Cover image for The eradication of smallpox : Edward Jenner and the first and only eradication of a human infectious disease
Title:
The eradication of smallpox : Edward Jenner and the first and only eradication of a human infectious disease
Author:
Bazin, H.
Personal Author:
Uniform Title:
Ce bon docteur Jenner. English
Publication Information:
San Diego, Calif. : Academic Press, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
xx, 246 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
Section 1. For those who have forgotten or never knew what smallpox was like. On the long struggle of man, before Jenner, to fight smallpox (1721-1798) -- section 2. The life and work of Jenner. The young Jenner (1749-1772) ; Jenner, naturalist and country surgeon (1772-1795) ; The myth becomes reality (1795-1798) ; Jenner's hard-won victory in England, his own country (1798-1823) ; The particular case of Napoleonic France (1798-1815) ; Vaccination spreads across Europe and the United States and then throughout the rest of the world (1798-1810) ; Honours and resentment for Jenner (1801-1823) -- section 3. The perfect ending to the story : the eradication of smallpox. Post-Jennerian vaccination (1823-1979) ; Smallpox vaccination : its value and its limitations (1798-1979) ; The anti-vaccination movements (1798-1979) ; The eradication of smallpox : Jenner's posthumous triumph (1959-1979) ; Jenner, vaccination and ethics (1796 to the present day) ; What should be done about the smallpox virus?
Personal Subject:
ISBN:
9780120834754
Format :
Book

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Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library R489.J5 B3513 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

Simply, and with great humanity, The Eradication of Smallpox tells the story of smallpox - it's origins, the horror of the disease, and the millions of people killed or disfigured by it. During the 18th and 19th centuries, it is estimated that one out of every ten people died from the disease; some say one out of every seven. Smallpox attacked very young children in particular.

The story progresses with the practice of variolation, the life of Edward Jenner who first proposed 'vaccination' with cow pox vaccine (little James Phipps was the first person ever vaccinated in this way), the years of debate about the efficacy of this novel method, and the later worldwide initiatives to rid the planet of this horrific disease. In 1979, the story culminates in the only total eradication of an infectious disease that mankind has ever accomplished. This year celebrates the 20th anniversary of this momentous achievement.

In the intervening years, debate has raged about what we should do with the remaining smallpox viral stocks. Do we destroy them, so they can't fall into the hands of bioterrorists, or do we maintain them, in case they may be of use in some unexpected way, for therapeutic purposes? These questions are thoroughly discussed in the book.



Covers the background, history and origin of smallpox, and brings the story up to the present day Gives full and interesting details of Jenner's life, and tells how this humble country doctor brought about a revolution in vaccination Includes many quotes from historical figures Features 120 high quality photographs, many originating from unique historical plates in the author's private collection Includes new research data Provides new views on the eradication and destruction of smallpox


Author Notes

Herv#65533; Bazin is Professeur Extraordinaire at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Louvain, Belgium.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Epidemics of smallpox have plagued humanity through the centuries. The feasibility and safety of vaccination, the subsequent standardization of the vaccine, and the ultimate institution of compulsory vaccination worldwide has resulted in the eradication of the causative variola virus, arguably the greatest achievement of the World Health Organization (WHO); all this has been the subject of several books, notably the magisterial work published by WHO, Smallpox and its Eradication by F. Fenner et al. (CH, Jul'88). The promise that vaccination can eradicate other infectious diseases now threatening humanity, such as AIDS and "mad-cow" disease, has captured the imagination of most and has been the center of intense scientific activity and extensive media coverage. Bazin (Univ. of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium) recounts the story of eradicating smallpox; he focuses on the role of Edward Jenner (1749-1823), who in 1796 introduced vaccination by inoculation with attenuated cowpox virus. A brief overview of the history of smallpox is followed by material on how Jenner's vaccine was refined and successfully applied in the eradication of smallpox in the ensuing eight decades. Very few social, political, and scientific events that shaped this major accomplishment are considered. Originally published in French, the translation is rather stiff, lacking in fluency, and does not read smoothly. Attractive illustrations. General readers. G. Eknoyan; Baylor College of Medicine


Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Foreword
Chronology: The life of Edward Jenner Introduction
For those who have forgotten or never knew what smallpox was like: On the long struggle of man, before Jenner, to fight smallpox
The life and work of Jenner: The young Jenner (1749-1772)
Jenner, naturalist and country surgeon
The myth becomes reality (1795-1798)
Jenner's hard-won victory in England, his own country
The particular case of Napoleonic France
Vaccination spreads across Europe and the United States and then throughout the rest of the world
Honours and resentment for Jenner (1801-1823)
The perfect ending to the story: the eradication of smallpox: Post-Jennerian vaccination (1823-1979)
Smallpox vaccination: its value and its limitations
The anti-vaccination movements (1798-1979)
The eradication of smallpox: Jenner's posthumous triumph
Jenner, vaccination and ethics (1796 to the present day)
What should be done about the smallpox virus? Conclusion
Some comments on current immunity to smallpox
Glossary
References
Index

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