Cover image for Industry, architecture, and engineering : American ingenuity, 1750-1950
Industry, architecture, and engineering : American ingenuity, 1750-1950
Bergeron, Louis, 1929-
Personal Author:
Uniform Title:
Patrimoine industriel des Etats-Unis. English
Publication Information:
New York : Harry N. Abrams, 2000.
Physical Description:
287 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
Format :


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NA6402 .B4713 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Oversize

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This volume provides an illustrated study of American industrial architecture and civil engineering from the mid-18th century to World War II. The 350 compelling bandw photographs (drawn mostly from the Historic American Engineering Record of the National Park Service) and text by Bergeron and Maiullari-Pontois (experts in the field of industrial archaeology) weave together several significant themes of American history--not only the technological advances and the milestones of civil engineering, but also the socioeconomic impact of these developments and their architectural manifestation. The seven chapters discuss the two phases of industrialization in the U.S., major themes in the U.S. industrial heritage, and understanding our industrial heritage. Oversize: 10.25x11.50". Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

Author Notes

Louis Bergeron is president of Ticcih (The International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage) and president of the Ecomusee du Creusot-Montceau les Mines in the Burgundy region of France. Formerly a professor of economic history at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris, he has been involved in the study of industrial heritage for more than twenty years. He has been a visiting professor at Cornell University, the University of Montreal, the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, the University of California at Irvine, and New York University
Maria Teresa Maiullari-Pontois is secretary of Ticcih (The International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage) and researcher in charge of the foreign program at the Ecomusee du Creusot-Montceau les Mines. She also teaches part-time at the Universite de Paris IV-Sorbonne
Eric Delony is chief and principal architect of the Historic American Engineering Record of the National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

Reviews 2

Library Journal Review

By and large, humble buildings have been the detritus of architectural history. With few exceptions, such as the work of the late Henry-Russell Hitchcock and the Society for Industrial Archeology, the canonical history of architecture has rarely included the often large-scale and noble buildings constructed for industry and manufacturing. Thanks to the impressive work of the National Park Service's Historic American Buildings Survey, systematic and informative documentation and study of the industrial vernacular now exist. This handsomely produced volume is filled with exemplary black-and-white photographs of mills, dams, canals, bridges, and other structures that blur the distinction between mere building and architecture. Seemingly incidental in relation to the illustrations, the essays thoughtfully divide the topic into three sections: the history of industrialization, major types (civil, engineering, mining, or manufacturing), and the environmental impact of our industrial heritage. Recommended for larger architecture and urban design collections.DPaul Glassman, New York Sch. of Interior Design Lib. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

Bergeron and Maiullari-Pontois (TICCIH) present a historic survey of 200 years of US industry, architecture, and engineering. The contents range from New England textile mills to Detroit's automobile plants, from great engineering achievements in bridges, canals, and dams, to Appalachian coal mines. The authors are president and secretary from The International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage (TICCIH); Eric Delony, foreword author, is chief and principal architect of the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER), National Park Service. They present a strong case for the preservation and recording of American industrial sites. They propose preserving this heritage in museums, living heritage museums, creative readaptation and reuse of factories, bridges, and industrial sites, and finally, with accurate documentation. They include 350 beautiful black-and-white photographs, both historical and contemporary, mostly from HAER's Archives. This book is suited to both historians and those interested in architecture and engineering. However, the authors are more interested in the historical aspects of industrial development than in the design and engineering aspects of the selected sites. Even though they intertwine extensive historical data, the text is still highly readable. General readers; undergraduates; professionals; two-year technical program students. S. Visser; Purdue University

Table of Contents

Eric DeLony
Foreword: American Industrial Archaeologyp. 9
Introduction: The Industrial Heritage: A Living Memory and an Instrument of Knowledgep. 21
Part 1 The Two Phases of Industrialization in the United Statesp. 27
1. A "European-style" Industrialization: New England from Independence to the Civil Warp. 29
Metallurgy, the Pioneers' Heritage
Water Mills, the Infrastructure for the First Phase of Industrialization
The Alliance of Textiles and Hydraulic Power
The Rise in the Scale of Power
Paterson and Lowell: The Birth of a Technological Model
The Success of the Model in New England
The Spread of the Lowell System
The American Industrial Landscape Takes Shape
2. The Rise of Industrial Giants: From the Civil War to World War IIp. 57
In the Textile Industry, the Era of Giant Factories
The Arrival of the Coke-Fueled Iron and Steel Industry
Naval Yards and Arsenals
The Twentieth-Century Factory: Mass Consumption and the Rationalization of Work
Part 2 Major Themes in the Industrial Heritage of the United Statesp. 109
3. Civil Engineering Takes Commandp. 111
Bridges by the Thousands
Port Facilities
4. Harnessing Natural Resourcesp. 163
Upper Michigan: Copper and Iron
The Western Mining States: Silver and Copper
The Industrial Exploitation of Quarries
Energy Choices
Steam Power
The Introduction of Oil
A New Episode in Water Power
5. The Architecture of Industryp. 185
The Genealogy of Traditional Factories
A Brilliant Interlude: Cast Iron in Nineteenth-Century Architecture
A Technical, Functional, and Standardized Architecture
Turn-of-the-Century Eclecticism
Factory Architecture: Between Death and Rebirth
Part 3 Understanding Our Industrial Heritagep. 215
6. Industrial Landscapes, Industrial Wastelandsp. 217
Industry along the Water
Creating the Urban Environment
Company Towns
From Landscape to Wasteland
Industrial Wastelands: A Subject of Debate and an Object of Fascination
7. Rehabilitation, Preservation, Reusep. 245
A Movement Takes Form: From Technical Collections to Engineers' Associations
The Early Rehabilitation of Industrial Monuments
Early Urban Industrial Districts
The Concept of the Heritage Corridor
Setbacks in Preservation
Grain Elevators: A Burdensome Heritage
The Problem of Large Iron and Steel Sites
Conclusionp. 280
Indexp. 281
Bibliographyp. 285
Photograph Creditsp. 286
Acknowledgmentsp. 287