Cover image for Episcopalians and race : Civil War to civil rights
Episcopalians and race : Civil War to civil rights
Shattuck, Gardiner H.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Lexington, Ky. : University Press of Kentucky, [2000]

Physical Description:
xiii, 298 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Format :


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BX5979 .S53 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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This work examines the often ambivalent relationship between the predominantly white leadership of the Episcopal Church and black communities in the century leading up to and including the civil rights movement.

Author Notes

Gardiner H. Shattuck Jr., an Episcopal priest with a Ph.D. in religion from Harvard University

Reviews 2

Library Journal Review

This work is of particular interest to Episcopalians looking for an account of their church and the issues of race. Shattuck, an Episcopal priest and coauthor of The Encyclopedia of American Religious History, details endless facets of the struggles that existed within the church but fails to connect the particular significance of the Episcopal Church with respect to others in civil rights and race issues. The Episcopal Church experienced mass departures of blacks in the South after the Civil War, and black membership sank to levels below two percent by 1933. Segregation prevailed. Nationally, many churches began to address racial issues after 1939, and integration followed in the 1950s. Subsequently, in the late 1960s and 1970s, there was fragmentation and a breakup of the civil rights coalition. The controversial "black power" movement contributed to the breakup, along with questions regarding the distribution of funding and accountability. The church's goal of racial equality also competed with the goal of evangelism and church expansion. To date, many of the conflicts remain unresolved. Recommended for Episcopalians and theological collections.--George Westerlund, formerly with Providence P.L., Palmyra, VA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

Episcopalians and Race is a history of the Episcopal Church's relations with African Americans since the Civil War. Shattuck (The Encyclopedia of American Religious History, CH Jul'96) traces how racial attitudes shaped this ministry through denominational policies and practices, especially with regard to the education and ordination of black ministerial candidates; the segregation and later integration of parish worship, as well as Episcopal-sponsored institutions; the involvement of Episcopalians in the Civil Rights Movement, and the resistance of many southern clergy and bishops to the same; and the response of the church to the Black Power movement of the later 1960s. Shattuck delves deeply into primary sources, including interviews with living participants in these racial debates and struggles, and presents a readable and engaging narrative. The work's only major flaw is the author's point of view, which shifts frequently between that of the historian and that of the churchman, and does not always try to represent the positions of the (several) parties involved equitably. On the whole, though, this work will be of considerable benefit to scholars, students, church members of all denominations, and anyone concerned with issues of racial justice in the American context. All readership levels. P. W. Williams; Miami University

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Part I Segregation
1. Racial Paternalism and Christian Mission after the Civil Warp. 7
2. Negro Work and the Decline of the Jim Crow Churchp. 31
Part II Integration
3. The Impact of the Brown Decisionp. 59
4. Theology, Social Activism, and the Founding of ESCRUp. 87
5. The Church's Response to the Civil Rights Crisisp. 109
6. Christian Witness and Racial Integration in the Deep Southp. 135
Part III Fragmentation
7. Black Power and the Urban Crisis in the Northp. 163
8. Backlash and the End of the Civil Rights Erap. 187
Epiloguep. 215
Notesp. 219
Indexp. 285