Cover image for NAFTA and the environment : seven years later
Title:
NAFTA and the environment : seven years later
Author:
Hufbauer, Gary Clyde.
Publication Information:
Washington, DC : Institute for International Economics, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
xiii, 70 pages ; 23 cm.
General Note:
"October 2000."
Language:
English
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780881322996
Format :
Book

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HF1746 .N3312 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

Air and water pollution blighted northern Mexican cities long before the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was a glimmer on the political horizon. Not surprisingly, when NAFTA became a political reality, environmentalists argued that commercial competition would weaken environmental standards in Canada and the United States and industrial growth in Mexico would further damage its weak environmental infrastructure. NAFTA's huge success in expanding free trade has concentrated population and environmental abuse at the US-Mexico border where it is most visible to Americans. Many environmental groups blame NAFTA and, drawing on its experience, now oppose new trade initiatives.Does the NAFTA record on the environment since 1994 justify its criticism?

In this seven-year analysis, the authors review NAFTA's environmental provisions, including a side accord--the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), the situation at the US-Mexican border, and the trends in North American environmental policy. They emphasize that the environmental problems of North America were not the result of NAFTA and the NAAEC was not devised to address all of them. The authors recommend ways to better NAFTA's environmental dimension in all three countries, and improve living conditions where economic growth is greatest--at the US-Mexican border. It makes more sense to tackle the shortcomings than to lament NAFTA and the economic growth it promotes.


Author Notes

Jeffrey J. Schott, Senior Fellow, was a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (1982-83) & an International Economist at the US Treasury (1974- 82). He is the author, coauthor, or editor of several books on the trading system, including Launching New Global Trade Talks: An Action Agenda (1998), Restarting Fast Track (1998), The World Trading System: Challenges Ahead (1996), The Uruguay Round: An Assessment (1994), Western Hemisphere Economic Integration (1994), NAFTA: An Assessment (rev. ed. 1993), North American Free Trade: Issues & Recommendations (1992), Completing the Uruguay Round: A Results-Oriented Approach to the GATT Trade Negotiations (1990), Free Trade Areas & U.S. Trade Policy (1989), The Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement: The Global Impact (1988), Auction Quotas and United States Trade Policy (1987) & Trading for Growth: The Next Round of Trade Negotiations (1985). (Bowker Author Biography)