Cover image for A manual of mammalogy : with keys to families of the world
Title:
A manual of mammalogy : with keys to families of the world
Author:
Martin, Robert Eugene, 1944-
Edition:
Third edition.
Publication Information:
Boston : McGraw Hill, [2001]

©2001
Physical Description:
xv, 333 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
General Note:
Rev. ed. of: Manual of mammalogy / Anthony F. DeBlase, Robert E Martin. 2nd. c1981.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780697006431
Format :
Book

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Status
Central Library QL703 .D42 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Oversize
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Summary

Summary

A comprehensive guide to the study of mammals in both the laboratory and the field.


Table of Contents

Prefacep. x
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
1 Introductionp. 1
Characters Defining Mammaliap. 1
Systematics and Nomenclaturep. 2
Distributionp. 4
The Structure and Use of This Manualp. 5
Care of Specimensp. 5
2 The Skullp. 6
The Mandiblep. 8
Variationp. 9
Determination of Maturityp. 9
Measurementsp. 9
Key to Labeling of Figure 2.1p. 11
3 Teethp. 13
Tooth Anatomy and Replacementp. 13
The Kinds of Teethp. 14
Dental Formulasp. 18
4 The Integumentp. 21
Scalesp. 21
Hair Anatomyp. 22
Classification of Hairp. 23
Hair Replacementp. 24
Colorp. 25
Integumentary Glandsp. 27
Mammary Glandsp. 28
5 Horns and Antlersp. 30
True Hornsp. 30
Pronghornsp. 30
Antlersp. 30
Giraffe "Horns"p. 33
Rhinoceros "Horns"p. 34
Functionp. 34
6 The Postcranial Skeletonp. 36
Postcranial Axial Skeletonp. 36
The Appendicular Skeletonp. 37
Claws, Nails, and Hoofsp. 39
7 Locomotor Adaptationsp. 41
Terrestrial Locomotionp. 41
Fossorial Adaptationsp. 43
Aquatic Adaptationsp. 45
Arboreal Adaptationsp. 46
Aerial Adaptationsp. 48
8 Keys and Keyingp. 49
Selection of Key Charactersp. 49
Key Constructionp. 51
The Keys in This Manualp. 52
9 The Orders of Living Mammalsp. 53
Key to the Orders of Living Mammalsp. 55
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 58
10 The Monotremesp. 61
Order Monotrematap. 61
Distinguishing Charactersp. 61
Living Families of Monotrematap. 62
Key to Living Families of Monotrematap. 62
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 62
11 The Marsupialsp. 64
Order Didelphimorphiap. 66
Distinguishing Charactersp. 66
Living Family of Didelphimorphiap. 66
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 66
Order Paucituberculatap. 67
Distinguishing Charactersp. 67
Living Family of Paucituberculatap. 67
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 68
Order Microbiotheriap. 68
Distinguishing Charactersp. 68
Living Family of Microbiotheriap. 68
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 68
Order Dasyuromorphiap. 68
Distinguishing Charactersp. 68
Living Families of Dasyuromorphiap. 68
Key to Living Families of Dasyuromorphiap. 69
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 70
Order Peramelemorphiap. 70
Distinguishing Charactersp. 70
Living Families of Peramelemorphiap. 71
Key to Living Families of Peramelemorphiap. 71
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 71
Order Diprotodontiap. 71
Distinguishing Charactersp. 71
Living Families of Diprotodontiap. 71
Key to Living Families of Diprotodontiap. 72
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 76
Order Notoryctemorphiap. 77
Distinguishing Charactersp. 77
Living Family of Notoryctemorphiap. 77
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 77
12 The Insectivoresp. 78
Order Insectivorap. 78
Distinguishing Charactersp. 78
Living Families of Insectivorap. 78
Key to Living Families of Insectivorap. 79
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 82
13 The Colugosp. 83
Order Dermopterap. 83
Distinguishing Charactersp. 83
Living Family of Dermopterap. 84
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 84
14 The Batsp. 85
Order Chiropterap. 85
Distinguishing Charactersp. 85
Living Families of Chiropterap. 86
Key to Living Families of Chiropterap. 87
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 93
15 The Tupaiidsp. 94
Order Scandentiap. 94
Distinguishing Charactersp. 94
Living Family of Scandentiap. 94
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 94
16 The Primatesp. 96
Order Primatesp. 96
Distinguishing Charactersp. 97
Living Families of Primatesp. 97
Key to Living Families of Primatesp. 98
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 102
17 The Xenarthrans: Anteaters, Armadillos, and Slothsp. 103
Order Xenarthrap. 103
Living Families of Xenarthrap. 105
Key to Living Families of Xenarthrap. 105
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 106
18 The Pangolinsp. 107
Order Pholidotap. 107
Distinguishing Charactersp. 108
Living Family of Pholidotap. 108
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 108
19 The Carnivoresp. 109
Order Carnivorap. 109
Distinguishing Charactersp. 110
Living Families of Carnivorap. 111
Key to Living Families of Carnivorap. 112
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 120
20 The Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoisesp. 121
Order Cetaceap. 121
Suborder Mysticetip. 123
Distinguishing Charactersp. 123
Living Families of Mysticetip. 124
Key to Living Families of Mysticetip. 124
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 126
Suborder Odontocetip. 126
Distinguishing Charactersp. 127
Living Families of Odontocetip. 127
Key to Living Families of Odontocetip. 128
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 132
21 The Macroscelideansp. 133
Order Macroscelideap. 133
Distinguishing Charactersp. 133
Living Family of Macroscelideap. 133
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 134
22 The Rabbits, Hares, and Pikasp. 135
Order Lagomorphap. 135
Distinguishing Charactersp. 136
Living Families of Lagomorphap. 136
Key to Living Families of Lagomorphap. 136
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 137
23 The Rodentsp. 138
Order Rodentiap. 138
Distinguishing Charactersp. 139
Important Taxonomic Charactersp. 139
Living Families of Rodentiap. 139
Key to Living Families of the Worldp. 142
Key to Living Families of North Americap. 159
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 161
24 The Aardvarkp. 162
Order Tubulidentatap. 162
Distinguishing Charactersp. 163
Living Family of Tubulidentatap. 163
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 163
25 The Subungulatesp. 164
Order Proboscideap. 164
Distinguishing Charactersp. 165
Living Family of Proboscideap. 165
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 165
Order Hyracoideap. 165
Distinguishing Charactersp. 166
Living Family of Hyracoideap. 166
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 166
Order Sireniap. 166
Distinguishing Charactersp. 167
Living Families of Sireniap. 167
Key to Living Families of Sireniap. 167
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 168
26 The Perissodactylsp. 169
Order Perissodactylap. 169
Distinguishing Charactersp. 169
Living Families of Perissodactylap. 171
Key to Living Families of Perissodactylap. 171
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 171
27 The Artiodactylsp. 172
Order ARtiodactylap. 172
Distinguishing Charactersp. 172
Living Families of Artiodactylap. 174
Key to Living Families of Artiodactylap. 174
Comments and Suggestions on Identificationp. 179
28 Sign and Habitat Analysisp. 180
Identifying Mammal Signp. 180
Habitat Analysisp. 184
29 Recording Datap. 189
Equipmentp. 189
Field Notesp. 190
Localityp. 191
Datep. 194
Measurements, Weight, and Sexp. 194
Reproductive Conditionp. 195
Parasitesp. 195
Portions Preserved (Type of Preservation)p. 195
Methods of Collectionp. 195
Specimen Labelsp. 196
Study Skinsp. 196
Skulls and Skeletons to Be Cleanedp. 197
Skins to Be Tannedp. 197
Fluid Preservationp. 197
Special Data Formsp. 198
Recording Measurementsp. 198
Recording Behaviorp. 198
Computersp. 198
Documentation Standards for Museum Specimensp. 198
30 Collectingp. 200
Health and Safetyp. 200
Collecting, Conservation, and the Lawp. 201
Conservationp. 202
Locating a Collecting Areap. 202
Recordsp. 202
Methods of Trapping Mammalsp. 203
Methods of Trap Placementp. 206
Timing of Trapping Activityp. 206
Calculating Trapping Successp. 207
Baits and Scentsp. 207
Minimizing Damage to Trapped Mammalsp. 207
Adjusting Trapping Methods for Regional and Climatic Differencesp. 207
Other Methods of Capturing or Collecting Mammalsp. 207
Marking Mammalsp. 209
Care of Collected Mammalsp. 210
31 Specimen Preparation and Preservationp. 211
Supplies and Equipmentp. 211
Prior to Preparationp. 212
The Standard Study of Skinp. 215
Special Specimen Preparation Techniquesp. 221
Preparation of Skins to be Tannedp. 223
Cleaning Skeletal Materialp. 225
32 Collecting Ectoparasites of Mammalsp. 230
Segregation of Hostsp. 230
Kinds of Ectoparasitesp. 230
Key to Arthropod Ectoparasites of Mammalsp. 232
Supplies and Equipment Neededp. 236
Searching for and Removing Ectoparasites from the Hostp. 237
Identification of Ectoparasitesp. 241
33 Age Determinationp. 244
Types of Aging Criteriap. 244
Use of Statistics and Known-Age Samplesp. 245
Growth of Skull, Skeleton, and Bodyp. 245
Relative Growth and Morphology of Teethp. 247
Growth of Eye Lensesp. 248
Growth Linesp. 248
Age Determination in Live Mammalsp. 250
Limitations of Age-Determination Methodsp. 251
34 Diet Analysisp. 253
Collection of Samplesp. 254
Identification of Food Itemsp. 255
Analysis of Dietary Samplesp. 258
Determination of Resource Levelsp. 259
Calculating Indices of Preferencep. 259
35 Analysis of Spatial Distributionp. 261
Spatial Organizationp. 261
Home Rangep. 261
Territoryp. 266
Habitat Utilization and Preferencep. 267
Movementsp. 267
Methods for Studying Movementsp. 268
36 Estimation of Abundance and Densityp. 270
Basic Population Conceptsp. 270
Types of Population Estimatesp. 270
Use of Computers for Estimation of Animal Abundancep. 270
Sampling Configurations for Estimating Densityp. 271
Estimating Size of Sampling Areap. 271
Accuracy of Estimatesp. 272
Recording Datap. 272
Estimation by Census or Direct Countsp. 272
Relative Estimates of Densityp. 273
Density Estimates Based on Mark and Recapturep. 273
Estimates Based on Multiple Marking Occasions (Deterministic)p. 276
The Jolly-Seber Stochastic Methodp. 276
Removal Trapping and Catch per Effort Methodsp. 276
37 Literature Researchp. 278
The Literature of Mammalogyp. 278
Bibliographies and Abstractsp. 279
Making a Searchp. 280
Computerized Literature Databasesp. 281
Computerized Literature Search Strategiesp. 282
Glossaryp. 285
Literature Citedp. 307
Creditsp. 321
Indexp. 323

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