Cover image for The complete guide to the hazardous waste regulations : RCRA, TSCA, HMTA, OSHA, and Superfund
Title:
The complete guide to the hazardous waste regulations : RCRA, TSCA, HMTA, OSHA, and Superfund
Author:
Wagner, Travis.
Personal Author:
Edition:
Third edition.
Publication Information:
New York : J. Wiley, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
xxiv, 536 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780471292487
Format :
Book

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Central Library KF3946 .W34 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

"A very well-written handbook." --Ground Water (on the Second Edition)

"Presented in a very readable and understandable format." --The Hazardous Waste Consultant (on the Second Edition)

The foremost in-depth survey of federal hazardous waste regulations in the United States--now in a new edition

The Complete Guide to the Hazardous Waste Regulations is a proven source of clear information on a regulatory system that many find frustratingly complex. Now updated to include additional compliance checklists, Internet resources, and more, this Third Edition provides vital information on all aspects of hazardous materials, from proper on-site management and transportation to appropriate off-site management and cleanup. Author Travis Wagner, one of the nation′s leading experts on the subject, provides a step-by-step approach to compliance that goes beyond summarization to help industry professionals truly understand regulations and how they relate to real-world situations. Complete with dozens of user-friendly checklists, flow charts, text boxes, and tables, this indispensable resource includes:
∗ Information on EPA interpretations of regulations not included in other handbooks
∗ Clear explanations of many state-level hazardous waste requirements
∗ A new chapter on spill reporting, giving a step-by-step explanation with attention to multiple federal laws
∗ An appendix listing the Superfund and EPCRA reportable quantity for each RCRA hazardous waste
∗ Additional appendices covering RCRA hazardous wastes, hazardous constituents, groundwater monitoring constituents, permit modification classifications, additional information sources, and important acronyms


Author Notes

Travis P. Wagner is an environmental scientist with Science Applications International Corporation in Falls Church, Virginia.


Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xix
A Guide to Readersp. xxi
Part I The Resource Conservation and Recovery Actp. 1
Hazardous Waste Managementp. 1
Applicability of RCRAp. 2
Regulatory Sectionsp. 2
State Requirementsp. 3
Petitionsp. 3
RCRA'S Relationship with NEPAp. 4
1. Key Definitions under RCRAp. 5
2. Hazardous Waste Identification/Classificationp. 27
The Identification/Classification Processp. 28
Solid Waste Classificationp. 29
Excluded Wastesp. 30
Wastes Excluded from the Definition of Solid Wastep. 30
Wastes Excluded from the Definition of Hazardous Wastep. 34
Hazardous Waste Classificationp. 40
Listed Hazardous Wastesp. 41
Hazardous Waste Characteristicsp. 45
Special Categories of Hazardous Wastep. 48
Recycling Hazardous Wastesp. 53
Recycling Processp. 54
Excluded Recyclable Wastesp. 54
Classification of Recyclable Materialsp. 55
Requirements for Recycling Hazardous Wastep. 60
3. Generatorsp. 68
Definition of a Generatorp. 69
Requirements for All Generatorsp. 72
Counting Hazardous Wastep. 72
Changing Generator Categoriesp. 73
Conditionally Exempt Small-Quantity Generatorsp. 73
Small- and Large-Quantity Generatorsp. 74
EPA Identification Numberp. 75
On-site Accumulationp. 75
Personnel Trainingp. 81
Preparedness and Preventionp. 82
Contingency Planp. 83
Emergency Proceduresp. 83
Pretransport Requirementsp. 87
Manifest Systemp. 87
Land Disposal Restrictionsp. 89
Waste Minimizationp. 90
Biennial Reportp. 91
Recordkeepingp. 91
Imports and Exports of Hazardous Wastep. 92
OECD-Covered Wastesp. 92
4. Shipping and Transportationp. 105
Shippersp. 106
Hazardous Classification Procedurep. 106
Packagingp. 117
Labelingp. 118
Markingp. 119
Shipping Papersp. 122
Placardsp. 126
Trainingp. 126
Transportersp. 129
General Transporter Requirements under RCRAp. 129
General Transporter Requirements under HMTAp. 131
5. General Standards for Hazardous Waste Management Facilitiesp. 138
General Facility Standardsp. 140
Notification and Record Keepingp. 141
General Waste Handling Requirementsp. 143
Preparedness and Preventionp. 150
Contingency Planp. 150
Emergency Proceduresp. 151
Manifest Systemp. 152
Groundwater Monitoringp. 153
Groundwater Monitoring at Interim Status Unitsp. 153
Groundwater Monitoring at Permitted Unitsp. 162
Closure and Post-Closurep. 171
Closure Requirementsp. 171
Cleanup Requirementsp. 178
Post-Closure Carep. 184
Financial Responsibility Requirementsp. 186
Financial Assurance for Closure/Post-Closurep. 186
Liability Coveragep. 190
Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilitiesp. 191
6. Technical Standards for Hazardous Waste Management Unitsp. 198
Container Storage Unitsp. 199
Additional Requirements for Permitted Unitsp. 200
Closurep. 200
Tank Systemsp. 200
Small-Quantity-Generator Tank Systemsp. 201
Large-Quantity-Generator Tank Systemsp. 201
Non-Generator Tank Systemsp. 202
New Tank Systemsp. 206
Surface Impoundmentsp. 207
General Operating Requirementsp. 207
Waste Analysisp. 208
Closurep. 208
Waste Pilesp. 209
Requirements for Interim Status Waste Pilesp. 209
Requirements for Permitted Waste Pilesp. 210
Land Treatment Unitsp. 211
General Operating Requirementsp. 211
Waste Analysisp. 211
Closurep. 212
Landfillsp. 212
Closure and Post-Closurep. 213
Incineratorsp. 213
Requirements for Interim Status Incineratorsp. 214
Requirements for Permitted Incineratorsp. 215
Thermal Treatment Unitsp. 217
Chemical, Physical, and Biological Treatmentp. 217
Miscellaneous Unitsp. 217
Containment Buildingsp. 219
Underground Injection Wellsp. 220
7. Permits and Interim Statusp. 222
Exclusions from RCRA Permitsp. 224
Specific Exclusionsp. 224
Permit-by-Rulep. 224
Permit Application Processp. 225
New Facilitiesp. 225
Existing Facilitiesp. 225
Interim Statusp. 226
Application Process for Obtaining Interim Statusp. 226
General Requirementsp. 227
Specific Operational Requirements under Interim Statusp. 227
Hazardous Waste Management Permitsp. 228
Part B Permit Application Processp. 229
Administrative and Technical Reviewp. 233
Public Involvement During the Permitting Processp. 234
Standards Applicable to All Permitsp. 236
Draft Permitp. 237
Permit Issuancep. 237
Permit Denialp. 237
Permit Appealsp. 238
Permit Reapplicationp. 238
Permit Modificationsp. 239
RCRA Post-Closure Permitsp. 245
Special Permitsp. 246
Research, Demonstration, and Development Permitsp. 246
Emergency Permitsp. 246
8. Land Disposal Restrictionsp. 248
Applicabilityp. 248
Requirementsp. 251
Hazardous Waste Management Facilitiesp. 251
Generatorsp. 252
Reclamation of Restricted Wastesp. 253
Schedule of Restrictionsp. 253
Treatment Standardsp. 254
Universal Treatment Standardsp. 255
Variances from the Land Disposal Restrictionsp. 255
National Capacity Variancesp. 255
No-Migration Petitionsp. 255
Case-By-Case Extensionsp. 256
Treatment Variancesp. 256
9. RCRA Corrective Actionp. 258
Corrective Action for Prior Releasesp. 259
Definitionsp. 260
Implementationp. 261
Interim Status Corrective Action Ordersp. 262
Corrective Action Beyond Facility Boundariesp. 263
The Corrective Action Processp. 263
RCRA Facility Assessmentp. 265
RCRA Facility Investigationp. 267
Corrective Measures Studyp. 268
Remedy Selectionp. 269
Corrective Measures Implementationp. 270
Public Participationp. 271
10. Enforcement and State Authorizationp. 273
RCRA's Enforcement Programp. 273
Compliance Evaluation Inspectionsp. 274
Enforcement Optionsp. 275
EPA Enforcement Action in Authorized Statesp. 282
Citizen Suitsp. 282
State Authorizationp. 283
Program Elementsp. 284
Program Descriptionp. 284
Attorney General's Statementp. 285
Memorandum of Agreementp. 285
Approval Processp. 285
States with Different Programsp. 286
Revising State Programsp. 286
Program Reversionp. 293
Part II Superfundp. 295
Superfund's Relationship to Other Major Lawsp. 297
Resource Conservation and Recovery Actp. 297
National Environmental Policy Actp. 297
11. Key Definitions under Superfundp. 299
12. Release Reporting Requirementsp. 309
Spill Reportingp. 309
Superfundp. 310
EPCRA Spill Reportingp. 315
TSCA/PCB Spill Reportingp. 316
HMTA Spill Reportingp. 317
CWA Spill Reportingp. 317
Notification of Previous Hazardous Waste Managementp. 319
Reporting to the Toxic Release Inventoryp. 320
Reportable Informationp. 322
13. Response Actions Under Superfundp. 325
Response Authorityp. 325
Petroleum Exclusionp. 325
Prohibited Response Actionsp. 326
National Contingency Planp. 326
Response Actionsp. 327
Removal Response Actionp. 327
Remedial Response Actionp. 329
Liabilityp. 329
Miscellaneous Liability Provisionsp. 329
Liability Limitsp. 331
Exemptions to the Liability Provisionsp. 332
Defenses to CERCLA Liabilityp. 332
Natural Resource Damagesp. 335
Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiativep. 336
Federal Facilitiesp. 338
Schedule for Response Actititiesp. 338
Miscellaneous Federal Facilities Provisionsp. 338
14. Remedial Responsep. 340
Remedial Response Action Processp. 340
Site Discoveryp. 342
Preliminary Assessmentp. 342
Site Inspectionp. 344
Hazard Ranking Analysisp. 345
National Priorities List Determinationp. 345
Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Studyp. 347
Remedy Selection/Record of Decisionp. 361
Remedial Designp. 363
Remedial Actionp. 364
Deletion from the NPLp. 364
15. Miscellaneous Provisions Under Superfundp. 366
Enforcementp. 366
Identification of PRPsp. 367
Settlementsp. 368
Cost Recoveryp. 371
Citizen Suitsp. 371
Public Participationp. 371
Administrative Record Filep. 372
Community Relations Planp. 372
Response-Action Specific Requirementsp. 373
Technical Assistance Grantsp. 374
Worker Safety and Health Programp. 374
Program Componentsp. 375
Part III The Toxic Substances Control Actp. 381
TSCA's Relationship to Other Major Lawsp. 382
Resource Conservation and Recovery Actp. 382
Superfundp. 383
National Environmental Policy Actp. 383
16. Key PCB Definitionsp. 385
17. Use, Storage, and Disposal of PCBSp. 396
Introductionp. 396
What PCBS Arep. 396
Overview of PCB Regulationp. 397
PCBs in Electrical Equipmentp. 399
PCB Electrical Equipment Regulatory Program Overviewp. 399
PCB Classificationsp. 400
Transformersp. 401
Capacitorsp. 404
Miscellaneous Equipmentp. 405
PCB Marking Requirementsp. 406
PCB Storage Requirementsp. 406
Storage Facility Requirementsp. 407
Additional Storage Optionsp. 407
Inspections During Storagep. 408
Bulk Storagep. 408
Storage Time Limitsp. 408
Laboratory Storagep. 409
PCB Disposal Requirementsp. 410
Transformersp. 410
Capacitorsp. 411
Containersp. 411
Liquidsp. 412
Soil and Debrisp. 412
Alternative Disposal Methodsp. 412
Exporting and Importing PCBS for Disposalp. 412
Record Keeping and Reportingp. 413
Notification of PCB Waste Activityp. 413
Manifest Systemp. 414
Certificate of Disposalp. 416
Annual Recordsp. 417
TSCA Enforcement Provisionsp. 418
Citizen Suitsp. 419
Civil and Criminal Penaltiesp. 419
Imminent Hazardp. 419
18. PCB Spill Cleanup Requirementsp. 424
Introductionp. 424
Compliance with the National PCB Spill Cleanup Policyp. 425
PCB Spill Reporting Requirementsp. 426
PCB Spill Cleanup Requirementsp. 426
Small Low-Concentration Spillsp. 429
High-Concentration and Large Low-Concentration Spillsp. 430
Post-Cleanup Sampling Requirementsp. 431
Record-keeping Requirementsp. 432
Appendixes
A List of RCRA Hazardous Wastesp. 433
B Hazardous Constituents (The Appendix VIII Constituents)p. 469
C Groundwater Monitoring Constituentsp. 475
D Classification of RCRA Permit Modificationsp. 479
E Information Sourcesp. 493
F Acronymsp. 519
Indexp. 527

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