Cover image for Encyclopedia of modern separatist movements
Title:
Encyclopedia of modern separatist movements
Author:
Hewitt, Christopher.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
xv, 366 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm
Language:
English
Added Author:
ISBN:
9781576070079
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

These informative entries examine the full range of modern separatist movements and insurgencies in the world today, including coverage of related organizations, parties, campaigns, political events, and leaders.

* An introductory essay defines and explains ethnic separatist and unification movements, including causes and outcomes

* A chronology places events in historical perspective

* Coverage is enhanced by illustrations and original maps


Author Notes

Christopher Hewitt is a professor of sociology at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County
Tom Cheetham is an independent scholar specializing in international relations and political science


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

A publisher of numerous works on contemporary warfare and history has produced another excellent and accurate resource. Hewitt, a sociologist, has written on ethnic conflict and political violence, and Cheetham is an independent scholar in international relations and political science. The introduction describes the range of ethnic separatism around the world since World War II and theories on the phenomenon. Six black-and-white regional maps provide an overview of the movements but are not detailed enough to cover all the areas or activities. Maps also accompany some articles. In addition to a contents section at the front of the work, running heads make the volume easy to use. The 400 entries are alphabetically arranged. Article length varies from a few paragraphs to several pages in cases where the movement toward separatism has been a strong force, for example, in the entries Northern Ireland and Northern Irish Peace Agreement. Coverage includes nations, ethnic groups, regions, beliefs, agreements, claims, organizations, and people. See also references appear at the end of many entries, and nearly all articles include a current bibliographical reference. Black-and-white photos accompany several articles. The entries are quite current, noting, for example, that Russian President Boris Yeltsin resigned at the end of 1999 to make way for Vladimir Putin. Information is accurate and sufficient historical background is provided. The work is strengthened by an extensive chronology and bibliography and accurate index. This will be a useful reference source for medium-sized to large public libraries and academic libraries.


Choice Review

Although recent history is filled with efforts by various peoples to attain national self-determination, there has been little effort to identify and catalog such groups. Hewitt (who has worked in the State Department on the effectiveness of counterterrorist policies) and Cheetham provide a useful compendium of modern separatist movements. They focus on ethnic separatism and the territorial claims of ethnic groups, those seeking autonomy and independence as well as unification and reunification. They err on the side of inclusiveness, covering fringe groups such as the Republic of Texas. Most entries treat disputed territories, but some are concerned with specific peoples, especially where separatism spills over international borders. Countries facing multiple separatist movements are included, as are major issues, leaders, parties, and organizations. The work emphasizes post-WW II movements but includes some as early as the 1600s. Most entries have cross-references and a brief bibliography. The volume ends with a chronology and extensive bibliography. A solid and useful work, which one hopes will be updated regularly. Recommended for undergraduate collections and public libraries. ; Kansas State University


Table of Contents

Introductionp. xi
Regional Mapsp. 1
Abkhaziap. 11
Abrenep. 11
Acehp. 11
Adams, Gerryp. 12
Adygeap. 14
Adzhariap. 14
Afarp. 15
Afghanistanp. 15
Afrikanersp. 18
Albizu, Pedrop. 19
Alsacep. 20
American Indian Movementp. 20
Andalusiap. 22
Anglo-Irish Agreementp. 22
Anglo-Saxonismp. 23
Angolap. 23
Anguillap. 24
Apartheidp. 24
Arabistanp. 25
Arabsp. 25
Arafat, Yasirp. 26
Arakanp. 27
Armeniap. 28
Armenian Georgiansp. 28
Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armeniap. 29
Ashantip. 29
Assamp. 30
Australian Aboriginesp. 31
Azerbaijanp. 32
Azoresp. 33
Aztlanp. 33
Baluchistanp. 35
Baluchistan Liberation Frontp. 35
Banabap. 35
Bangladeshp. 35
Barbudap. 36
Barotselandp. 37
Bashkortostanp. 38
Basquesp. 38
Bavariap. 39
Befreiungs Ausschuss Sudtirolp. 40
Begin, Menachemp. 40
Belarusp. 40
Belgiump. 41
Belizep. 42
Ben-Gurion, Davidp. 43
Bhutanp. 43
Biafrap. 44
Black Homelandsp. 45
Black Separatism in the United Statesp. 47
Bophuthatswanap. 48
Bosnia and Herzegovinap. 49
Bougainvillep. 50
Brittanyp. 51
Bugandap. 52
Burmap. 53
Buryatiap. 55
Buthelezi, Mangosuthup. 56
Cameroonp. 59
Canary Islandsp. 60
Cape Verdep. 60
Casamancep. 61
Cataloniap. 61
Cesaire, Aimep. 61
Ceuta and Melillap. 62
Chadp. 62
Chameriap. 63
Chechnyap. 63
Chicano Movementp. 65
China's Nationality Policyp. 66
Chittagong Hill Tractsp. 68
Chuvashiap. 69
Ciskeip. 69
The Commonwealthp. 70
Commonwealth of Independent Statesp. 71
Comorosp. 71
Confederation of the Caucasian Peoplesp. 71
Cordillera Autonomy Movementp. 72
Corsicap. 72
Cossacksp. 73
Crimeap. 74
Crimean Russiansp. 75
Crimean Tatarsp. 76
Croatiap. 76
Cyprusp. 77
Czech Republicp. 79
Dagestanp. 81
Dayton Peace Accordp. 81
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestinep. 82
Djiboutip. 82
Donbas Russiansp. 82
Dudayev, Dzhokharp. 83
East African Federationp. 85
East Timorp. 85
Egypt's Claim to the Sudanp. 86
Enbatap. 87
English Speaking Unionp. 87
Eritreap. 87
Eritrean Liberation Frontp. 89
Eritrean People's Liberation Frontp. 89
Estoniap. 90
Ethiopiap. 91
Ethnic Cleansingp. 93
Ethnike Organosis Kyprion Agonistonp. 93
European Unionp. 94
Euzkadi ta Askatasunap. 94
Ewep. 95
Faeroe Islandsp. 97
Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinasp. 97
Fatahp. 98
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasalandp. 99
Federation of the West Indiesp. 99
Fernando Poop. 101
Francep. 101
French Guianap. 102
French Language Charterp. 102
French Polynesiap. 103
French West Africap. 103
Frieslandp. 104
Friulip. 104
Front de Liberation de la Bretagnep. 104
Front de Liberation du Quebecp. 105
Front de Liberation Nationale de la Corsep. 105
Fuerzas Armadas de Liberacion Nacionalp. 106
Gagauziap. 109
Galiciap. 109
Gambiap. 110
Gazankulup. 110
Georgiap. 110
German Reunificationp. 111
Ghanap. 113
Ghorkhalandp. 114
Gibraltarp. 114
Goap. 114
Greater Albaniap. 115
Greater Serbiap. 116
Greenlandp. 116
Grivas, Georgep. 117
Guadeloupep. 118
Guyanap. 119
Haganahp. 121
Hamasp. 121
Hawaiip. 122
Herzeg-Bosniap. 122
Hezbollahp. 123
Hong Kongp. 123
Hume, Johnp. 124
Hungariansp. 124
Hutt River Provincep. 125
Indiap. 127
Indigenous Peoplesp. 129
Indonesiap. 129
Ingushetiap. 130
Intifadap. 130
Iranian Azerbaijanp. 130
Iranian Kurdsp. 131
Iraqi Kurdsp. 132
Irgunp. 133
Irish Republican Armyp. 133
Irredentismp. 135
Islamic Jihadp. 135
Israelp. 135
Istriap. 139
Italyp. 139
Izetbegovic, Alijap. 140
Jammu and Kashmirp. 143
Jharkandp. 144
Jinnah, Mohammad Alip. 144
Jurap. 145
Justice Commandos of the Armenian Genocidep. 145
Kabaka Yekkap. 147
Kabardino-Balkariap. 147
Kachinp. 148
Kalimantan Utarap. 148
Kalmykiap. 148
Karachai-Cherkessiap. 149
Karadzic, Radovanp. 150
Kareliap. 150
Karenp. 150
Katangap. 151
Kazakhstanp. 153
Kenyap. 154
Khalistanp. 154
Komip. 155
Korean Reunificationp. 156
Kosovop. 158
Kosovo Liberation Armyp. 160
Krajinap. 161
Krasnodarp. 161
Kurdistanp. 161
Kurdistan Democratic Partyp. 163
Kuwaitp. 163
KwaNdebelep. 164
KwaZulup. 164
Kyrgyzstanp. 166
Lakota Nationp. 167
Latviap. 167
League of Empire Loyalistsp. 169
League of the Southp. 170
Lebanonp. 170
Lebowap. 172
Levesque, Renep. 173
Lewis, Saundersp. 173
Lezginsp. 173
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelamp. 174
Lithuaniap. 175
Lost Counties of Bunyorop. 175
Macaup. 177
Macedoniap. 177
Macedonian Questionp. 179
Macheterosp. 179
Makarios, Archbishopp. 180
Malaysiap. 181
Maltap. 182
Mangope, Lucasp. 183
Maorip. 183
Mapuchep. 185
Mari Elp. 185
Martiniquep. 186
Matanzima, Kaiserp. 187
Mauritaniap. 187
Maya of Guatemalap. 188
Mebyon Kernowp. 189
Meech Lake Accordp. 189
Meskhetian Georgiansp. 190
Milosevic, Slobodanp. 190
Moldovap. 192
Monp. 192
Mongoliansp. 193
Montagnardsp. 194
Montenegrop. 194
Mordovian Republicp. 196
Moro National Liberation Frontp. 196
Morosp. 197
Moskitiap. 198
Mujahidinp. 198
Nagalandp. 201
Nagorno-Karabakhp. 201
Narva and Petserimaap. 202
Native Americans of Canadap. 202
Native Americans of the United Statesp. 203
Netherlands Antillesp. 204
Nevisp. 204
New Caledoniap. 204
Newfoundlandp. 205
Nigeriap. 205
Nogaysp. 207
Nordic Councilp. 207
Norfolk Islandp. 208
North Atlantic Treaty Organizationp. 208
Northern Irelandp. 209
Northern Irish Peace Agreementp. 211
Nunavutp. 213
Ocalan, Abdullahp. 215
Occitaniap. 216
Oder-Neisse Linep. 216
Ogadenp. 217
Ogonip. 217
Ojukwu, Odumegwup. 218
Okinawap. 218
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europep. 219
Orkney Islandsp. 219
Oromiap. 219
Padaniap. 223
Pakistanp. 223
Palestine Liberation Organizationp. 225
Palestinian Authorityp. 227
Palestiniansp. 227
Pan-Africanismp. 230
Pan-Americanismp. 231
Pan-Turkismp. 232
Parti Quebecoisp. 233
Partido Nacionalista Vascop. 234
Pashtunistanp. 234
Pattani Malaysp. 235
Penang Secessionist Movementp. 236
Pishevari, Mir Ja'farp. 236
Plaid Cymrup. 236
Plavsic, Biljanap. 237
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestinep. 238
Postapartheid South Africap. 238
Provisional Sinn Feinp. 239
Puerto Rican Independence Partyp. 240
Puerto Ricop. 240
Quebecp. 243
Quebec Partitionp. 245
Qwa Qwap. 245
Republic of Texasp. 247
Reunionp. 248
Romaniap. 248
Rugova, Ibrahimp. 249
Rukhp. 250
Russian Federationp. 250
Russians in the Former Soviet Republicsp. 256
Rusynsp. 257
Rwandap. 257
Rwenzururup. 259
Saamip. 261
Saarp. 261
Sabahp. 262
Sakhap. 262
Salmond, Alexp. 263
Sanjakp. 263
Sanwi Liberation Frontp. 264
Sardiniap. 265
Schleswigp. 265
Scotlandp. 265
Scottish National Partyp. 266
Shanp. 267
Shetland Islandsp. 267
Sicilyp. 268
Sikkimp. 268
Singaporep. 268
Slavoniap. 270
Slovakiap. 270
Sloveniap. 272
Social Democratic and Labour Partyp. 272
Somaliap. 273
Somalisp. 274
Somalis in Kenyap. 275
South Africap. 275
South Moluccasp. 276
South Ossetiap. 277
South Tirolp. 278
Southern Kuril Islandsp. 278
Spainp. 279
Srpskap. 280
Stern Gangp. 281
Sudanp. 281
Sudtiroler Volksparteip. 282
Swazip. 283
Taiwanp. 285
Tajikistanp. 287
Talibanp. 288
Talyshp. 288
Tamil Eelamp. 289
Tamil Nadup. 291
Tangierp. 292
Tatarstanp. 292
Telanganap. 293
Tibetp. 293
Tigrayp. 295
Togolandp. 296
Transdniesterp. 296
Transkeip. 297
Transylvaniap. 298
Triestep. 299
Tshombe, Moisep. 299
Tuaregsp. 300
Tudjman, Franjop. 300
Turkish Kurdsp. 301
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprusp. 302
Turkmenistanp. 302
Tuvap. 302
Udmurtiap. 305
Ukrainep. 305
Union Democratique Bretonnep. 307
Union of Soviet Socialist Republicsp. 308
United Kingdomp. 308
United Nationsp. 309
Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organizationp. 310
Uyghursp. 310
Uzbekistanp. 311
Valle d'Aostap. 313
Vallieres, Pierrep. 313
Vemeranap. 313
Vendap. 313
Vietnamese Reunificationp. 314
Voivodinap. 314
Volksuniep. 315
Vologdap. 315
Walesp. 317
Walloon Rallyp. 317
Walvis Bayp. 318
Welsh Language Societyp. 318
West Irianp. 319
Western Canadian Separatismp. 319
Western Saharap. 319
White Separatism in the United Statesp. 320
Wigley, Dafyddp. 321
Yeltsin, Borisp. 323
Yemenp. 324
Yugoslaviap. 325
Zairep. 327
Zanzibarp. 327
Zapatista National Liberation Armyp. 329
Zimbabwep. 329
Chronologyp. 331
Bibliographyp. 339
Indexp. 351