Cover image for Samson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England
Title:
Samson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England
Author:
Love, William DeLoss, 1851-1918.
Edition:
First Syracuse University Press edition.
Publication Information:
Syracuse, NY : Syracuse University Press, 2000.
Physical Description:
xxxiv, 379 pages : illustrations, map ; 21 cm.
General Note:
Originally published: Boston : Pilgrim Press, 1899.
Language:
English
Personal Subject:
ISBN:
9780815627289

9780815604365
Format :
Book

Available:*

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Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library E99.M83 O255 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

This biography tells of a man in the 18th century who embraced many cultures: Christian, yet Mohegan; an ordained Presbyterian minister, yet a business man and fund raiser; a native American speaker, yet fluent in English, Greek, Latin and French. He was also a founder member of Dartmouth College.


Summary

This biography tells of a man in the 18th century who embraced many cultures: Christian, yet Mohegan; an ordained Presbyterian minister, yet a business man and fund raiser; a native American speaker, yet fluent in English, Greek, Latin and French. He was also a founder member of Dartmouth College.


Author Notes

W. DeLoss Love was a Congregational minister, a history scholar, and businessman. He was educated at Hamilton College and Andover seminary
Margaret Connell Szasz is professor of history at the University of New Mexico


W. DeLoss Love was a Congregational minister, a history scholar, and businessman. He was educated at Hamilton College and Andover seminary
Margaret Connell Szasz is professor of history at the University of New Mexico


Table of Contents

Margaret Connell SzaszMargaret Connell Szasz
Illustrationsp. xiii
Introductionp. xv
Prefacep. xxxiii
Chapter I The New England Fathers and Indian Civilization 1620-1723p. 1
The Civilization of the Indian a Problem
A Missionary Purpose in all Puritan Charters
It is Adopted by our Forefathers
Their Plan to Civilize
The Evangelizing Method
Eliot's Indian Town
His Educational Work
The Seed Scattered Abroad First Century of Indian Missions
Chapter II A Mohegan Youth 1723-1749p. 21
Samson Occom of Mohegan
Early Attempts to Christianize his Tribe
The Visit of Experience Mayhew
A School Established
Influences from Natick
Ben Uncas and his Son
North Church, of New London
"The Great Awakening."
Conversion of Occom
Eleazar Wheelock
The Indian at School
Chapter III The Indian Teacher at Montauk 1749-1761p. 42
The Montauk Indians
A Schoolmaster and his Salary
Successful Methods
Occom's Religious Work
Hardships of Wigwam Life
A License to Preach
The Cherokee Mission
Ordination as a Presbyterian Minister
His Marriage to Marry Fowler
Some Good Fruits of his Work at Montauk
Chapter IV Wheelock's Indian Charity School 1754-1770p. 56
Wheelock's Plan to Educate Indian Missionaries
Two Pupils Arrive at Lebanon
Prospects of Support
The Gift of Joshua More
Missionary Headquarters on a Connecticut Hilltop
Joseph Johnson
David Fowler
Pupils from the Mohawk and Oneida Tribes
New England Indians at the School
Death of Tobias Shattock
Samuel Ashbow
Chapter V Occom's Missions to the Oneida Indians 1761-1764p. 82
Missions among the Six Nations
"Good Peter."
Occom's Call to Service
Departure of the First Missionaries
An Indian's Diary
The Oneidas Receive the Gospel
A Second Mission
Wheelock's Memorial to the Connecticut Assembly
Correspondents of the Scotch Society
Occom's Appointment Among the New England Indians
His House at Mohegan
Chapter VI Samuel Kirkland and his Indian Friends 1765-1768p. 105
Samuel Kirkland Goes to the Senecas
Indian Schoolmasters Sent Out from Lebanon
David Fowler, the Teacher at Kanawarohare
Trials Among the Heathen
Some of his Letters
A "Missing Rib" Found
Kirkland and Fowler Among the Oneidas
The Cabin of a Missionary
Famine in the Land
Kirkland is Rescued by his Indian Friend
Chapter VII The Mohegan Land Case and Samson Occom 1764-1769p. 119
Failure of a Westward Mission
The "Mason Controversy."
Position of an Indian Councilor
Robert Glelland, the Schoolmaster at Mohegan
Jealousy of David Jewett
Occom's Opinions Offend the Whites
A Meeting of the Connecticut Correspondents
The Indian is Reproved
Jewett's Retraction
Chapter VIII The Indian Preacher in England 1765-1768p. 130
Whitefield's Project to Assist the Indian Charity School
Nathaniel Whitaker to Accompany Occom
Opposition from the Boston Commissioners
Talents of the Indian Preacher
Arrival in England
Occom in Whitefield's Tabernacle
He Creates a Sensation and Sees the Sights
Some Notable Friends
Attitude of the Church of England
Success in Scotland
The "Trust Fund."
Opinions Favorable to Occom
Portraits of the Indian Preacher
Chapter IX Dark Days at Mohegan 1768-1771p. 152
Samson Occom's Disappointment
His Family Trials
Wheelock is Reproved for Neglect
Removal of the School to Hanover
The Indians are Offended at their Patron
Occom's Fall into Intemperance
Examined and Acquitted by the Suffolk Presbytery
His Subsequent Reputation
Some Indian Prodigals Return
Chapter X Occom's Sermon, Hymns and Hymn Book 1772-1774p. 169
Moses Paul Executed at New Haven
Occom's Sermon on Intemperance
His Utterance on Slavery
Singing among the Indians
Hymn-writers among Occom's Friends
"A Choice Collection of Hymns and Spiritual Songs."
"Indian Melodies."
Some Hymns ascribed to Occom
"Awak'd by Sinai's Awful Sound"
Chapter XI Seven Settlements of Christian Indians 1717-1776p. 188
The Tribes of Southern New England
Early Missions among the Narragansetts
Joseph Park and Samuel Niles
Edward Deake and his School
The Groton Pequots
Instruction of the Stonington Indians
Work among the Niantics
Christianizing the Natives at Farmington
The School at Montauk
Later Missions at Mohegan
Chapter XII The Plan of Emigration to Oneida 1771-1776p. 207
Occom's Design to Unite the Christian Indians
Missionary Purpose in the Emigration
Joseph Johnson Enlisted in the Service
He Secures Lands at Oneida
Adoption of the New England Indians
Wheelock Approves the Plan
Departure of the Emigrants
The Revolutionary War
Influence of the Christian Indians Over the Oneidas
The Messenger of Washington
Occom's Plea for Neutrality
Death of Joseph Johnson
Chapter XIII Indian Friends at Stockbridge 1734-1783p. 231
The Emigrants Retreat to Stockbridge
Missions among the Housatonic Tribe
Labors of John Sergeant
Defect of His Plan
Stockbridge Indians in the Revolution
Three Prominent Councilors
Experiences of the Refugees
They Influence Their Friends to Emigrate
Lands Secured from the Oneidas
Chapter XIV The Missionary of the Wilderness 1783-1789p. 247
The Return to Oneida
Indian Pilgrims Set Sail from New London
Occom in Charge of the Removal
His Visit to Oneida in 1785
The Founding of Brothertown
Preaching to the Stockbridge and New England Indians
Another Visit to His People
Jacob Fowler's Death
The Season of 1787
Occom's Own Removal
His Ministry in New Settlements
An Indian Presbyterian Church
Chapter XV The Trials of Occom's Last Days 1785-1792p. 283
Occom's Views on Indian Civilization
Educated Indians at Brothertown
The Defense of their Title
Factional Disputes
Ejecting Trespassers
Action of the New York Assembly
A Victory for the Indians
The Death of Samson Occom
His Funeral and the Place of His Burial
Chapter XVI Indian Town Government 1785-1842p. 299
The Connecticut Town their Model
Appointment of Superintendents
Indian Peacemakers
Laws of their Town
Progress in Agriculture
Public Improvements
Religious Affairs after Occom's Death
The Superintendents Select an Agent
Thomas Dean and His Services
Chapter XVII The Last Remove 1809-1898p. 316
The Embassy of Hendrick Aupaumut
Failure of the White River Enterprise
Eleazar Williams
Lands Secured in Wisconsin
"New York Indians vs. the United States."
A Claim to Honor
Emigration to the West
The New Indian Settlement
Organization and Experiences
The Last Stand of the New England Indians
Appendix Family History of the Brothertown Indiansp. 335
Illustrationsp. xiii
Introductionp. xv
Prefacep. xxxiii
Chapter I The New England Fathers and Indian Civilization 1620-1723p. 1
The Civilization of the Indian a Problem
A Missionary Purpose in all Puritan Charters
It is Adopted by our Forefathers
Their Plan to Civilize
The Evangelizing Method
Eliot's Indian Town
His Educational Work
The Seed Scattered Abroad First Century of Indian Missions
Chapter II A Mohegan Youth 1723-1749p. 21
Samson Occom of Mohegan
Early Attempts to Christianize his Tribe
The Visit of Experience Mayhew
A School Established
Influences from Natick
Ben Uncas and his Son
North Church, of New London
"The Great Awakening."
Conversion of Occom
Eleazar Wheelock
The Indian at School
Chapter III The Indian Teacher at Montauk 1749-1761p. 42
The Montauk Indians
A Schoolmaster and his Salary
Successful Methods
Occom's Religious Work
Hardships of Wigwam Life
A License to Preach
The Cherokee Mission
Ordination as a Presbyterian Minister
His Marriage to Marry Fowler
Some Good Fruits of his Work at Montauk
Chapter IV Wheelock's Indian Charity School 1754-1770p. 56
Wheelock's Plan to Educate Indian Missionaries
Two Pupils Arrive at Lebanon
Prospects of Support
The Gift of Joshua More
Missionary Headquarters on a Connecticut Hilltop
Joseph Johnson
David Fowler
Pupils from the Mohawk and Oneida Tribes
New England Indians at the School
Death of Tobias Shattock
Samuel Ashbow
Chapter V Occom's Missions to the Oneida Indians 1761-1764p. 82
Missions among the Six Nations
"Good Peter."
Occom's Call to Service
Departure of the First Missionaries
An Indian's Diary
The Oneidas Receive the Gospel
A Second Mission
Wheelock's Memorial to the Connecticut Assembly
Correspondents of the Scotch Society
Occom's Appointment Among the New England Indians
His House at Mohegan
Chapter VI Samuel Kirkland and his Indian Friends 1765-1768p. 105
Samuel Kirkland Goes to the Senecas
Indian Schoolmasters Sent Out from Lebanon
David Fowler, the Teacher at Kanawarohare
Trials Among the Heathen
Some of his Letters
A "Missing Rib" Found
Kirkland and Fowler Among the Oneidas
The Cabin of a Missionary
Famine in the Land
Kirkland is Rescued by his Indian Friend
Chapter VII The Mohegan Land Case and Samson Occom 1764-1769p. 119
Failure of a Westward Mission
The "Mason Controversy."
Position of an Indian Councilor
Robert Glelland, the Schoolmaster at Mohegan
Jealousy of David Jewett
Occom's Opinions Offend the Whites
A Meeting of the Connecticut Correspondents
The Indian is Reproved
Jewett's Retraction
Chapter VIII The Indian Preacher in England 1765-1768p. 130
Whitefield's Project to Assist the Indian Charity School
Nathaniel Whitaker to Accompany Occom
Opposition from the Boston Commissioners
Talents of the Indian Preacher
Arrival in England
Occom in Whitefield's Tabernacle
He Creates a Sensation and Sees the Sights
Some Notable Friends
Attitude of the Church of England
Success in Scotland
The "Trust Fund."
Opinions Favorable to Occom
Portraits of the Indian Preacher
Chapter IX Dark Days at Mohegan 1768-1771p. 152
Samson Occom's Disappointment
His Family Trials
Wheelock is Reproved for Neglect
Removal of the School to Hanover
The Indians are Offended at their Patron
Occom's Fall into Intemperance
Examined and Acquitted by the Suffolk Presbytery
His Subsequent Reputation
Some Indian Prodigals Return
Chapter X Occom's Sermon, Hymns and Hymn Book 1772-1774p. 169
Moses Paul Executed at New Haven
Occom's Sermon on Intemperance
His Utterance on Slavery
Singing among the Indians
Hymn-writers among Occom's Friends
"A Choice Collection of Hymns and Spiritual Songs."
"Indian Melodies."
Some Hymns ascribed to Occom
"Awak'd by Sinai's Awful Sound"
Chapter XI Seven Settlements of Christian Indians 1717-1776p. 188
The Tribes of Southern New England
Early Missions among the Narragansetts
Joseph Park and Samuel Niles
Edward Deake and his School
The Groton Pequots
Instruction of the Stonington Indians
Work among the Niantics
Christianizing the Natives at Farmington
The School at Montauk
Later Missions at Mohegan
Chapter XII The Plan of Emigration to Oneida 1771-1776p. 207
Occom's Design to Unite the Christian Indians
Missionary Purpose in the Emigration
Joseph Johnson Enlisted in the Service
He Secures Lands at Oneida
Adoption of the New England Indians
Wheelock Approves the Plan
Departure of the Emigrants
The Revolutionary War
Influence of the Christian Indians Over the Oneidas
The Messenger of Washington
Occom's Plea for Neutrality
Death of Joseph Johnson
Chapter XIII Indian Friends at Stockbridge 1734-1783p. 231
The Emigrants Retreat to Stockbridge
Missions among the Housatonic Tribe
Labors of John Sergeant
Defect of His Plan
Stockbridge Indians in the Revolution
Three Prominent Councilors
Experiences of the Refugees
They Influence Their Friends to Emigrate
Lands Secured from the Oneidas
Chapter XIV The Missionary of the Wilderness 1783-1789p. 247
The Return to Oneida
Indian Pilgrims Set Sail from New London
Occom in Charge of the Removal
His Visit to Oneida in 1785
The Founding of Brothertown
Preaching to the Stockbridge and New England Indians
Another Visit to His People
Jacob Fowler's Death
The Season of 1787
Occom's Own Removal
His Ministry in New Settlements
An Indian Presbyterian Church
Chapter XV The Trials of Occom's Last Days 1785-1792p. 283
Occom's Views on Indian Civilization
Educated Indians at Brothertown
The Defense of their Title
Factional Disputes
Ejecting Trespassers
Action of the New York Assembly
A Victory for the Indians
The Death of Samson Occom
His Funeral and the Place of His Burial
Chapter XVI Indian Town Government 1785-1842p. 299
The Connecticut Town their Model
Appointment of Superintendents
Indian Peacemakers
Laws of their Town
Progress in Agriculture
Public Improvements
Religious Affairs after Occom's Death
The Superintendents Select an Agent
Thomas Dean and His Services
Chapter XVII The Last Remove 1809-1898p. 316
The Embassy of Hendrick Aupaumut
Failure of the White River Enterprise
Eleazar Williams
Lands Secured in Wisconsin
"New York Indians vs. the United States."
A Claim to Honor
Emigration to the West
The New Indian Settlement
Organization and Experiences
The Last Stand of the New England Indians
Appendix Family History of the Brothertown Indiansp. 335

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