Cover image for Notable twentieth-century Latin American women : a biographical dictionary
Title:
Notable twentieth-century Latin American women : a biographical dictionary
Author:
Tompkins, Cynthia, 1958-
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2001.
Physical Description:
xxiii, 324 pages : portraits ; 25 cm
Language:
English
Geographic Term:
ISBN:
9780313311123
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Notable Twentieth-Century Latin American Women is a powerful testimony to the outstanding contributions 72 of the most noteworthy women have made to their fields and to society. This volume covers a broad range of women excelling in the fields of politics, art, religion, government, education, literature, popular culture, and the sciences, with substantial, up-to-date biographical and career overviews. Many notables are international figures, such as former Nicaraguan President Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, Cuban Queen of Salsa Celia Cruz, and Mexican artist Frida Kahlo. Others, such as the Mirabal sisters, founders of a resistance movement against a repressive Dominican Republic regime, and Carmen Naranjo, a prolific Costa Rican author and champion of culture, merit the wider recognition offered here.

An excellent introduction detailing the status of Latin American women in the twentieth century is the ideal framework for appreciating the struggles of these women. In the entries, information given includes family and background details, education, influences, obstacles faced and overcome, and achievements. Each entry includes a Further Reading section to enable students and other interested readers to learn more about the woman's life. Numerous photos enhance the text.


Author Notes

Gaston A. Alzate is Codirector of Latin American, Latino, and Caribbean Studies at Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter, Minnesota
Nara Araujo, Professor of Comparative Literature at the University of La Habana, in Cuba, is currently teaching at the Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana in Mexico City
Marc Becker is Assistant Professor of Latin American History at Truman State University in Kirksville, Missouri
Catherine M. Bryan is Assistant Professor of Spanish at the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh
Eva Paulino Bueno teaches Spanish and Portuguese at Mukogawa Women's University in Hyogo, Japan
Maria Cristina Burgueno is Assistant Professor of Spanish at Marshall University in Huntington, West Virginia
Horacio Campodonico teaches Critical History of Cinema at the Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Guadalupe Cortina is Assistant Professor of Latin American Literature at Texas AandM University College Station
Clarice Deal teaches Portuguese at Arizona State University in Tempe
Ruben D. Duran is a New York City-based artist educator
Adriana Fernandes is Associate Professor of Musicology at the Universidade Federal de Goias in Goiania, Brazil
Fabiola Fernandez Salek is a doctoral student at Arizona State University in Tempe
Deborah Foote is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Chicago
Melissa M. Forbis is Coordinator of Proyecto Integral de Salud y Tecnologia Apropiada in Mexico City
David William Foster is Chair of the Department of Languages and Literatures and Regent's Professor of Spanish, Humanities, and Women's Studies at Arizona State University in Tempe
Roberto Fuertes-Manjon is Assistant Professor of Spanish at Midwestern State University in Wichita Falls, Texas
Sandra Garabano is Assistant Professor of Spanish at the University of Texas, El Paso
Heidi Ann Garcia is a Ph.D. candidate at Arizona State University in Tempe
Manuel Garcia Castellon is Associate Professor of Spanish at the University of New Orleans
Ester Gimbernat Gonzalez is Professor of Spanish at the University of Northern Colorado in Greeley
M. Cristina Guzzo is Assistant Professor of Spanish at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana
Judy Hinojosa is an Honors College student in Psychology and Women's Studies at Arizona State University in Tempe
Asuncion Horno-Delgado is Associate Professor of Spanish at the University of Colorado at Boulder
Linda S. Howe is Assistant Professor of Spanish at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Miguel Huezo Mixco is the Publications Director of the Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y el Arte in San Salvador, El Salvador
Raquel Jacobs teaches Spanish at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C.
Frances Jaeger is Assistant Professor of Spanish at Northern Illinois University in De Kalb
Jane S. Jaquette is Bertha Harton Orr Professor in the Liberal Arts and Professor of Politics at Occidental College in Los Angeles, California
Carlos Jauregui is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Pittsburgh
Oscar Rafael Jimenez Gonzalez is Professor of Sociology at the Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Mexico City Campus
Beth E. Jorgensen is Associate Professor of Spanish at the University of Rochester, New York.
Karen Kampwirth is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois
Linda I. Koski is Assistant Professor of Spanish at Santa Clara University in California.
Michael R. Kulisheck is a senior analyst with the political research firm of Talmey-Drake Research and Strategy in Boulder, Colorado
Gregory D. Lagos-Montoya is Assistant Professor at Universidad de Los Lagos in Osorno, Chile
Ilse Abshagen Leitinger is Coordinator of the Instituto Monteverde's Gender and Women's Studies Program in San Jose, Costa Rica
Darrell B. Lockhart is Assistant Professor of Spanish at the University of Nevada-Reno
Maria Del Mar Lopez-Cabrales is Assistant Professor of Spanish at Colorado State University in Fort Collins
Ignacio Lopez-Calvo is Assistant Professor of Spanish at California State University in Los Angeles
Diane E. Marting is Assistant Professor of Spanish at the University of Florida in Gainesville
Rose McEwen teaches Spanish at the State University of New York at Geneseo.
Chiara Merino Perez is a graduate student at Arizona State University in Tempe
Jorge Vital Moreira is Visiting Lecturer of Spanish and Portuguese at Lawrence University in Appleton, Wisconsin
Robert Neustadt is Assistant Professor of Spanish at Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff
Cecilia Ojeda is Assistant Professor of Spanish at Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff
Francisco Ortega is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Chicago and Dissertation Fellow at Boston College
Myriam Osorio is Visiting Lecturer at the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay
Gema P. Perez-Sanchez is Assistant Professor of Spanish at the University of Miami, Coral Gables
Levilson C. Reis is Assistant Professor of French at Otterbein College in Westerville, Ohio
Carlos Manuel Rivera is Visiting Professor of Spanish at Davidson College in North Carolina
Ricardo Roque Baldovinos is Professor of the Department of Letters at the Universidad Centroamericana de El Salvador, San Salvador
Adriana Rosman-Askot is Assistant Professor of Latin American Literature at the College of New Jersey in Ewing
Patricia Rubio is Associate Professor of Spanish and Director of Women's Studies at Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, New York.
Lizbeth Souza Fuertes is Assistant Professor of Spanish and Portuguese and Assistant Director of Latin American Studies at Baylor University in Waco, Texas
Lynn Stephen is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Oregon in Eugene
Juana Suarez is Assistant Professor of Spanish at the University of Mississippi in Oxford
Tomas F. Taraborrelli is a graduate student at the University of California, irvine
Cynthia Margarita Tompkins is Associate Professor of Spanish at Arizona State University in Tempe
Steven Torres is an Instructor of Spanish at the University of Nebraska at Omaha
Rhina Toruno is Spanish Associate Professor at the University of Texas of the Permian Basin in Odessa
Liliana Trevizan is Associate Professor of Latin American Literature and Director of Women's Studies at the State University of New York at Potsdam
Maria Elvira Villamil is Assistant Professor of Spanish at the University of Nebraska at Omaha
Caroll Mills Young is Associate Professor of Spanish at the Indiana University of Pennsylvania


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Edited by two professors from the Arizona State University in Tempe, this biographical dictionary of Latin American women is "intended to increase their visibility, to raise consciousness about the issues they confront, and . . . to honor their daily struggle." More than 60 scholars from the fields of Spanish, Portuguese, women's studies, and Latin American studies have contributed the 72 entries. According to the preface, inclusion was limited to Spanish-and Portuguese-speaking Latin American women. The editors acknowledge that this decision prevented the inclusion of notable Hispanic women who write and speak primarily in English. The editors consulted other experts in the field to arrive at the decision of which women to include. Internationally known Latin American women such as Eva Peron, Rigoberta MenchuTum, Carmen Miranda, and Frida Kahlo are here, as are many less familiar individuals. However, Griselda Gambaro (Argentine author) and Nora Astorga (Nicaraguan revolutionary and diplomat) have been omitted. Most of the women covered were born after 1900. Arranged in alphabetical order with an average length of four pages, each entry includes a brief further readings list. More than half of the entries contain a black-and-white photo of the subject. Listed at the beginning of each entry is the country, the birth date (if known), and the death date (if applicable) of the subject, along with all applicable fields of endeavor (e.g., dancer, author, political activist). The two appendixes make use of these facts--one is arranged by country and the other is arranged by fields of endeavor. The short bibliography at the end of the book is arranged by broad subject area and includes recent publications but no Web sites. The 12-page index is well done and also indexes the introduction. The entries are written in a style that is more popular than scholarly and, as a result, makes the information accessible to the general public. Biographical information on several of the authors and artists listed in this book can be found in specialized sources like The Encyclopedia of Latin American Literature (Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997) and Grove's Encyclopedia of Latin American and Caribbean Art (1999). And although information on the internationally known women can be found in many sources, the majority of women included here are not listed in other English-language biographical sources, such as Gale's Dictionary of Hispanic Biography (1995). This new source, along with Notable Latin American Women: Twenty-nine Leaders, Rebels, Poets, Battlers and Spies, 1500^-1900 (McFarland, 1995), makes a significant contribution to the fields of women's studies and Latin American studies. The editors have met their goals as stated, and this volume is highly recommended for public, academic, and high-school libraries.


Choice Review

This latest addition to collective biographies of Latin American women nicely complements Jerome Adams's Notable Latin American Women (1995) by limiting its coverage to 72 individuals born after 1900, chosen as the best representatives of some 20 nations. Noting in the preface that all are "women conjoined by their common struggle against discrimination," the editors adopt a broader scope than other works of this type, many of which have limited themselves solely to literary figures. Although some familiar figures from the world of letters (e.g., Isabel Allende, Lydia Cabrera) are included, equal emphasis is placed on politics, government, religion, the sciences, popular culture, education, and the visual arts. Entries begin with a photograph if available, name of country, and areas of achievement, then summarize significant life events and offer suggestions for supplementary reading. Two appendixes list each woman according to nationality and profession, while a detailed index gives access by subject, organization name, and personal name. Readers unfamiliar with this subject will find the lucid introductory essay "Women in Latin America" instructive. All undergraduate reference collections. R. B. M. Ridinger Northern Illinois University


Table of Contents

Jane S. Jaquette
Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introduction: Women in Latin Americap. xiii
Claribel Alegriap. 1
Isabel Allendep. 3
Alicia Alonsop. 6
Elvia Alvaradop. 10
Albalucia Angel Marulandap. 14
Laura Antillanop. 18
Debora Arangop. 22
Violeta Barrios de Chamorrop. 25
Domitila Barrios de Chungarap. 30
Gioconda Bellip. 34
Maria Luisa Bembergp. 38
Maria Luisa Bombalp. 43
Hebe de Bonafinip. 47
Rosa Maria Brittonp. 51
Julia de Burgosp. 55
Lydia Cabrerap. 60
Maria Canop. 64
Nancy Cardenasp. 68
Maria Mercedes Carranzap. 71
Rosario Castellanosp. 77
Celia Cruzp. 81
Andrea Echeverrip. 85
Diamela Eltitp. 90
Maria Felixp. 95
Rosario Ferrep. 99
Benita Galeanap. 102
Elena Garrop. 106
Ivone Gebarap. 110
Teresa Gisbert Carbonell de Mesap. 114
Margo Glantzp. 118
Chiquinha Gonzaga (birthname: Francisca Edwiges Neves Gonzaga)p. 122
Beatriz Gonzalezp. 126
Astrid Hadadp. 130
Angela Hernandez Nunezp. 135
Rosario Ibarra de Piedrap. 138
Carolina Maria de Jesusp. 142
Clementina de Jesusp. 146
Frida Kahlop. 150
Julieta Kirkwoodp. 154
Claudia Larsp. 159
Lolita Lebronp. 162
Clarice Lispectorp. 165
Dulce Maria Loynazp. 169
Rosa Lunap. 173
Rigoberta Menchu Tump. 178
Fanny Mikeyp. 184
Patria, Minerva, and Maria Teresa Mirabalp. 187
Carmen Mirandap. 191
Carmen Naranjop. 196
Maria Escolastica da Conceicao Nazarep. 201
Antonia Novellop. 206
Victoria Ocampop. 209
Elizabeth Odio Benitop. 213
Nina Pacarip. 218
Cristina Peri Rossip. 222
Eva Maria Duarte de Peronp. 227
Alejandra Pizarnikp. 232
Josefina Plap. 236
Elena Poniatowskap. 240
Magda Portalp. 245
Commander Ramona and Major Ana Mariap. 249
Irene Saez Condep. 254
Haydee Santamariap. 258
Beatriz Santos Arrascaetap. 263
Benedita da Silvap. 266
Armonia Somersp. 270
Mercedes Sosap. 274
Marta Trabap. 278
Maria Teresa Tulap. 283
Virginia Vargasp. 287
Ana Lydia Vegap. 291
Delia Zapata Olivellap. 295
Appendix A Notables by Fields of Endeavorp. 301
Appendix B Notables by Countryp. 305
Bibliographyp. 307
Indexp. 309
About the Editors and Contributorsp. 321