Cover image for The Holocaust and history : the known, the unknown, the disputed, and the reexamined
The Holocaust and history : the known, the unknown, the disputed, and the reexamined
Berenbaum, Michael, 1945-
Publication Information:
Bloomington, IN : Indiana University Press, [1998]

Physical Description:
xv, 836 pages ; 24 cm
General Note:
"Published in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, D.C."
Probing the Holocaust -- Antisemitism and racism in Nazi ideology -- The politics of racial health and science -- The Nazi state -- Concentration camps -- The Axis, the Allies, and the Neutrals -- Jewish leadership, Jewish resistance -- The rescuers -- The survivor experience.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
D804.18 .H66 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



This volume presents the results of nearly fifty years of scholarship on the Holocaust by the world's most eminent researchers. Approaching the Shoah from diverse points of view, historians and sociologists, political scientists and theologians, literary scholars and psychologists disclose the insights yielded by their investigations. Growing out of the inaugural conference of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Research Institute, the book defines the state of knowledge about the Holocaust a half century after the event.

Reviews 2

Booklist Review

The 55 prominent contributors to this copious and important work, which grew out of a conference of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum's Research Institute, are historians, theologians, literary scholars, political scientists, sociologists, and psychologists. They include Raul Hilberg, author of the three-volume Destruction of the European Jews and other books; Daniel Jonah Goldhagen, author of Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust; Christopher R. Browning, author of Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland; Eva Fogelman, author of Conscience and Courage: Rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust; and Susan S. Zuccotti, author of The Holocaust, the French, and the Jews. The more than 50 chapters explore such themes as the death camps; Jewish resistance; Nazi politics and racial ideology; ghettoization; deportation; the role of the Allies, the Axis, the neutral countries, and the Catholic Church; efforts of the rescuers; and the impact of the Holocaust on survivors. Destined to become an essential resource. (Reviewed April 1, 1998)0253333741George Cohen

Choice Review

Papers collected here originated at a 1993 conference organized by the US Holocaust Memorial Museum's Research Institute; they represent the work of three generations of scholars from five continents and many disciplines. Part 1, with "think pieces" by Raul Hilberg, Yehuda Bauer, Eberhard Jackel, and Michael Marrus, takes the long view of the Holocaust as a field of research and should aid general readers in making sense of the mostly quite specialized and brief studies in the following ten sections. The 50 contributors treat the subject from every conceivable angle: the role of antisemitism and racism; the politics of "racial hygiene"; Nazi leadership and bureaucracy; the complicity of "ordinary" people; the experiences of Gypsies, homosexuals, and blacks; the concentration camps; the Holocaust as reflected in international relations; the response of Jews, rescuers, and survivors. Recognizing the passionately controversial nature of the field, the editors have opted for variety over unanimity. Competently and unobtrusively, they have brought together a stimulating collection of high-quality essays that should be useful to specialists and general readers alike. Essential for all libraries. R. S. Levy; University of Illinois at Chicago

Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsMichael Berenbaum and Abraham Peck
Part 1 Probing the Holocaust: Where We Are, Where We Need to Go
1 Sources and Their UsesRaul Hilberg
2 A Past that Will not Go AwayYehuda Bauer
3 The Holocaust: Where We Are, Where We Need to GoEberhard Juckel
4 The Holocaust: Where We Are, Where We Need to Go: A CommentMichael R. Marrus
Part 2 Antisemitism and Racism as Factors inNazi Ideology
5 The Use of Antisemitism in Nazi Wartime PropagandaDavid Bankier
6 The Holocaust: A Very ParticularRacism Steven Katz
7 Antisemitism and Racism in Nazi-IdeologyWalter Zwi Bacharach
8 Antisemitism, the Holocaust and Reinterpretations of National SocialismOmer Bartov
Part 3 The Politics of Racial Health and Science
9 Human Genetics and the Mass Murder of Jews, Gypsies and Others BennoMaller-Hill
10 From Colonial Racism to Nazi Population Policy: The Role of the So-Called MischlingeAnnegret Ehmann
11 The Cooperation of German Racial Hygienists and American Eugenicists Before and After 1933Stefan Kohl
Part 4 The Nazi State: Leadership and Bureaucracy
12 Executive Instinct: Reinhard Heydrich and the Planning for the Final SolutionCharles W. Sydnor, Jr
13 Plans for the Final Solution in Early 1941Richard Breitman
14 State Policy and Corporate Involvement in the HolocaustPeter Hayes
15 The Civil Service and the Implementation of the Holocaust: From Passive to Active ComplicityHans Mommsen
16 The Other Crimes of Adolf Hitler Franklin Littell
Part 5 "Ordinary Men": The Socio-Political Background
17 The T4 Killers: Berlin, LublinSan Sabba Henry Friedlander
18 Ordinary Germans or Ordinary Men? A Reply to the CriticsChristopher Browning
19 Complicity or Entanglement? Wehrmacht, War and HolocaustJorgen Furster
20 The Amsterdam Police and the Persecution of the JewsGuus Meershoek
21 Ordinary Men or Ordinary Germans? Daniel Goldhagen
Part 6 Multiple Voices: Ideology, Exclusion, and Coercion
22 Neglected Holocaust Victims: The Mischlinge, the Judischversippte, and the GypsiesJohn Grenville
23 Slapping Up Spastics HughGregory Gallagher
24 Final Solution of the Homosexual Question? The Anti-Homosexual Policies of the Nazis and the Social Consequences for Homosexual MenGunter Grau
25 The Pink Triangle: Homosexuals as "Enemies of the State"Rudiger Lautmann
26 The Black Experience During the Holocaust Robert Kesting
Part 7 Concentration Camps
27 Auschwitz: From Architect's Promise to Inmate's PerditionRobert-Jan van Pelt
28 Auschwitz Concentration Camp: Its Places and Significance in the Structure of the Nazi System of Terror and Genocide, and in the Economy of the Third ReichFranciszek Piper
29 Antechamber to Birkenau: The Zigeunerlager after 1933Sybil Milton
30 Concentration Camps and the Non-Jewish EnvironmentEdith Raim
31 Places Far Away, Places Very Near: Mauthausen, the Camps of the Shoah, and the BystandersGordon J. Horwitz
Part 8 The Axis, the Allies, and the Neutrals (vis-a-vis the Final Solution)
32 The Holocaust in Hungary: A Retrospective AnalysisRandolph Braham
33 The Holocaust in Italy: Problems of ResearchMeir Michaelis
34 Antonescu and the JewsJean Ancel
35 The Allies and the HolocaustGerhard Weinberg
36 British Responses to the Plight of Jews in Europe, 1933-1945 Louise London
37 Bureaucracy, Resistance, and the Holocaust: Understanding the Success of Swedish Diplomacy in Budapest, 1944-1945Paul Levine
38 A Catholic Response to the Holocaust: Institutional PerspectivesJohn T. Pawlikowski
39 The Ecclesiastical Final Solution: The German Christian Movement and the Anti-Jewish ChurchDoris L. Bergen
Part 9 Jewish LeadershipJewish Resistance
40 The Armed Jewish Resistance in Eastern Europe: Its Unique Conditions and its Relations with theJewish Coun