Cover image for Trogons and quetzals of the world
Trogons and quetzals of the world
Johnsgard, Paul A.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Washington : Smithsonian Institution Press, [2000]

Physical Description:
xii, 223 pages, 32 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 26 cm
Subject Term:

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
QL696.T7 J65 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



Of all birdgroups, none is more closely associated with the world's tropical forests than trogons and quetzals. With shimmering golden-green feathers and long ornamental tail coverts, Central America's resplendent quetzal often has been called the world's most beautiful bird. Other New World as well as African trogonids also are iridescent and brightly pigmented, while red or reddish brown hues predominate in Asian species. Since deforestation and fires have ravaged many of the reclusive group's prime habitats, ornithologists and conservationists may soon be unable to study many of the world's trogonids in their native environments. Beautifully illustrated with color plates and line drawings, this comprehensive review of trogons and quetzals -- the first to be published in more than 150 years -- covers all thirty-nine extant species. The book includes detailed species accounts, range maps, and identification keys as well as a chapter that discusses comparative biology in terms of evolution, anatomy and morphology, behavior, ecology, breeding biology, and populations. Forty hand-colored plates -- most by the renowned nineteenth-century illustrator John Gould -- depict adults of both sexes; nineteen line drawings by author Paul Johnsgard illustrate behavior and anatomy. The book also includes more than three hundred bibliographic references. Despite their beauty and renown among birders, little has been previously published about the biology of many trogon and quetzal species. This up-to-date survey will serve as a valuable reference for ornithologists, conservationists, aviculturalists, and birdwatchers worldwide.

Author Notes

Paul A. Johnsgard is Foundation Professor of Biology at the University of Nebraska.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Johnsgard (Univ. of Nebraska) is a distinguished ornithologist and prolific author whose works include Pheasants of the World (CH, Jan'00). Elegant Trogon and Resplendent Quetzal are vernacular names for two representatives of this handsome avian family. Trogon and quetzal are deeply imbedded in religion and myths of the native peoples of Mexico and Central America. Johnsgard's volume is the first comprehensive work on Trogonidae since John Gould's classic Monograph of the Trogonidae or Family of Trogons (London, 2nd ed., 1875). Part 1, "Comparative Biology," reviews the 39 species, most of which occur in Central and South America. Each is treated succinctly and in detail in the "Species Accounts" section, which includes range with maps, descriptions, black-and-white drawings, breeding habits, dimensions, and conservation efforts. Striking color plates from Gould's originals illustrate 35 species; additional paintings were provided by contemporary artists. Because of habitat loss and other pressures, Johnsgard believes that the current generation of birders will be the last to see all known species. A vitally important contribution to ornithological literature, highly recommended for biology collections in large academic libraries. H. E. Whitmore; emeritus, University of Maine at Augusta

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Part 1 Comparative Biologyp. 3
Introduction and Evolutionary Relationshipsp. 3
Anatomy and Morphologyp. 10
General Behavior and Ecologyp. 14
Breeding Biology and Populationsp. 19
Part 2 Species Accountsp. 25
African Trogons (Subfamily Apaloderminae)p. 27
Bare-Cheeked Trogons (Tribe Apalodermini)p. 27
Bare-Cheeked Trogons (Genus Apaloderma)p. 30
Subgenus Apalodermap. 30
Narina Trogon Apaloderma narinap. 31
Bare-Cheeked Trogon Apaloderma aequatorialep. 36
Subgenus Heterotrogonp. 39
Bar-Tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatump. 40
Non-African Trogons (Subfamily Trogoninae)p. 43
New World Trogons and Quetzals (Tribe Trogonini)p. 43
Quetzals (Genus Pharomachrus)p. 47
Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinnop. 48
Crested Quetzal Pharomachrus (mocinno) antisianusp. 57
White-Tipped Quetzal Pharomachrus fulgidusp. 60
Golden-Headed Quetzal Pharomachrus (pavoninus) auricepsp. 63
Pavonine Quetzal Pharomachrus pavoninusp. 68
Eared Trogon (Genus Euptilotis)p. 70
Eared Trogon Euptilotis neoxenusp. 71
West Indian Trogons (Genus Priotelus)p. 76
Subgenus Priotelusp. 76
Cuban Trogon Priotelus temnurusp. 77
Subgenus Temnotrogonp. 80
Hispaniolan Trogon Priotelus roseigasterp. 81
Toothed Trogons (Genus Trogon)p. 84
Dark-Tailed Trogons (Subgenus Curucujus)p. 84
Slaty-Tailed Trogon Trogon massenap. 85
Black-Tailed Trogon Trogon melanurusp. 89
Lattice-Tailed Trogon Trogon clathratusp. 93
White-Eyed Trogon Trogon (clathratus) comptusp. 96
Dark-Winged Trogons (Subgenus Trogon)p. 99
Baird's Trogon Trogon (viridis) bairdiip. 100
White-Tailed Trogon Trogon viridisp. 104
Citreoline Trogon Trogon citreolusp. 108
Black-Headed Trogon Trogon (citreolus) melanocephalusp. 111
Vermiculated Trogons (Subgenus Trogonurus)p. 115
Mountain Trogon Trogon mexicanusp. 116
Elegant Trogon Trogon elegansp. 120
Collared Trogon Trogon collarisp. 127
Orange-Bellied Trogon Trogon (collaris) aurantiventrisp. 132
Masked Trogon Trogon personatusp. 135
Black-Throated Trogon Trogon rufusp. 139
Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucurap. 144
Blue-Crowned Trogon Trogon curucuip. 147
Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceusp. 150
Asian Trogons (Tribe Harpactinini)p. 156
Asian Trogons (Genus Harpactes)p. 160
Subgenus Hapalarpactesp. 160
Blue-Tailed Trogon Harpactes reinwardtip. 161
Subgenus Harpactesp. 163
Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatusp. 164
Red-Naped Trogon Harpactes kasumbap. 167
Diard's Trogon Harpactes diardiip. 170
Philippine Trogon Harpactes ardensp. 173
Whitehead's Trogon Harpactes whiteheadip. 176
Cinnamon-Rumped Trogon Harpactes orrhophaeusp. 178
Scarlet-Rumped Trogon Harpactes duvauceliip. 181
Orange-Breasted Trogon Harpactes oreskiosp. 184
Red-Headed Trogon Harpactes erythrocephalusp. 188
Ward's Trogon Harpactes wardip. 192
Appendix 1 Derivations of Scientific and Vernacular Names of Trogons and Quetzalsp. 195
Appendix 2 Keys to Genera and Species of Trogons and Quetzalsp. 197
Glossaryp. 201
Bibliographyp. 211
Index to Scientific and Vernacular Names of Trogons and Quetzalsp. 221