondness for abundant bloom even in the mildest of climate zones. Tall for a Galllica Rose, the Cardinal can reach 5 or 6 feet; the smooth and shiny bottle green foliage is rather atypical for a Gallica. Almost thornless canes are topped by rotund vermilion buds that open to velvety, fragrant blossoms. The color of the flowers can range from pink to red to deep purple, often displaying highlights of lighter shades and even white. The center petals form a dome of lavender-pink tones, and the outer petals reflex in hues of the deepest wine-rich purple with white bases. As the flower ages, all the petals reflex back, and finish in the deepest grape purple colors imaginable. Many Gallica Roses demand a good measure of winter cold to produce a respectable crop of spring bloom, but not so this one. The Cardinal will confer heaps of floral bouquets regardless of the region. For me, the peppery tinge added to the grassy rose scent never gets very strong, but in the Pacific Northwest, this is considered among the most fragrant of roses. The foliage can suffer from a bit of mildew, but on the whole is quite healthy. Armand-Jean du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu (1585-1642), prelate and statesman, was the powerful chief minister to Louis XIII. HYBRIDIZER: Jean Laffay, Bellevue-Meudon, France SUITABILITY: all levels AVAILABILITY: wide STATURE cool climate, 4' x 3' FRAGRANCE: rose and pepper USES: border, hedge, pegging, container, cutting PARENTAGE: unknown DISEASES: clean HARDINESS: hot climate, excellent; cold climate, very good BLOOM: spring Excerpted from 100 OLD ROSES FOR THE AMERICAN GARDEN Copyright 1999 by Smith & Hawken. Used by the permission of Workman Publishing Co., Inc., New York, New York All Rights Reserved. Excerpted from The 100 Old Roses for the American Garden by Clair G. Martin All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

A Personal Note from the Author Preface
Paradise Regained
What Makes a Rose...Old?
The Rose'S Role
In Human Culture Rose Growing Made Easy
A Field Guide To 100 Old Roses