Cover image for The Endangered Species Act : history, conservation biology, and public policy
The Endangered Species Act : history, conservation biology, and public policy
Czech, Brian, 1960-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, [2001]

Physical Description:
xvii, 212 pages ; 23 cm
The endangered : species, acts, and democracy -- A history of endangered species in the United States -- Statutory, administrative, and academic evolution of the Endangered Species Act -- Traditional analyses of the Endangered Species Act -- Policy elements of the Endangered Species Act -- Social construction of Endangered Species Act targets -- Technical legitimacy of the Endangered Species Act -- Context of the Endangered Species Act -- Implications of the Endangered Species Act for democracy -- Property rights and the Endangered Species Act -- Summary and recommendations.
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Material Type
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Item Holds
KF5640 .C99 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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Since the 1970s, the Endangered Species Act (ESA), by virtue of its regulatory impact, has been a frequent subject of policy analysis. In this comprehensive history and critique of the ESA, Brian Czech and Paul R. Krausman incorporate the new model of policy design theory to frame a larger discussion about conservation biology and American democracy.

Czech and Krausman provide a historical background of endangered species policy that integrates natural history, socioeconomic trends, political movements, and professional developments. Outlining the controversies surrounding the ESA, they find a connection between challenges to species conservation and challenges to democracy. After an assessment of ESA analyses that have been performed from traditional perspectives, they engage policy design theory to review the structural logic of the ESA, analyzing each clause of the legislation for its application of the fundamental elements of democracy. To address the technical legitimacy of ESA, they propose two new genetic considerations--functional genome size and molecular clock speed--to supplement phylogenetic distinctiveness as criteria with which to prioritize species for conservation. Next, they systematically describe the socioeconomic context of ESA by assessing and classifying the causes of species endangerment.

A hybrid of policy analysis and ecological assessment, The Endangered Species Act: History, Conservation Biology, and Public Policy will appeal to scholars and students in the fields of natural resource policy and law, conservation biology, political science, wildlife ecology, and environmental history, and to professionals at agencies involved in wildlife conservation.

Author Notes

Brian Czech is a conservation biologist with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and is the author of Shoveling Fuel for a Runaway Train: Errant Economists, Shameful Spenders, and a Plan to Stop Them All. Paul R. Krausman is a professor of wildlife science and associate director of the Arizona Agriculture Experiment Station at the University of Arizona. His previous books include Rangeland Wildlife and Ecology and Management of Large Mammals in North America (co-edited).

Reviews 1

Choice Review

The authors of this brief book on the Endangered Species Act (ESA) had two goals in mind: to provide a multidisciplinary analysis of the act and its impact and to critique several schools of policy analysis while promoting their own--called policy design analysis. Czech and Krausman bring backgrounds in conservation biology, public sector employment, and political science to both tasks equally well, though the book really speaks to two different audiences. Students of environmental studies will find useful, detailed analysis of the ESA's logic, history, and impact, including interesting discussions of species prioritization and takings jurisprudence. Political scientists will find a solid critique of mainstream schools of policy analysis along with an emphasis on the importance of the social construction of policy issues. The authors emphasize the importance of analyzing how socioeconomic context shapes both policy making and outcomes, referring specifically in this case to the role of economic growth and agricultural production as central threats to the habitat of endangered species. The book provides an overview of all these issues, which recommends it to beginners in both audiences, but it is not a substitute for in-depth case studies. R. M. Rakoff Hampshire College

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables
Preface and Acknowledgments
Part 1 Setting The Stage
1 The Endangered: Species, Acts, and Democracy
2 A History of Endangered Species in the United States
3 Statutory, Administrative, and Academic Evolution of the Endangered Species Act
4 Traditional Analyses of the Endangered Species Act
Part 2 A Policy Design Analysis Of The Endangered Species Act
5 Policy Elements of the Endangered Species Act
6 Social Construction of Endangered Species Act Targets
7 Technical Legitimacy of the Endangered Species Act
8 Context of the Endangered Species Act
9 Implications of the Endangered Species Act for Democracy
10 Property Rights of the Endangered Species Act
11 Summary and Recommendations
Appendix 1 Clause-specific Assumptions of ESA Authors
Appendix 2 Common and Latin Names of Species Mentioned in the Text
Appendix 3 Legal Citations