Cover image for The Holocaust and the Christian world : reflections on the past, challenges for the future
Title:
The Holocaust and the Christian world : reflections on the past, challenges for the future
Author:
Rittner, Carol, 1943-
Publication Information:
New York : Continuum, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
v, 278 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780826412980

9780826412997
Format :
Book

Available:*

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Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library BM535 .H615 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

Sixty-seven essays edited by Rittner (Holocaust studies, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey) confront Christian antisemitism, and various churches' responses during and after the Holocaust. Includes a Shoah chronology, reflection questions, bandw photos, a videography, and online resources. Published in conjunction with the Beth Shalom Holocaust Memorial Centre, UK, and Yad Vashem International School for Holocaust Studies, Jerusalem. c. Book News Inc.


Summary

The Holocaust and the Christian World examines the role of the Christian churches during the Holocaust and its consequences for Christian thought and practice in the contemporary period. The book presents a broad range of perspectives from European, North American, and lsraeli scholars, Christian and Jewish, about individuals and institutions in Nazi-occupied Europe during. World War II and the Holocaust. From heads of state and church to rescuers and survivors, the accounts contained in The Holocaust and the Christian World will confront the uninitiated and inform the interested.

Christians have yet to confront the tough reality that the Holocaust challenges and touches almost everything and everyone within the Christian faith. How can you maintain that faith is more important than deeds after the Holocaust? You cannot, unless you are content to go to Church and run the risk of inadvertently condoning genocide.

What does it mean to be Christian after Auschwitz? To know that so many of those complicit in the systematic destruction of human life were self-professed Christians? To know that Christian leaders, in Nazi Germany and elsewhere, were loath to acknowledge the very existence of the Holocaust, let alone speak out against it? How' could so many of the faithful utterly fail to) uphold Christ's teachings?

Is faith doomed to falter, when God seems impossibly far away?


Table of Contents

Michael McGarryJohn K. RothDavid A. RauschCarol Rittner and Stephen D. SmithCarol Rittner and John K. RothCarol Rittner and John K. RothFranklin H. LittellDoris L. BergenVictoria J. BarnettMichael PhayerChristine KingMichael BerenbaumDariusz LibionkaJohn T. PawlikowskiRenee BedaridaMichael R. MarrusGer van RoonCarol RittnerEdward McGlynn Gaffney Jr.Livia RothkirchenYitzhak AradDan Bar-OnMichael R. MarrusEugene J. FisherJonathan GorskyJohn T. PawlikowskiAlbert H. FriedlanderNechama TecEva FleischnerDavid P. GusheePeggy ObrechtEugene J. FisherStephen R. HaynesMarcia Sachs LittellIsabel WollastonMichael Phayer and Carol RittnerMargaret ShepherdStephen D. SmithHubert G. LockeHarry James CargasGareth Lloyd JonesJane ClementsA. James RudinJohn T. PawlikowskiEloise RosenblattAlice L. EckardtFranklin H. LittellStephen D. SmithMichael McGarryJohn K. RothDavid A. RauschCarol Rittner and Stephen D. SmithCarol Rittner and John K. RothCarol Rittner and John K. RothFranklin H. LittellDoris L. BergenVictoria J. BarnettMichael PhayerChristine KingMichael BerenbaumDariusz LibionkaJohn T. PawlikowskiRenee BedaridaMichael R. MarrusGer van RoonCarol RittnerEdward McGlynn Gaffney Jr.Livia RothkirchenYitzhak AradDan Bar-OnMichael R. MarrusEugene J. FisherJonathan GorskyJohn T. PawlikowskiAlbert H. FriedlanderNechama TecEva FleischnerDavid P. GusheePeggy ObrechtEugene J. FisherStephen R. HaynesMarcia Sachs LittellIsabel WollastonMichael Phayer and Carol RittnerMargaret ShepherdStephen D. SmithHubert G. LockeHarry James CargasGareth Lloyd JonesJane ClementsA. James RudinJohn T. PawlikowskiEloise RosenblattAlice L. EckardtFranklin H. LittellStephen D. Smith
ForewordDorothee Solle
Before You Start
Part 1 Confronting the Holocaust
A Christian Passes Through Yad Vashemp. 1
What Does the Holocaust Have to do with Christianity?p. 5
Hard Questions Asked by the Holocaustp. 11
Part 2 Chronology, 1932-1998p. 17
Part 3 Antisemitism
Two Thousand Years of Jewish Life in Europe by 1935 Mapp. 33
What is Antisemitism?p. 34
Comparison of Canonical Law and Nazi Anti-Jewish Measures Tablep. 37
Indifference to the Plight of the Jews During the Holocaustp. 38
Part 4 The Churches and Nazi Persecution
The German Churches in the Third Reichp. 44
Collusion, Resistance, Silence: Protestants and the Holocaustp. 48
The Role of the Churches: Compliance and Confrontationp. 55
The Response of the German Catholic Church to National Socialismp. 59
Ludwig Muller Biographyp. 62
Martin Niemoller Biographyp. 63
Responses Outside The Mainstream Catholic and Protestant Traditionsp. 64
A Mosaic of Victims: What About Non-Jewish Victims of the Nazis?p. 68
Part 5 The Reaction of the Churches in Nazi-Occupied Europe
The Catholic Church in Poland and the Holocaust, 1939-1945p. 74
The Response of the Polish Church to the Holocaustp. 79
The Catholic Hierarchy in France During the War and the Persecution of the Jewsp. 83
Leon Berard Biographyp. 87
French Protestant Churches and the Persecution of the Jews in Francep. 88
Jules-Gerard Saliege Biographyp. 92
The Dutch Protestants, the Third Reich and the Persecution of the Jewsp. 93
Denmark and the Holocaustp. 97
Bulgaria and the Holocaustp. 101
The Churches and the Deportation and Persecution of Jews in Slovakiap. 104
The Christian Churches and the Persecution of Jews in the Occupied Territories of the USSRp. 108
Andrei Szeptyckyi Biographyp. 112
Jozef Tiso Biographyp. 113
Ordinary Men, Extraordinary Evil: Difficult Questions on the Perpetratorsp. 114
'In the Interest of Maintaining Military Discipline...' The Massacre of Children in Byelaya Tserkov, Military Chaplains and the Wehrmacht Lettersp. 118
Part 6 The Vatican, the Pope, and the Persecution of the Jews
Understanding the Vatican During the Nazi Periodp. 126
Who Was Pius XII?p. 130
Pius XII and the Holocaustp. 133
The Vatican and the Holocaustp. 138
The Case of Pius XII: Christians and Jews in Confrontationp. 142
Part 7 The Challenge of the Exception
A Glimmer of Lightp. 150
The Memory of Goodnessp. 156
Rescuers: Their Motives and Moralsp. 159
Metropolitan Chrysostomos Biographyp. 162
Le Chambon-sur-Lignon Biographyp. 163
Msgr. Angelo Rotta Biographyp. 164
Sister Margit Slachta Biographyp. 165
Antonina Sivak Biographyp. 166
Mother Maria Skobtsova Biographyp. 167
Zegota Biographyp. 168
Comelia Ten Boom Biographyp. 169
Righteous Among the Nations Tablep. 170
Part 8 After the Holocaust: How Have Christians Responded?
After the Shoah: Christian Statements of Contritionp. 174
How Have the Churches Responded to the Holocaust?p. 179
Protestant Responses to the Holocaustp. 182
Activities
In Search of Tikkunp. 186
Challenges for Theological Trainingp. 189
Holocaust Education in American Catholic Colleges and Universitiesp. 192
Journey to Poland: Remembrance and Reconciliation, A Personal Reflectionp. 195
Where Memories Meetp. 199
Issues
On Christian Mission to the Jewsp. 204
Christian Preaching after the Holocaust: Only Good Things Can Followp. 207
Encountering the New Testamentp. 210
Reading the New Testament Textsp. 214
Flashpoints of Catholic-Jewish Relationsp. 217
The Canonization of Pius XIIp. 220
Edith Stein's Canonization: Acknowledging Objections from Jews and Catholicsp. 224
The Dilemma of Forgivenessp. 228
Christians in a World of Genocidep. 231
Is there a Future for Christianity?p. 235
Part 9 Afterwordp. 240
For Further Study
Documents Related to Church Issues During the Holocaustp. 242
Post-Holocaust Statements from the Churchesp. 245
Videographyp. 264
On-line Resourcesp. 268
Indexp. 272
ForewordDorothee Solle
Before You Start
Part 1 Confronting the Holocaust
A Christian Passes Through Yad Vashemp. 1
What Does the Holocaust Have to do with Christianity?p. 5
Hard Questions Asked by the Holocaustp. 11
Part 2 Chronology, 1932-1998p. 17
Part 3 Antisemitism
Two Thousand Years of Jewish Life in Europe by 1935 Mapp. 33
What is Antisemitism?p. 34
Comparison of Canonical Law and Nazi Anti-Jewish Measures Tablep. 37
Indifference to the Plight of the Jews During the Holocaustp. 38
Part 4 The Churches and Nazi Persecution
The German Churches in the Third Reichp. 44
Collusion, Resistance, Silence: Protestants and the Holocaustp. 48
The Role of the Churches: Compliance and Confrontationp. 55
The Response of the German Catholic Church to National Socialismp. 59
Ludwig Muller Biographyp. 62
Martin Niemoller Biographyp. 63
Responses Outside The Mainstream Catholic and Protestant Traditionsp. 64
A Mosaic of Victims: What About Non-Jewish Victims of the Nazis?p. 68
Part 5 The Reaction of the Churches in Nazi-Occupied Europe
The Catholic Church in Poland and the Holocaust, 1939-1945p. 74
The Response of the Polish Church to the Holocaustp. 79
The Catholic Hierarchy in France During the War and the Persecution of the Jewsp. 83
Leon Berard Biographyp. 87
French Protestant Churches and the Persecution of the Jews in Francep. 88
Jules-Gerard Saliege Biographyp. 92
The Dutch Protestants, the Third Reich and the Persecution of the Jewsp. 93
Denmark and the Holocaustp. 97
Bulgaria and the Holocaustp. 101
The Churches and the Deportation and Persecution of Jews in Slovakiap. 104
The Christian Churches and the Persecution of Jews in the Occupied Territories of the USSRp. 108
Andrei Szeptyckyi Biographyp. 112
Jozef Tiso Biographyp. 113
Ordinary Men, Extraordinary Evil: Difficult Questions on the Perpetratorsp. 114
'In the Interest of Maintaining Military Discipline...' The Massacre of Children in Byelaya Tserkov, Military Chaplains and the Wehrmacht Lettersp. 118
Part 6 The Vatican, the Pope, and the Persecution of the Jews
Understanding the Vatican During the Nazi Periodp. 126
Who Was Pius XII?p. 130
Pius XII and the Holocaustp. 133
The Vatican and the Holocaustp. 138
The Case of Pius XII: Christians and Jews in Confrontationp. 142
Part 7 The Challenge of the Exception
A Glimmer of Lightp. 150
The Memory of Goodnessp. 156
Rescuers: Their Motives and Moralsp. 159
Metropolitan Chrysostomos Biographyp. 162
Le Chambon-sur-Lignon Biographyp. 163
Msgr. Angelo Rotta Biographyp. 164
Sister Margit Slachta Biographyp. 165
Antonina Sivak Biographyp. 166
Mother Maria Skobtsova Biographyp. 167
Zegota Biographyp. 168
Comelia Ten Boom Biographyp. 169
Righteous Among the Nations Tablep. 170
Part 8 After the Holocaust: How Have Christians Responded?
After the Shoah: Christian Statements of Contritionp. 174
How Have the Churches Responded to the Holocaust?p. 179
Protestant Responses to the Holocaustp. 182
Activities
In Search of Tikkunp. 186
Challenges for Theological Trainingp. 189
Holocaust Education in American Catholic Colleges and Universitiesp. 192
Journey to Poland: Remembrance and Reconciliation, A Personal Reflectionp. 195
Where Memories Meetp. 199
Issues
On Christian Mission to the Jewsp. 204
Christian Preaching after the Holocaust: Only Good Things Can Followp. 207
Encountering the New Testamentp. 210
Reading the New Testament Textsp. 214
Flashpoints of Catholic-Jewish Relationsp. 217
The Canonization of Pius XIIp. 220
Edith Stein's Canonization: Acknowledging Objections from Jews and Catholicsp. 224
The Dilemma of Forgivenessp. 228
Christians in a World of Genocidep. 231
Is there a Future for Christianity?p. 235
Part 9 Afterwordp. 240
For Further Study
Documents Related to Church Issues During the Holocaustp. 242
Post-Holocaust Statements from the Churchesp. 245
Videographyp. 264
On-line Resourcesp. 268
Indexp. 272

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