Cover image for Mars : the NASA mission reports
Title:
Mars : the NASA mission reports
Author:
Godwin, Robert, 1958-
Publication Information:
Burlington, Ont. : Apogee Books, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
424 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm + 1 computer optical disc (4 3/4 in.).
General Note:
CD-ROM contains movies and images of Mars.
Language:
English
Added Author:
ISBN:
9781896522623
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

CD-ROM and Book. The Red Planet has been a beacon to every race of mankind since the dawn of history. Today Mars stands as a symbol of the high frontier the next logical step in our exploration of the universe around us. In 1964 the United States of America launched Mariner 4 towards Mars in the hope that a handful of pictures returned by the spacecraft might answer some age-old questions. Was there an ancient Martian civilisation? Would there be any signs of life? So began the first step in a close examination of our neighbouring planet. Between Mariner 4 and Mars Global Surveyor in 1988 the United States has sent a fleet of robots to Mars with wildly varying degrees of success. Thanks to these versatile probes we now know almost as much about Mars on a global scale as we do about our own Earth. In this book the triumphs and tribulations of the American Mars programme is gathered together in one place. Press Kits and Mission Reports from every Mars mission are collected together for the first time. Reading these documents presented here in chronological order gives a fascinating insight into how our understanding of the Red Planet has grown over the past four decades. These robot voyages are the advance guard, scouting out the path for the day when men will launch a manned mission to Mars.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Godwin has compiled from NASA Archives information related to US missions to Mars. Press kits and mission reports are presented and sampled chronologically, starting with Mariner 4 (1964) and progressing through Mariner 6, 7 and 9, Viking 75, Observer, Pathfinder (with its mobile robot Sojourner), Global Surveyor, Climate Orbiter, and finally to the Mars Polar Lander and Deep Space 2 (this year). Lots of technical details of each mission provide good summaries, but a more complete understanding will require coupling the contents of this book with a good knowledge of Mars obtainable from any modern textbook that treats the planets. A manned Mars landing document, which outlines what will be needed should such a venture be authorized and funded, is included at the end of the book. An improvement would have been a concise one-page summary of each mission, all in one place near the beginning. Color photographs show spacecraft and components, focusing on hardware rather than science. Includes a PC-compatible CD-ROM containing almost two hours of MPG video. Figures and tables are more readable than series predecessors. Recommended for all readers, particularly those who enjoy the exploration of Mars and the technical details of spaceflight. All levels. W. E. Howard III; formerly, Universities Space Research Association


Table of Contents

Mariner 4 Press Kit
General News Releasep. 13
Mariner Mars 64 Technical Backgroundp15
Mariner Descriptionp. 15
Powerp. 17
Communicationsp. 18
Midcourse Motorp. 19
Attitude Controlp. 20
Central Computer and Sequencerp. 21
Temperature Controlp. 21
Scientific Experimentsp. 22
Data Automation Systemp. 22
Televisionp. 22
Occultation Experimentp. 23
Solar Plasma Probep. 24
Ionization Chamber Experimentp. 25
Trapped Radiation Detectorp. 26
Helium Vector Magnetometerp. 26
Cosmic Ray Telescope (CRT)p. 27
Cosmic Dust Detectorp. 27
Launch Vehiclep. 28
Launch Vehicle Statisticsp. 28
Countdown Milestonesp. 29
The Missionp. 29
Atlas-Agena Separationp. 29
Coast Periodp. 29
First Spacecraft Eventsp. 30
Sun-Canopus Acquisitionp. 31
Midcourse Maneuverp. 31
Encounterp. 33
Trajectoryp. 34
Deep Space Networkp. 35
Mariner Project Teamp. 37
Contractorsp. 38
Subcontractorsp. 38
Mariner 4 Picturesp. 42
Mariner '69 (6 and 7) Press Kitp. 46
Note to Editorsp. 46
Mariner 6 and 7 Nearing Marsp. 46
Far Encounter TV Live from Marsp. 47
Near Encounterp. 48
Post Encounter playbackp. 49
Mariner 6. Mariner 7 Mars Encounter Logp. 49
Mars as Viewed by Mariner Cameras in Far Encounterp. 51
Mariner '69 Resultsp. 52
Mariner Mars 1969 Science Experimentsp. 55
Preliminary Science Resultsp. 56
Televisionp. 56
Ultra Violet Spectrometerp. 56
Infrared Spectrometerp. 56
Infrared Radiometerp. 57
S-Band Occultationp. 57
Celestial Mechanicsp. 57
Mariners Six and Seven Mission Reportp. 58
General Releasep. 59
Chaotic Terrainp. 59
Surface Photographyp. 60
Widespread Crateringp. 61
Polar Capsp. 61
Temperature and Pressurep. 61
Martian Atmospherep. 63
Intense Radiationp. 63
Mission Profilep. 63
Mariner 71 Press Kitp. 66
General Releasep. 66
Mission Capsulep. 68
Mariner Planetary Missionsp. 69
Mariner Aiming Zonesp. 69
Missionsp. 70
Mariner H Mapping Mission Ap. 70
Mariner I Variable Features Mission Bp. 71
Mariner Spacecraftp. 72
Data Automation Subsystemp. 74
Attitude Controlp. 74
Propulsionp. 75
Central Computer and Sequencerp. 76
Communicationsp. 76
Powerp. 78
Temperature Controlp. 79
Scan Platformp. 79
Scientific Experimentsp. 80
Televisionp. 81
Infrared Radiometer (IRR)p. 83
Ultraviolet Spectrometerp. 85
Infrared Interferometer Spectrometer (IRIS)p. 85
S-Band Occultation Experimentp. 86
Celestial Mechanicsp. 87
Mariner Mars 1971 Science Experiments and Investigatorsp. 87
Atlas-Centaur Launchvehiclep. 89
Launch Vehicle Characteristicsp. 89
Atlas-Centaur Flight Sequence - AC-23p. 90
Atlas-Centaur Flight Sequence - AC-24p. 90
Flight Sequencep. 91
Launch Operationsp. 91
Tracking and Data System and Mission Operationsp. 93
Mission Operationsp. 94
Mariner Mars '71 Teamp. 95
Mariner Mars '71 Subcontractorsp. 96
Mariner 9 Post Launch Reportsp. 97
Mission Objectivesp. 106
Mission Assessmentp. 106
Extended Mission Assessmentp. 109
Viking '75 Report (Nasa Ed Release #502)p. 110
Mission Profilep. 111
Mission Sequencep. 112
Orbiterp. 112
Lander and Sciencep. 112
Launch and Flight Data Trackingp. 112
Viking Press Kitp. 115
General Releasep. 115
Scientific Goalsp. 117
Science Investigationp. 120
Orbiter Imagingp. 120
Water Vapor Mappingp. 122
Thermal Mappingp. 124
Entry Sciencep. 126
Upper Atmospherep. 126
Lower Atmospherep. 127
Lander Imagingp. 128
Biologyp. 130
Pyrolytic Releasep. 131
Labeled Releasep. 132
Gas Exchangep. 133
Molecular Analysisp. 134
Inorganic Chemistryp. 135
Meteorologyp. 137
Seismologyp. 139
Physical Propertiesp. 140
Magnetic Propertiesp. 141
Radio Sciencep. 143
Viking Scientistsp. 145
Mission Descriptionp. 147
Launch Phasep. 147
Cruise Phasep. 148
Orbital Phasep. 149
Landing Sitesp. 151
Entry Phasep. 152
Landed Phasep. 153
End Of Missionp. 153
Viking Orbiterp. 153
Orbiter Designp. 154
Structurep. 154
Guidance and Controlp. 154
Communicationsp. 154
Data Storagep. 155
Viking Landerp. 155
Lander Bodyp. 155
Bioshield Cap and Basep. 156
Aeroshellp. 156
Base Cover and Parachute systemp. 157
Lander Subsystemsp. 157
Descent Enginesp. 157
Communication Equipmentp. 157
Landing Radarsp. 158
Guidance and Controlp. 158
Power Sourcesp. 158
Data Storagep. 159
Launch Vehiclep. 159
Titan III-Ep. 160
Centaur D-ITp. 160
Centaur Standard Shroudp. 161
Titan Centaur Flight Sequencep. 162
Titan Phasep. 162
Centaur Phasep. 162
Launch Windowp. 162
Viking A Launch Vehicle Characteristicsp. 163
Typical Flight Eventsp. 164
Launch Facilitiesp. 164
Hardware Assemblyp. 165
Spacecraft Preparationp. 165
Countdownp. 167
Mission Control and Computing Centerp. 168
Image Processing Laboratoryp. 169
Tracking and Data Storagep. 169
Viking Post Launch Mop. 172
Launch Major Eventsp. 175
Viking Facts Summaryp. 175
Mission Designp. 175
Viking Orbitersp. 176
Viking Landersp. 177
Science Experimentsp. 181
Other Significant Discoveriesp. 182
Viking Teamp. 182
Mars Observer Press Kitp. 183
Orbit Insertion Maneuversp. 186
Science Objectivesp. 187
Mission Designp. 187
Spacecraft Science Instrumentsp. 188
Gamma Ray Spectrometerp. 188
Mars Observer Camerap. 188
Thermal Emission Spectrometerp. 188
Pressure Modulator Infrared Radiometerp. 188
Mars Observer Laser Altimeterp. 189
Radio Sciencep. 189
Magnetometer and Electron Reflectometerp. 189
Mars Relay Experimentp. 189
Spacecraft Systemp. 190
Mapping Cyclep. 190
Spacecraft Statisticsp. 190
Science Operationsp. 191
Some Salient Facts About Mars Observerp. 191
Mars Observer Investigatorsp. 192
Interdisciplinary Scientistsp. 193
Mars Observer Post Launch Mop. 194
Summaryp. 195
Discussionp. 195
Referencesp. 197
Cruise Configurationp. 196
Inner Cruise Timelinep. 198
Outer Cruise Timelinep. 198
Significant MO Mission Eventsp. 197
Launchp. 199
Mars Observer Investigation Reportp. 199
Mars Pathfinder Press Kitp. 201
General Releasep. 201
Media Services Informationp. 204
Quick Factsp. 205
Mars at a Glancep. 206
Historical Mars Missionsp. 206
Mission Timelinep. 207
Why Mars?p. 210
The Multi-Year Mars Programp. 213
Mission Overviewp. 215
Spacecraftp. 218
Science Objectivesp. 221
What's Nextp. 225
Program/Project Managementp. 226
Mars Pathfinder Post Launch Mop. 227
Mars Global Surveyor Press Kitp. 256
General Releasep. 257
Media Services Informationp. 259
Quick Factsp. 260
Mars at a Glancep. 261
Historical Mars Missionsp. 262
Mission Overviewp. 262
Spacecraftp. 269
Science Objectivesp. 271
Program/Project Managementp. 273
Mars Global Surveyor Project Mission Planp. 274
1.0 Overviewp. 275
1.1 Scopep. 275
1.2 Relationship to Other Documentsp. 276
1.3 Update Historyp. 276
1.4 Acknowledgmentsp. 276
1.5 Questions or Comments?p. 277
2.0 Mission Backgroundp. 277
2.1 Mission Synopsisp. 277
2.2 Mission Phasesp. 278
2.3 Spacecraft Descriptionp. 282
2.4 Spacecraft Operating Configurationsp. 285
2.5 Science Payloadp. 288
2.6 DSN Utilizationp. 293
3.0 Launch Phasep. 293
3.1 Brief Launch Vehicle Descriptionp. 293
3.2 Pre-Launch Activity Overviewp. 295
3.3 Launch Strategyp. 295
3.4 Boost Profile and Injectionp. 297
3.5 Launch Targetsp. 299
4.0 Cruise Phasep. 300
4.1 Initial Deployment and Acquisitionp. 300
4.2 Trajectory Correction Maneuversp. 304
4.3 Inner Cruise Activitiesp. 306
4.4 Outer Cruise Activitiesp. 308
5.0 Orbit Insertion Phasep. 309
5.1 Mars Orbit Insertionp. 309
5.2 Capture Orbit Activitiesp. 312
5.3 Aerobrakingp. 314
5.4 Transfer to Mappingp. 319
6.0 Mapping Phasep. 322
6.1 Mapping Orbit Designp. 322
6.2 Spacecraft Configurationp. 328
6.3 Data Collection Strategyp. 329
Appendix A Data Rate Modesp. 337
Appendix B Payload Data Sheetp. 339
Appendix C Compliance With Project Requirementsp. 339
Appendix D Mass and Delta V Budget Detailsp. 340
Appendix E Aerobraking Design Datap. 342
Mgs Imaging Press Release May 2000p. 346
Mars Climate Orbiter Arrival Press Kitp. 348
General Releasep. 349
Media Services Informationp. 350
Quick Factsp. 350
Mars at a Glancep. 351
Historical Mars Missionsp. 352
Mars, Water and Lifep. 353
Where to Next?p. 354
Mission Overviewp. 356
Arrival Eventsp. 356
Spacecraftp. 356
Science Objectivesp. 361
Program/Project Managementp. 363
Mars Climate Orbiter Mission Statusp. 363
Mars Polar Lander/Deep Space 2 Press Kitp. 367
General Releasep. 368
Media Services Informationp. 369
Quick Factsp. 370
Mars at a Glancep. 371
Historical Mars Missionsp. 372
Mars, Water and Lifep. 372
NASA Programsp. 376
Mars Pathfinder Science Highlightsp. 376
Mars Global Surveyor Science Highlightsp. 376
Where to Next?p. 378
Mars Polar Landerp. 379
Mission Overviewp. 379
Spacecraftp. 386
Science Objectivesp. 387
Deep Space 2p. 391
Mission Overviewp. 391
Technologiesp. 393
Science Objectivesp. 396
Program/Project Managementp. 397
Mars Polar Lander/Deep Space 2 Reportsp. 397
Proposed Future Missionsp. 408
Manned Mars Landingp. 410