Cover image for Smoke wars : Anaconda Copper, Montana air pollution, and the courts, 1890-1924
Title:
Smoke wars : Anaconda Copper, Montana air pollution, and the courts, 1890-1924
Author:
MacMillan, Donald, 1932-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Helena, Mont. : Montana Historical Society Press, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
296 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Language:
English
Corporate Subject:
ISBN:
9780917298622

9780917298653
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library TD888.C64 M33 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

Smoke Wars traces the struggle against air pollution in southwestern Montana from the fight to abolish open-heap roasting to the fight against toxic emissions released from the great stacks of the Anaconda Reduction Works.


Summary

Smoke Wars traces the campaign against air pollution in southwestern Montana from the fight to abolish open-heap roasting--a process that created dense clouds of low-lying, noxious smoke and caused death rates in Butte to exceed those of New York City--to the battle against toxic emissions released from the great stacks of the Anaconda Reduction Works. This landmark environmental study raises issues of corporate responsibility, the rights of citizens, and the costs of industrialization, issues still hotly contested today.


Reviews 2

Choice Review

This posthumously published 1970s doctoral thesis is a well-researched, thoroughly documented account of the struggle to abate air pollution against the power of the smelter industries, especially in Montana. The first phase was an urban struggle between irate citizens of Butte and the owners of the local smelters, which were the cause of a substantially increased mortality; the second phase occurred in Deer Valley as a result of the construction in Anaconda of the world's then-largest and most modern smelter, which adversely affected farmers; the third phase involved a classic confrontation between the federal government, rising to the level of Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson, and the Amalgamated Copper Mining Company, a holding company controlled by Standard Oil. As the protracted legal saga of phase three unfolds, the Wilson view of the expert being a mere hireling of big business and vested interests is seen to prevail over the Roosevelt view of experts as agents of popular government employed to regulate objectionable business practices. After nearly 25 years, by devious subterfuge, the case was closed--Amalgamated won. The struggle to abate poisonous emissions had ended where it began. General readers; upper-division undergraduates through professionals. E. J. Kormondy; emeritus, University of West Los Angeles


Choice Review

This posthumously published 1970s doctoral thesis is a well-researched, thoroughly documented account of the struggle to abate air pollution against the power of the smelter industries, especially in Montana. The first phase was an urban struggle between irate citizens of Butte and the owners of the local smelters, which were the cause of a substantially increased mortality; the second phase occurred in Deer Valley as a result of the construction in Anaconda of the world's then-largest and most modern smelter, which adversely affected farmers; the third phase involved a classic confrontation between the federal government, rising to the level of Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson, and the Amalgamated Copper Mining Company, a holding company controlled by Standard Oil. As the protracted legal saga of phase three unfolds, the Wilson view of the expert being a mere hireling of big business and vested interests is seen to prevail over the Roosevelt view of experts as agents of popular government employed to regulate objectionable business practices. After nearly 25 years, by devious subterfuge, the case was closed--Amalgamated won. The struggle to abate poisonous emissions had ended where it began. General readers; upper-division undergraduates through professionals. E. J. Kormondy; emeritus, University of West Los Angeles


Table of Contents

William L. LangWilliam L. Lang
Maps and Illustrationsp. viii
Introductionp. 1
1. A Struggle for Health, Property, and Conservationp. 19
2. "The Humblest Citizen of Butte Is Entitled at Least to Fresh Air"p. 25
3. "Bluffs Don't Go in Smoke Wars"p. 47
4. "The War of Wealth against Health"p. 63
5. Progress and Pollution Come to the Valleyp. 83
6. The Farmers versus the Trustp. 101
7. The Struggle outside the Courtp. 125
8. The Roosevelt Men versus the Smeltersp. 145
9. Compelling a Corporation to Do Its Dutyp. 167
10. The Taft Men versus the Smeltersp. 189
11. "We Will Have Secured All That We Have a Right to Ask"p. 211
12. The Struggle Abandonedp. 229
Notesp. 257
Indexp. 287
Maps and Illustrationsp. viii
Introductionp. 1
1. A Struggle for Health, Property, and Conservationp. 19
2. "The Humblest Citizen of Butte Is Entitled at Least to Fresh Air"p. 25
3. "Bluffs Don't Go in Smoke Wars"p. 47
4. "The War of Wealth against Health"p. 63
5. Progress and Pollution Come to the Valleyp. 83
6. The Farmers versus the Trustp. 101
7. The Struggle outside the Courtp. 125
8. The Roosevelt Men versus the Smeltersp. 145
9. Compelling a Corporation to Do Its Dutyp. 167
10. The Taft Men versus the Smeltersp. 189
11. "We Will Have Secured All That We Have a Right to Ask"p. 211
12. The Struggle Abandonedp. 229
Notesp. 257
Indexp. 287

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