Cover image for How people learn : brain, mind, experience, and school
How people learn : brain, mind, experience, and school
Bransford, John.
Expanded edition.
Publication Information:
Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press, [2000]

Physical Description:
x, 374 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
Learning : from speculation to science -- How experts differ from novices -- Learning and transfer -- How children learn -- Mind and brain -- The design of learning environments -- Effective teaching : examples in history, mathematics, and science -- Teaching learning -- Technology to support learning -- Conclusions -- Next Steps for Research.
Added Author:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
LB1060 .H672 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning.

Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb.

How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system.

Topics include:

How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.

Table of Contents

Part I Introduction
1 Learning: From Speculation to Sciencep. 3
Part II Learners and Learning
2 How Experts Differ from Novicesp. 31
3 Learning and Transferp. 51
4 How Children Learnp. 79
5 Mind and Brainp. 114
Part III Teachers and Teaching
6 The Design of Learning Environmentsp. 131
7 Effective Teaching: Examples in History, Mathematics, and Sciencep. 155
8 Teacher Learningp. 190
9 Technology to Support Learningp. 206
Part IV Future Directions for the Science of Learning
10 Conclusionsp. 233
11 Next Steps for Researchp. 248
Referencesp. 285
Biographical Sketches of Committees' Members and Staffp. 349
Acknowledgmentsp. 358
Indexp. 363