Cover image for Science in translation : movements of knowledge through cultures and time
Title:
Science in translation : movements of knowledge through cultures and time
Author:
Montgomery, Scott L.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2000.
Physical Description:
xi, 325 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
Introduction: transfers of learning, questions of influence -- The heavens through time and space: a history of translating astronomy in the West -- The era of Roman translation: from Greek science to medieval manuscript -- Astronomy in the East: the Syriac and Persian-Indian conversions -- The formation of Arabic science, eighth through tenth centuries: translation and the creation of intellectual traditions -- Era of transfer into Latin: transformations of the medieval cosmos -- Science in the non-western world: levels of adaptation -- Record of recent matters: translations and the origins of modern Japanese science -- Japanese science in the making: of texts and translators -- The contemporary context: realities of change and difference -- Issues and examples for the study of scientific translation today -- Conclusions: gained in translation.
ISBN:
9780226534800
Format :
Book

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Central Library Q124 .M66 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

In this innovative work, Scott L. Montgomery explores the diverse roles that translation has played in the development of science from antiquity to the present--from the Arabic translations of Greek and Latin texts whose reintroduction to Europe was crucial to the Renaissance, to the origin and evolution of modern science in Japan.

"[A] book of great richness, as much for its examples as for its ideas, which keenly illustrate the development of knowledge across languages and epochs. It is a book to read and reread. Its subject is important; it is ours, it is our history." -André Clas, Meta: Journal des Traducteurs

"[T]his book . . . seems to stand alone on the shelf. A good thing, therefore, that it is so full of good things, both in the content and the prose." --William R. Everdell, MAA Online

"[A]n impressive work. . . . By reminding us of the role of diverse cultures in the elevation of science within a particular nation or civilization, the book makes a substantial contribution to the postmodern worldview that emphasizes multiculturalism." -- Choice


Author Notes

Scott L. Montgomery is a consulting geologist, writer, and independent scholar


Reviews 1

Choice Review

We look upon science as a body of knowledge acquired by painstaking research and discovery. But scientific knowledge also gradually spreads among peoples of the world through a complex process. In ancient times, ideas and insights were transferred from culture to culture primarily by travelers and tradesmen. In this impressive work, Montgomery traces some of the modes by which scientific knowledge traveled from region to region through translations. He focuses on the role of scientific works that were translated from one scientifically rich (at one time) language to a (relatively) poorer one. He explores the fascinating routes by which knowledge moved from ancient Greece to Persia, from India to Arab nations, from Islam into Christianity, from Europe to China and Japan. The work is based on considerable research and scholarship. The chapter on Japanese science in the making is particularly informative and should be an eye-opener to cultural chauvinists who keep science and enlightenment away from their doors because the ideas are "alien" to them. By reminding us of the role of diverse cultures in the elevation of science within a particular nation or civilization, the book makes a substantial contribution to the postmodern worldview that emphasizes multiculturalism. All levels. V. V. Raman; emeritus, Rochester Institute of Technology


Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction: Transfers of Learning, Questions of Influence
Part I The Heavens through Time and Space: A History of Translating Astronomy in the West
1 The Era of Roman Translation
From Greek Science to Medieval Manuscript
2 Astronomy in the East
The Syriac and Persian-Indian Conversions
3 The Formation of Arabic Science, Eighth through Tenth Centuries
Translation and the Creation of Intellectual Traditions
4 Era of Translation into Latin
Transformations of the Medieval World
Part II Science in the Non-Western World: Levels of Adaptation
5 Record of Recent Matters
Translation and the Origins of Modern Japanese Science
6 Japanese Science in the Making
Of Texts and Translators
Part III The Contemporary Context: Realities of Change and Difference
7 Issues and Examples for the Study of Scientific Translation Today
8 Conclusion
Gained in Translation
References
Index

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