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Central Library PS153.N5 T64 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

Melvin B. Tolson (1898-1966) was both a participant in and historian of the Harlem Renaissance, probably the most significant movement in African American literature and culture. Known mostly for his poetry, and an unduly neglected figure in American literary history, Tolson was one of the first African American critics of the Harlem Renaissance. This book is an edition of his 1940 MA thesis, the first academic study of the Harlem Renaissance written by an African American scholar. Tolson's thesis, previously unpublished in its entirety, provides a unique look at this important era and draws heavily on his familiarity with some of the most important writers of the movement.

Included are discussions of such major figures as Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, and W.E.B. Du Bois, along with chapters on lesser-known authors such as George Schuyler, Eric Walrond, and Jessie Fauset, who are now being rediscovered. An introductory essay surveys the history of Harlem Renaissance criticism and Tolson's place in it and evaluates his methodology and use of sources. The introduction additionally presents a brief biography and details the creation of his thesis. The text of Tolson's thesis appears in its entirety, along with his notes and those of the volume editor. The book closes with a bibliography of works on Tolson and a large but selective bibliography on the Harlem Renaissance in general.


Author Notes

MELVIN B. TOLSON (1898-1966), born in Moberly, Missouri, was an important yet often undervalued African American poet, journalist, and dramatist whose fame rests largely on four books of poetry: Rendezvous with America (1944), Libretto for the Republic of Liberia (1953), A Gallery of Harlem Portraits (1979), and Harlem Gallery: Book I, The Curator (1965). He also published a newspaper column, Caviar and Cabbage, which appeared in the Washington Tribune from October 9, 1937 to June 24, 1944 . He was named Poet Laureate of Liberia in 1947. In 1966 he received the National Institute and American Academy of Arts and Letters Award in Literature.

EDWARD J. MULLEN is Professor of Spanish at the University of Missouri-Columbia, where he has taught since 1971. He has been the coeditor of the Afro-Hispanic Review and has published numerous articles on Spanish American and African American literature. His previous books include Afro-Cuban Literature: Critical Junctures (Greenwood, 1998).


Table of Contents

Introduction
The Harlem Group of Negro Writers
Selected Bibliographies
Index

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