Cover image for Meaning and argument : an introduction to logic through language
Title:
Meaning and argument : an introduction to logic through language
Author:
LePore, Ernest, 1950-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Malden, Mass. : Blackwell, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
xvi, 418 pages ; 24 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780631205814

9780631205821
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Meaning and Argument shifts introductory logic from the traditional emphasis on proofs to the symbolization of arguments. It is an ideal introduction to formal logic, philosophical logic, and philosophy of language.

Distinctive approach in that this text is a philosophical, rather than mathematical introduction to logic
Concentrates on symbolization and does all the technical logic simply with truth tables and no derivations at all
Contains numerous exercises and a corresponding answer key
Extensive Appendix which allows the reader to explore subjects that go beyond what is usually covered in an introductory logic course.


Author Notes

Ernest Lepore is Director of the Centre for Cognitive Science at Rutgers University. He is the author of numerous articles in philosophy of mind and is co-author (with Jerry Fodor) of Holism (Blackwell, 1991). He is editor of Truth and Interpretation (Blackwell, 1989). He is co-editor (with Zenon Pylyshyn) of What is Cognitive Science ? (Blackwell, 1999), and co-editor (with Robert Van Gulick) of John Searle and His Critics (Blackwell, 1992), as well as general editor of the series Philosophers and Their Critics, also published by Blackwell.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

This primer in logic spans an introductory logic course: truth tables, validity, propositional logic, predicate logic, formal proofs, consistency, and other topics, but verges on issues in philosophy of language beyond introductory logic. In demonstrating how logical formalisms begin in clarifying meanings in natural language, LePore (Rutgers Univ.) shows "how the need for expressive power and for drawing distinctions forces formal language development." Perspicuous in its organization, the book divides into concise chapters, which are subdivided into clearly labeled sections, and LePore provides a bibliographical listing instead of intruding those issues in the text. Logic teachers will compare LePore with Copi's Introduction to Logic (1953, 10th ed., 1998), which also begins with natural language and includes the syllogism and scientific induction; with Kahane and Tidman's Logic and Philosophy: A Modern Introduction (2d ed., 1973, 8th ed., 1999), which begins with propositional and predicate logic, and, with less attention to natural language, includes the syllogism, informal fallacies, and induction; and with Hurley's A Concise Introduction to Logic (1982, 7th ed., 2000), which includes informal fallacies, the syllogism, and induction, at the price of less attention to propositional and predicate logic. Undergraduate libraries will find LePore a useful addition to their collections of introductory texts in logic; also for general readers. J. Churchill; Hendrix College


Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Introduction
1 A Brief Introduction to Key Terms
2 Argument Forms and Propositional Logic
3 Conjunction
4 Negation
5 Truth Tables
6 Disjunction
7 Conditional
8 Truth Trees
9 Property Predicate Logic
10 Evaluating Arguments in Property Predicate Logic
11 Property Predicate Logic Refinements
12 Relational Predicate Logic
13 Relational Predicate Logic with Nested Quantifiers
14 Extending the Truth Tree Method to RPL
15 Negation, Only, and Restrictive Relative Clauses
16 Relational Predicate Logic with Identity
17 Verbs and their Modifiers
Appendix
Answers for Selected Exercises
Logical Symbols
Index