Cover image for Malcolm X talks to young people : speeches in the U.S., Britain, and Africa
Title:
Malcolm X talks to young people : speeches in the U.S., Britain, and Africa
Author:
X, Malcolm, 1925-1965.
Personal Author:
Uniform Title:
Speeches. Selections.
Edition:
First edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Pathfinder, 2000.

©1991
Physical Description:
124 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 21 cm
Language:
English
Personal Subject:
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780873486286
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library BP223.Z8 L57995 1991C Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

"The young generation of whites, blacks, browns--you're living at a time of revolution". Speeches from Africa, Britain, and the U.S.


Author Notes

Born in Omaha, Nebraska, and the son of a Baptist minister, Malcolm Little grew up with violence. Whites killed several members of his family, including his father. As a youngster, he went to live with a sister in Boston where he started a career of crime that he continued in New York's Harlem as a drug peddler and pimp. While serving a prison term for burglary in 1952, he converted to Islam and undertook an intensive program of study and self-improvement, movingly detailed in "Autobiography of Malcolm X." He wrote constantly to Elijah Muhammad (Elijah Poole, 1897--1975), head of the black separatist Nation of Islam, which already claimed the loyalty of several of his brothers and sisters. Upon release from prison, Little went to Detroit, met with Elijah Muhammad, and dropped the last name Little, adopting X to symbolize the unknown African name his ancestors had been robbed of when they were enslaved.

Soon he was actively speaking and organizing as a Muslim minister. In his angry and articulate preaching, he condemned white America for its treatment of blacks, denounced the integration movement as black self-delusion, and advocated black control of black communities. During the turbulent 1960's, he was seen as inflammatory and dangerous.

In 1963, a storm broke out when he called President Kennedy's assassination a case of "chickens coming home to roost," meaning that white violence, long directed against blacks, had now turned on itself. The statement was received with fury, and Elijah Muhammad denounced him publicly. Shocked and already disillusioned with the leader because of his reputed involvement with several women, Malcolm X went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and then traveled to several African countries, where he was received as a fellow Muslim. When he returned home, he was bearing a new message: Islam is a religion that welcomes and unites people of all races in the Oneness of Allah. On the night of February 21, 1965, as he was preaching at Harlem's Audubon Ballroom, he was assassinated.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Reviews 1

Booklist Review

Gr. 8-12. Providing a sense of Malcolm X's voice as well as his beliefs, this book presents transcripts and excerpts of speeches given to teenagers in the U.S., Africa, and England during the last year of his life. Most of the material is unavailable elsewhere. An interview with Young Socialist magazine rounds out the collection of primary material, followed by an appreciative tribute delivered at a memorial service shortly after his death. Black-and-white photographs show Malcolm X traveling and speaking to young people around the world. While libraries expecting heavy use should buy the hardcover, many will find the relatively sturdy paperback edition a practical alternative. ~--Carolyn Phelan


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